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Title: Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets

Abstract

We report on recent experimental results deploying a continuous cryogenic hydrogen jet as a debris-free, renewable laser-driven source of pure proton beams generated at the 150 TW ultrashort pulse laser Draco. Efficient proton acceleration reaching cut-off energies of up to 20 MeV with particle numbers exceeding 109 particles per MeV per steradian is demonstrated, showing for the first time that the acceleration performance is comparable to solid foil targets with thicknesses in the micrometer range. Two different target geometries are presented and their proton beam deliverance characterized: cylindrical (Ø 5 μm) and planar (20 μm × 2 μm). In both cases typical Target Normal Sheath Acceleration emission patterns with exponential proton energy spectra are detected. Significantly higher proton numbers in laser-forward direction are observed when deploying the planar jet as compared to the cylindrical jet case. As a result, this is confirmed by two-dimensional Particle-in-Cell (2D3V PIC) simulations, which demonstrate that the planar jet proves favorable as its geometry leads to more optimized acceleration conditions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [5];  [1];  [1] more »;  [3];  [1];  [5];  [8]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [7];  [7];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [5];  [1] « less
  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
  2. European XFEL GmbH, Schenefeld (Germany); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Univ. Dresden, Dresden (Germany)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  6. Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology e.V., Jena (Germany)
  7. Univ. Rostock, Rostock (Germany)
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Jena (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1394087
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Laser-produced plasmas; Plasma-based accelerators

Citation Formats

Obst, Lieselotte, Gode, Sebastian, Rehwald, Martin, Brack, Florian -Emanuel, Branco, Joao, Bock, Stefan, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Gauthier, Maxence, Gebhardt, Rene, Helbig, Uwe, Huebl, Axel, Hubner, Uwe, Irman, Arie, Kazak, Lev, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan, Loeser, Markus, Metzkes, Josefine, Mishra, Rohini, Rodel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Siebold, Mathias, Tiggesbaumker, Josef, Wolter, Steffen, Ziegler, Tim, Schramm, Ulrich, Glenzer, Siegfried H., and Zeil, Karl. Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10589-3.
Obst, Lieselotte, Gode, Sebastian, Rehwald, Martin, Brack, Florian -Emanuel, Branco, Joao, Bock, Stefan, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Gauthier, Maxence, Gebhardt, Rene, Helbig, Uwe, Huebl, Axel, Hubner, Uwe, Irman, Arie, Kazak, Lev, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan, Loeser, Markus, Metzkes, Josefine, Mishra, Rohini, Rodel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Siebold, Mathias, Tiggesbaumker, Josef, Wolter, Steffen, Ziegler, Tim, Schramm, Ulrich, Glenzer, Siegfried H., & Zeil, Karl. Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10589-3.
Obst, Lieselotte, Gode, Sebastian, Rehwald, Martin, Brack, Florian -Emanuel, Branco, Joao, Bock, Stefan, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Gauthier, Maxence, Gebhardt, Rene, Helbig, Uwe, Huebl, Axel, Hubner, Uwe, Irman, Arie, Kazak, Lev, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan, Loeser, Markus, Metzkes, Josefine, Mishra, Rohini, Rodel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Siebold, Mathias, Tiggesbaumker, Josef, Wolter, Steffen, Ziegler, Tim, Schramm, Ulrich, Glenzer, Siegfried H., and Zeil, Karl. Thu . "Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10589-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394087.
@article{osti_1394087,
title = {Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets},
author = {Obst, Lieselotte and Gode, Sebastian and Rehwald, Martin and Brack, Florian -Emanuel and Branco, Joao and Bock, Stefan and Bussmann, Michael and Cowan, Thomas E. and Curry, Chandra B. and Fiuza, Frederico and Gauthier, Maxence and Gebhardt, Rene and Helbig, Uwe and Huebl, Axel and Hubner, Uwe and Irman, Arie and Kazak, Lev and Kim, Jongjin B. and Kluge, Thomas and Kraft, Stephan and Loeser, Markus and Metzkes, Josefine and Mishra, Rohini and Rodel, Christian and Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter and Siebold, Mathias and Tiggesbaumker, Josef and Wolter, Steffen and Ziegler, Tim and Schramm, Ulrich and Glenzer, Siegfried H. and Zeil, Karl},
abstractNote = {We report on recent experimental results deploying a continuous cryogenic hydrogen jet as a debris-free, renewable laser-driven source of pure proton beams generated at the 150 TW ultrashort pulse laser Draco. Efficient proton acceleration reaching cut-off energies of up to 20 MeV with particle numbers exceeding 109 particles per MeV per steradian is demonstrated, showing for the first time that the acceleration performance is comparable to solid foil targets with thicknesses in the micrometer range. Two different target geometries are presented and their proton beam deliverance characterized: cylindrical (Ø 5 μm) and planar (20 μm × 2 μm). In both cases typical Target Normal Sheath Acceleration emission patterns with exponential proton energy spectra are detected. Significantly higher proton numbers in laser-forward direction are observed when deploying the planar jet as compared to the cylindrical jet case. As a result, this is confirmed by two-dimensional Particle-in-Cell (2D3V PIC) simulations, which demonstrate that the planar jet proves favorable as its geometry leads to more optimized acceleration conditions.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-10589-3},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 12 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1. Figure 1.: (a) Schematic overview of experimental arrangement around the target chamber center (TCC) with the planar jet oriented normal to the incoming laser beam. (b) Images of the cold cylindrical and planar jet as observed along the main laser axis and an on-shot side view of the cylindrical jetmore » at 3.5 ps after the main pulse. At this time the jet is no longer transparent, indicating that it is entirely ionized. (c) Third-order cross-correlator (Sequoia) measurements of the temporal laser contrast at 120 ps and few ps before the main pulse. Black dots indicate the contrast improvement that is achieved with the plasma mirror. The contrast improvement in the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) plateau exceeds the dynamic range of the diagnostic (and is therefore not depicted here) but was estimated to be ~10−13.« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Talk "Next-Generation Simulations For Xfel-Plasma Interactions With Solid Density Targets With Picongpu"
    other, October 2017


