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Title: Development and calibration of a reactive transport model for carbonate reservoir porosity and permeability changes based on CO 2 core-flood experiments

Here, beneficial pore space and permeability enhancements are likely to occur as CO 2-charged fluids partially dissolve carbonate minerals in carbonate reservoir formations used for geologic CO 2 storage. The ability to forecast the extent and impact of changes in porosity and permeability will aid geologic CO 2 storage operations and lower uncertainty in estimates of long-term storage capacity. Our work is directed toward developing calibrated reactive transport models that more accurately capture the chemical impacts of CO 2-fluid-rock interactions and their effects on porosity and permeability by matching pressure, fluid chemistry, and dissolution features that developed as a result of reaction with CO 2-acidified brines at representative reservoir conditions. We present new results from experiments conducted on seven core samples from the Arbuckle Dolostone (near Wellington, Kansas, USA, recovered as part of the South-Central Kansas CO 2 Demonstration). Cores were obtained from both target reservoir and lower-permeability baffle zones, and together these samples span over 3–4 orders of magnitude of permeability according to downhole measurements. Core samples were nondestructively imaged by X-ray computed tomography and the resulting characterization data were mapped onto a continuum domain to further develop a reactive transport model for a range of mineral and physicalmore » heterogeneity. We combine these new results with those from previous experimental studies to more fully constrain the governing equations used in reactive transport models to better estimate the transition of enhanced oil recovery operations to long-term geology CO 2 storage. Calcite and dolomite kinetic rate constants (mol m –2 s –1) derived by fitting the results from core-flood experiments range from k calcite,25C = 10 –6.8 to 10 –4.6, and k dolomite,25C = 10 –7.5 to 10 –5.3. The power law-based porosity-permeability relationship is sensitive to the overall pore space heterogeneity of each core. Stable dissolution fronts observed in the more homogeneous dolostones could be accurately simulated using an exponential value of n = 3. Furthermore, unstable dissolution fronts consisting of preferential flowpaths could be simulated using an exponential value of n = 3 for heterogeneous dolostones, and larger values ( n = 6–8) for heterogeneous limestones.« less
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1750-5836
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; LLNL-JRNL-713709
Published Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1750-5836
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; 02 PETROLEUM; CO2 storage; carbonate reservoirs; kinetics; reactive transport parameters
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1357368