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Title: Effect of nanostructured carbon support on copper electrocatalytic activity toward CO 2 electroreduction to hydrocarbon fuels

The effect of support on electrocatalytic activity of Cu nanoparticles (NPs) towards CO 2 electroreduction to hydrocarbon fuels (CH 4 and C 2H 4) is investigated for three types of nanostructured carbons: single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT), graphene (GP) and onion-like carbon (OLC). Cu/SWNT, Cu/GP and Cu/OLC composite catalysts are synthesized and characterized by X-Ray diffraction analysis, transmission electron microscopy and electrochemical surface area measurements. Electrocatalytic activities of the synthesized materials, as measured in an electrochemical cell connected to a gas chromatograph, are compared to that of Cu NPs supported on Vulcan carbon. All four catalysts demonstrate higher activity towards C 2H 4 generation vs CH 4, with production of the latter mostly suppressed on Cu NPs supported on nanostructured substrates. Onset potentials for C 2H 4 vs CH 4 generation are shifted positively by 200 mV for Cu/SWNT, Cu/GP, and Cu/OLC catalysts. The Cu/OLC catalyst is found to be superior to the other two nanostructured catalysts in terms of stability, activity and selectivity towards C 2H 4 generation. Its faradaic efficiency reached 60% at -1.8 V vs Ag/AgCl. The enhanced activity and stability of Cu/OLC catalyst can be attributed to the unique catalyst design, wherein a shell of OLCmore » surrounds the Cu NPs such that the outer layer acts as a filter that protects the Cu surface from adsorption of undesirable species, enhances its electrocatalytic performance, and improves its viability in CO 2 electroreduction reaction.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States)
  2. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  3. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 288; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1394472