skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Quantitative comparison of bright field and annular bright field imaging modes for characterization of oxygen octahedral tilts

Abstract

Octahedral tilt behavior is increasingly recognized as an important contributing factor to the physical behavior of perovskite oxide materials and especially their interfaces, necessitating the development of high-resolution methods of tilt mapping. There are currently two major approaches for quantitative imaging of tilts in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), bright field (BF) and annular bright field (ABF). In this study, we show that BF STEM can be reliably used for measurements of oxygen octahedral tilts. While optimal conditions for BF imaging are more restricted with respect to sample thickness and defocus, we find that BF imaging with an aberration-corrected microscope with the accelerating voltage of 300 kV gives us the most accurate quantitative measurement of the oxygen column positions. Using the tilted perovskite structure of BiFeO3 (BFO) as our test sample, we simulate BF and ABF images in a wide range of conditions, identifying the optimal imaging conditions for each mode. Finally, we show that unlike ABF imaging, BF imaging remains directly quantitatively interpretable for a wide range of the specimen mistilt, suggesting that it should be preferable to the ABF STEM imaging for quantitative structure determination.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sungkyunkwan Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Inst. for Basic Science (IBS), Suwon (Korea, Republic of)
  2. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Inst. for Basic Science (Korea, Republic of); National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)
OSTI Identifier:
1394370
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396515
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; IBS-R011-D1; NRF-2015M3D1A1070672
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ultramicroscopy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 181; Journal ID: ISSN 0304-3991
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; bright field; STEM; perovskite; transition metal oxide; oxygen imaging; octahedral tilt; BiFeO3

Citation Formats

Kim, Young-Min, Pennycook, Stephen J., and Borisevich, Albina Y. Quantitative comparison of bright field and annular bright field imaging modes for characterization of oxygen octahedral tilts. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.04.020.
Kim, Young-Min, Pennycook, Stephen J., & Borisevich, Albina Y. Quantitative comparison of bright field and annular bright field imaging modes for characterization of oxygen octahedral tilts. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.04.020
Kim, Young-Min, Pennycook, Stephen J., and Borisevich, Albina Y. Sat . "Quantitative comparison of bright field and annular bright field imaging modes for characterization of oxygen octahedral tilts". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.04.020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394370.
@article{osti_1394370,
title = {Quantitative comparison of bright field and annular bright field imaging modes for characterization of oxygen octahedral tilts},
author = {Kim, Young-Min and Pennycook, Stephen J. and Borisevich, Albina Y.},
abstractNote = {Octahedral tilt behavior is increasingly recognized as an important contributing factor to the physical behavior of perovskite oxide materials and especially their interfaces, necessitating the development of high-resolution methods of tilt mapping. There are currently two major approaches for quantitative imaging of tilts in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), bright field (BF) and annular bright field (ABF). In this study, we show that BF STEM can be reliably used for measurements of oxygen octahedral tilts. While optimal conditions for BF imaging are more restricted with respect to sample thickness and defocus, we find that BF imaging with an aberration-corrected microscope with the accelerating voltage of 300 kV gives us the most accurate quantitative measurement of the oxygen column positions. Using the tilted perovskite structure of BiFeO3 (BFO) as our test sample, we simulate BF and ABF images in a wide range of conditions, identifying the optimal imaging conditions for each mode. Finally, we show that unlike ABF imaging, BF imaging remains directly quantitatively interpretable for a wide range of the specimen mistilt, suggesting that it should be preferable to the ABF STEM imaging for quantitative structure determination.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.04.020},
journal = {Ultramicroscopy},
number = ,
volume = 181,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Beyond Condensed Matter Physics on the Nanoscale: The Role of Ionic and Electrochemical Phenomena in the Physical Functionalities of Oxide Materials
journal, November 2012

  • Kalinin, Sergei V.; Borisevich, Albina; Fong, Dillon
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn304930x

Octahedral Rotation-Induced Ferroelectricity in Cation Ordered Perovskites
journal, April 2012


Control of octahedral connectivity in perovskite oxide heterostructures: An emerging route to multifunctional materials discovery
journal, March 2012

  • Rondinelli, James M.; May, Steven J.; Freeland, John W.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 37, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2012.49

Suppression of Octahedral Tilts and Associated Changes in Electronic Properties at Epitaxial Oxide Heterostructure Interfaces
journal, August 2010


Atomically Resolved Mapping of Polarization and Electric Fields Across Ferroelectric/Oxide Interfaces by Z-contrast Imaging
journal, April 2011

  • Chang, Hye Jung; Kalinin, Sergei V.; Morozovska, Anna N.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201004641

Unit-cell scale mapping of ferroelectricity and tetragonality in epitaxial ultrathin ferroelectric films
journal, December 2006

  • Jia, Chun-Lin; Nagarajan, Valanoor; He, Jia-Qing
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1808

Atomic-scale study of electric dipoles near charged and uncharged domain walls in ferroelectric films
journal, December 2007

  • Jia, Chun-Lin; Mi, Shao-Bo; Urban, Knut
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2080

