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Title: Against the Wind: Radio Light Curves of Type IA Supernovae Interacting with Low-Density Circumstellar Shells

For decades a wide variety of observations spanning the radio through optical and on to the X-ray have attempted to uncover signs of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) interacting with a circumstellar medium (CSM). The goal of these studies is to constrain the nature of the hypothesized SN Ia mass-donor companion. A continuous CSM is typically assumed when interpreting observations of interaction. However, while such models have been successfully applied to core-collapse SNe, the assumption of continuity may not be accurate for SNe Ia, because shells of CSM could be formed by pre-supernova eruptions (novae). In this work, we model the interaction of SNe with a spherical, low-density, finite-extent CSM and create a suite of synthetic radio synchrotron light curves. We find that CSM shells produce sharply peaked light curves. We also identify a fiducial set of models that obey a common evolution and can be used to generate radio light curves for an interaction with an arbitrary shell. The relations obeyed by the fiducial models can be used to deduce CSM properties from radio observations; we demonstrate this by applying them to the nondetections of SN 2011fe and SN 2014J. Finally, we explore a multiple shell CSM configuration andmore » describe its more complicated dynamics and the resultant radio light curves.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 823; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; circumstellar matter; novae; cataclysmic variables; supernovae: general; supernovae: individual
OSTI Identifier:
1393049

Harris, Chelsea E., Nugent, Peter E., and Kasen, Daniel N.. Against the Wind: Radio Light Curves of Type IA Supernovae Interacting with Low-Density Circumstellar Shells. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/100.
Harris, Chelsea E., Nugent, Peter E., & Kasen, Daniel N.. Against the Wind: Radio Light Curves of Type IA Supernovae Interacting with Low-Density Circumstellar Shells. United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/100.
Harris, Chelsea E., Nugent, Peter E., and Kasen, Daniel N.. 2016. "Against the Wind: Radio Light Curves of Type IA Supernovae Interacting with Low-Density Circumstellar Shells". United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/100. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393049.
@article{osti_1393049,
title = {Against the Wind: Radio Light Curves of Type IA Supernovae Interacting with Low-Density Circumstellar Shells},
author = {Harris, Chelsea E. and Nugent, Peter E. and Kasen, Daniel N.},
abstractNote = {For decades a wide variety of observations spanning the radio through optical and on to the X-ray have attempted to uncover signs of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) interacting with a circumstellar medium (CSM). The goal of these studies is to constrain the nature of the hypothesized SN Ia mass-donor companion. A continuous CSM is typically assumed when interpreting observations of interaction. However, while such models have been successfully applied to core-collapse SNe, the assumption of continuity may not be accurate for SNe Ia, because shells of CSM could be formed by pre-supernova eruptions (novae). In this work, we model the interaction of SNe with a spherical, low-density, finite-extent CSM and create a suite of synthetic radio synchrotron light curves. We find that CSM shells produce sharply peaked light curves. We also identify a fiducial set of models that obey a common evolution and can be used to generate radio light curves for an interaction with an arbitrary shell. The relations obeyed by the fiducial models can be used to deduce CSM properties from radio observations; we demonstrate this by applying them to the nondetections of SN 2011fe and SN 2014J. Finally, we explore a multiple shell CSM configuration and describe its more complicated dynamics and the resultant radio light curves.},
doi = {10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/100},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 823,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}