    Targets for high repetition rate laser facilities: needs, challenges and perspectives
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    • Prencipe, I.; Fuchs, J.; Pascarelli, S.
    • High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 5
    • DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2017.18

    Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration
    journal, January 2012

    • Zeil, K.; Metzkes, J.; Kluge, T.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1883

    All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles
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    • Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte; Ziegler, Tim; Brack, Florian-Emanuel
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 9, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z

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    • Borghesi, M.; Campbell, D. H.; Schiavi, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1459457

    Enhanced laser ion acceleration from mass-limited foils
    journal, December 2010

    • Kluge, T.; Enghardt, W.; Kraft, S. D.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3519512

    Compact cryogenic source of periodic hydrogen and argon droplet beams for relativistic laser-plasma generation
    journal, February 2012

    • Fraga, R. A. Costa; Kalinin, A.; Kühnel, M.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3681940

    Invited Review Article: “Hands-on” laser-driven ion acceleration: A primer for laser-driven source development and potential applications
    journal, July 2016

    • Schreiber, J.; Bolton, P. R.; Parodi, K.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4959198

    Development of a cryogenic hydrogen microjet for high-intensity, high-repetition rate experiments
    journal, August 2016

    • Kim, J. B.; Göde, S.; Glenzer, S. H.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4961089

    High-intensity laser-accelerated ion beam produced from cryogenic micro-jet target
    journal, August 2016

    • Gauthier, M.; Kim, J. B.; Curry, C. B.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4961270

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    Progress and prospects of ion-driven fast ignition
    journal, April 2009


    Robust energy enhancement of ultrashort pulse laser accelerated protons from reduced mass targets
    journal, July 2014


    Probing near-solid density plasmas using soft x-ray scattering
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    • Toleikis, S.; Bornath, T.; Döppner, T.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 19
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    journal, April 2010


    The scaling of proton energies in ultrashort pulse laser plasma acceleration
    journal, April 2010


    Dose-dependent biological damage of tumour cells by laser-accelerated proton beams
    journal, August 2010


    Ion acceleration in underdense plasmas by ultra-short laser pulses
    journal, March 2014


    First results with the novel petawatt laser acceleration facility in Dresden
    journal, July 2017


    Relativistic Electron Streaming Instabilities Modulate Proton Beams Accelerated in Laser-Plasma Interactions
    journal, May 2017


    Intense High-Energy Proton Beams from Petawatt-Laser Irradiation of Solids
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    Practicability of protontherapy using compact laser systems
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    • Malka, Victor; Fritzler, Sven; Lefebvre, Erik
    • Medical Physics, Vol. 31, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1118/1.1747751

    Laser driven nuclear science and applications: The need of high efficiency, high power and high repetition rate Laser beams
    journal, October 2015


    Radiative signatures of the relativistic Kelvin-Helmholtz instability
    conference, January 2013

    • Bussmann, M.; Schmitt, F.; Schramm, U.
    • Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis on - SC '13
    • DOI: 10.1145/2503210.2504564

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    All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles
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    • Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte; Ziegler, Tim; Brack, Florian-Emanuel
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 9, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z

    Efficient Laser-Driven Proton Acceleration from a Cryogenic Solid Hydrogen Target
    journal, November 2019


    Characterization of laser-driven proton acceleration from water microdroplets
    journal, November 2019


    On-shot characterization of single plasma mirror temporal contrast improvement
    journal, March 2018

    • Obst, L.; Metzkes-Ng, J.; Bock, S.
    • Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 60, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aab3bb

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.