skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Theoretical investigation of intersystem crossing in the cyanonitrene molecule, 1NCN → 3NCN

Abstract

The NCN diradical is an important intermediate of prompt nitric oxide formation in flames. The mechanism of intersystem crossing (ISC) in the NCN molecule formed via pyrolysis or photolysis of NCN 3 is of relevance to the interpretation of experiments that utilize NCN 3 as a precursor for laboratory studies of NCN kinetics. This mechanism has been investigated by means of multi-reference configuration interaction calculations. From the potential energy surfaces for NCN 3 dissociation, it was inferred that both thermal and photo-chemical decomposition initially lead to NCN in its lowest singlet state, $$\tilde{a}^{-1}$$$Δ_g$$, with a possible contribution from the $$\tilde{b}^{-1}\Sigma_g^+$$ state at low photolysis wavelengths. Direct formation of the triplet ground state $$\tilde{X}^{-3}\Sigma_g^-$$ is also feasible for the photolytic pathway. Ananalysis of surface crossings between $$\tilde{a}$$ or $$\tilde{b}$$ and the triplet ground state $$\tilde{X}^{-3}\Sigma_g^-$$ in the absence and presence of a helium atom revealed an ISC channel 1NCN ($$\tilde{a}$$) → 3NCN($$\tilde{X}$$) via a strongly bent structure. However, its barrier of 38 kcal mol -1 relative to the singlet minimum turned out to be much too high to explain the fast ISC observed in experiments. A rigid-bender model including Renner-Teller interactions was used to examine the occurrence of mixed-multiplicity rovibrational states-so-called gateway states-that could enhance collision-induced ISC. The results of this study indicate that a gateway mechanism is probably not operative in the case of the $$\tilde{a}$$/$$\tilde{X}$$pair of states in NCN.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Div.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1393554
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1377972
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 147; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Pfeifle, Mark, Georgievskii, Yuri, Jasper, Ahren W., and Klippenstein, Stephen J. Theoretical investigation of intersystem crossing in the cyanonitrene molecule, 1NCN → 3NCN. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4999788.
Pfeifle, Mark, Georgievskii, Yuri, Jasper, Ahren W., & Klippenstein, Stephen J. Theoretical investigation of intersystem crossing in the cyanonitrene molecule, 1NCN → 3NCN. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4999788.
Pfeifle, Mark, Georgievskii, Yuri, Jasper, Ahren W., and Klippenstein, Stephen J. Mon . "Theoretical investigation of intersystem crossing in the cyanonitrene molecule, 1NCN → 3NCN". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4999788. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393554.
@article{osti_1393554,
title = {Theoretical investigation of intersystem crossing in the cyanonitrene molecule, 1NCN → 3NCN},
author = {Pfeifle, Mark and Georgievskii, Yuri and Jasper, Ahren W. and Klippenstein, Stephen J.},
abstractNote = {The NCN diradical is an important intermediate of prompt nitric oxide formation in flames. The mechanism of intersystem crossing (ISC) in the NCN molecule formed via pyrolysis or photolysis of NCN3 is of relevance to the interpretation of experiments that utilize NCN3 as a precursor for laboratory studies of NCN kinetics. This mechanism has been investigated by means of multi-reference configuration interaction calculations. From the potential energy surfaces for NCN3 dissociation, it was inferred that both thermal and photo-chemical decomposition initially lead to NCN in its lowest singlet state, $\tilde{a}^{-1}$$Δ_g$, with a possible contribution from the $\tilde{b}^{-1}\Sigma_g^+$ state at low photolysis wavelengths. Direct formation of the triplet ground state $\tilde{X}^{-3}\Sigma_g^-$ is also feasible for the photolytic pathway. Ananalysis of surface crossings between $\tilde{a}$ or $\tilde{b}$ and the triplet ground state $\tilde{X}^{-3}\Sigma_g^-$ in the absence and presence of a helium atom revealed an ISC channel 1NCN ($\tilde{a}$) → 3NCN($\tilde{X}$) via a strongly bent structure. However, its barrier of 38 kcal mol-1 relative to the singlet minimum turned out to be much too high to explain the fast ISC observed in experiments. A rigid-bender model including Renner-Teller interactions was used to examine the occurrence of mixed-multiplicity rovibrational states-so-called gateway states-that could enhance collision-induced ISC. The results of this study indicate that a gateway mechanism is probably not operative in the case of the $\tilde{a}$/$\tilde{X}$pair of states in NCN.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4999788},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 147,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

van der Waals Volumes and Radii
journal, March 1964

  • Bondi, A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 68, Issue 3, p. 441-451
  • DOI: 10.1021/j100785a001

Balanced basis sets of split valence, triple zeta valence and quadruple zeta valence quality for H to Rn: Design and assessment of accuracy
journal, January 2005

  • Weigend, Florian; Ahlrichs, Reinhart
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 18, p. 3297-3305
  • DOI: 10.1039/b508541a