Interplay of Octahedral Tilts and Polar Order in BiFeO 3 Films
journal, March 2013


Probing oxygen vacancy concentration and homogeneity in solid-oxide fuel-cell cathode materials on the subunit-cell level
journal, August 2012

  • Kim, Young-Min; He, Jun; Biegalski, Michael D.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3393

Exploring Mesoscopic Physics of Vacancy-Ordered Systems through Atomic Scale Observations of Topological Defects
journal, August 2012


Towards 3D Mapping of BO 6 Octahedron Rotations at Perovskite Heterointerfaces, Unit Cell by Unit Cell
journal, July 2015


Simultaneous visualization of oxygen vacancies and the accompanying cation shifts in a perovskite oxide by combining annular imaging techniques
journal, May 2012

  • Kobayashi, Shunsuke; Findlay, Scott D.; Shibata, Naoya
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4714920

Direct oxygen imaging within a ceramic interface, with some observations upon the dark contrast at the grain boundary
journal, March 2011


Atom-by-atom structural and chemical analysis by annular dark-field electron microscopy
journal, March 2010

  • Krivanek, Ondrej L.; Chisholm, Matthew F.; Nicolosi, Valeria
  • Nature, Vol. 464, Issue 7288
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08879

Direct imaging of hydrogen-atom columns in a crystal by annular bright-field electron microscopy
journal, February 2011

  • Ishikawa, Ryo; Okunishi, Eiji; Sawada, Hidetaka
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2957

Direct Imaging of Hydrogen within a Crystalline Environment
journal, November 2010

  • Findlay, Scott D.; Saito, Tomohiro; Shibata, Naoya
  • Applied Physics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1143/APEX.3.116603

Robust atomic resolution imaging of light elements using scanning transmission electron microscopy
journal, November 2009

  • Findlay, S. D.; Shibata, N.; Sawada, H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3265946

Reversible contrast in focus series of annular bright field images of a crystalline LiMn2O4 nanowire
journal, February 2013


Atomic level observation of octahedral distortions at the perovskite oxide heterointerface
journal, July 2013

  • Aso, Ryotaro; Kan, Daisuke; Shimakawa, Yuichi
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02214

Control of Structural Distortions in Transition-Metal Oxide Films through Oxygen Displacement at the Heterointerface
journal, April 2014

  • Aso, Ryotaro; Kan, Daisuke; Shimakawa, Yuichi
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201303521

Sample tilt effects on atom column position determination in ABF–STEM imaging
journal, January 2016


Misalignment Induced Artifacts in Quantitative Annular Bright-Field Imaging
journal, July 2016


Direct mapping of Li-enabled octahedral tilt ordering and associated strain in nanostructured perovskites
journal, August 2015

  • Zhu, Ye; Withers, Ray L.; Bourgeois, Laure
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4390

Physics and Applications of Bismuth Ferrite
journal, June 2009


The classification of tilted octahedra in perovskites
journal, November 1972

  • Glazer, A. M.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry, Vol. 28, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0567740872007976

Interface control of bulk ferroelectric polarization
journal, May 2012

  • Yu, P.; Luo, W.; Yi, D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1117990109

Oxygen octahedra picker: A software tool to extract quantitative information from STEM images
journal, September 2016


The phase contrast characteristics in bright field electron microscopy
journal, January 1978


Dynamics of annular bright field imaging in scanning transmission electron microscopy
journal, June 2010


Efficient phase contrast imaging in STEM using a pixelated detector. Part 1: Experimental demonstration at atomic resolution
journal, April 2015


Detecting and locating light atoms from high-resolution STEM images: The quest for a single optimal design
journal, November 2016


Does Crystal Tilt Enhance the Electron Interaction?
journal, August 1998

  • Van Dyck, D.; Bokel, R. M. J.; Zandbergen, H. W.
  • Microscopy and Microanalysis, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1017/S1431927698980412

Simultaneous orientation and thickness mapping in transmission electron microscopy
journal, March 2015


A new method to detect and correct sample tilt in scanning transmission electron microscopy bright-field imaging
journal, February 2017


Tuning magnetic anisotropy by interfacially engineering the oxygen coordination environment in a transition metal oxide
journal, March 2016

  • Kan, Daisuke; Aso, Ryotaro; Sato, Riko
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4580

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Atomic-scale measurement of polar entropy
    journal, September 2019


    Emerging Electron Microscopy Techniques for Probing Functional Interfaces in Energy Materials
    journal, October 2019

    • Zachman, Michael J.; Hachtel, Jordan A.; Idrobo, Juan Carlos
    • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 132, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201902993

    Correlation between Geometrically Induced Oxygen Octahedral Tilts and Multiferroic Behaviors in BiFeO 3 Films
    journal, March 2018

    • Lee, Sung Su; Kim, Young‐Min; Lee, Hyun‐Jae
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201800839

    Material structure, properties, and dynamics through scanning transmission electron microscopy
    journal, April 2018

    • Pennycook, Stephen J.; Li, Changjian; Li, Mengsha
    • Journal of Analytical Science and Technology, Vol. 9, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1186/s40543-018-0142-4