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Title: Global pattern and controls of soil microbial metabolic quotient

The microbial metabolic quotient (MMQ), microbial respiration per unit of biomass, is a fundamental factor controlling heterotrophic respiration, the largest carbon flux in soils. The magnitude and controls of MMQ at regional scale remain uncertain. We compiled a comprehensive data set of MMQ to investigate the global patterns and controls of MMQ in top 30 cm soils. Published MMQ values, generally measured in laboratory microcosms, were adjusted on ambient soil temperature using long-term (30 yr) average site soil temperature and a Q10 = 2. The area-weighted global average of MMQ_Soil is estimated as 1.8 (1.5–2.2) (95% confidence interval) lmol C•h -1•mmol -1 microbial biomass carbon (MBC) with substantial variations across biomes and between cropland and natural ecosystems. Variation was most closely associated with biological factors, followed by edaphic and meteorological parameters. MMQ_Soil was greatest in sandy clay and sandy clay loam and showed a pH maximum of 6.7 - 0.1 (mean ± se). At large scale, MMQ_Soil varied with latitude and mean annual temperature (MAT), and was negatively correlated with microbial N:P ratio, supporting growth rate theory. These trends led to large differences in MMQ_Soil between natural ecosystems and cropland. When MMQ was adjusted to 11°C (MMQ_Ref), the global MATmore » in the top 30 cm of soils, the area-weighted global averages of MMQ_Ref was 1.5 (1.3–1.8) lmol C•mmol MBC -1•h -1. The values, trends, and controls of MMQ_Soil add to our understanding of soil microbial influences on soil carbon cycling and could be used to represent microbial activity in global carbon models.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [4] ;  [9]
  1. San Diego State Univ., San Diego, CA (United States); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Changchun (China)
  2. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Antwerp, Wilrijk (Belgium)
  4. San Diego State Univ., San Diego, CA (United States)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Changchun (China)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  7. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  8. Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
  9. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ecological Monographs
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0012-9615
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1394431
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401080

Xu, Xiaofeng, Schimel, Joshua P., Janssens, Ivan A., Song, Xia, Song, Changchun, Yu, Guirui, Sinsabaugh, Robert L., Tang, Diandong, Zhang, Xiaochun, and Thornton, Peter. E.. Global pattern and controls of soil microbial metabolic quotient. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/ecm.1258.
Xu, Xiaofeng, Schimel, Joshua P., Janssens, Ivan A., Song, Xia, Song, Changchun, Yu, Guirui, Sinsabaugh, Robert L., Tang, Diandong, Zhang, Xiaochun, & Thornton, Peter. E.. Global pattern and controls of soil microbial metabolic quotient. United States. doi:10.1002/ecm.1258.
Xu, Xiaofeng, Schimel, Joshua P., Janssens, Ivan A., Song, Xia, Song, Changchun, Yu, Guirui, Sinsabaugh, Robert L., Tang, Diandong, Zhang, Xiaochun, and Thornton, Peter. E.. 2017. "Global pattern and controls of soil microbial metabolic quotient". United States. doi:10.1002/ecm.1258. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394431.
@article{osti_1394431,
title = {Global pattern and controls of soil microbial metabolic quotient},
author = {Xu, Xiaofeng and Schimel, Joshua P. and Janssens, Ivan A. and Song, Xia and Song, Changchun and Yu, Guirui and Sinsabaugh, Robert L. and Tang, Diandong and Zhang, Xiaochun and Thornton, Peter. E.},
abstractNote = {The microbial metabolic quotient (MMQ), microbial respiration per unit of biomass, is a fundamental factor controlling heterotrophic respiration, the largest carbon flux in soils. The magnitude and controls of MMQ at regional scale remain uncertain. We compiled a comprehensive data set of MMQ to investigate the global patterns and controls of MMQ in top 30 cm soils. Published MMQ values, generally measured in laboratory microcosms, were adjusted on ambient soil temperature using long-term (30 yr) average site soil temperature and a Q10 = 2. The area-weighted global average of MMQ_Soil is estimated as 1.8 (1.5–2.2) (95% confidence interval) lmol C•h-1•mmol-1 microbial biomass carbon (MBC) with substantial variations across biomes and between cropland and natural ecosystems. Variation was most closely associated with biological factors, followed by edaphic and meteorological parameters. MMQ_Soil was greatest in sandy clay and sandy clay loam and showed a pH maximum of 6.7 - 0.1 (mean ± se). At large scale, MMQ_Soil varied with latitude and mean annual temperature (MAT), and was negatively correlated with microbial N:P ratio, supporting growth rate theory. These trends led to large differences in MMQ_Soil between natural ecosystems and cropland. When MMQ was adjusted to 11°C (MMQ_Ref), the global MAT in the top 30 cm of soils, the area-weighted global averages of MMQ_Ref was 1.5 (1.3–1.8) lmol C•mmol MBC-1•h-1. The values, trends, and controls of MMQ_Soil add to our understanding of soil microbial influences on soil carbon cycling and could be used to represent microbial activity in global carbon models.},
doi = {10.1002/ecm.1258},
journal = {Ecological Monographs},
number = 3,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}