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Title: Metallicity from Type II supernovae from the (i)PTF

Abstract

Type IIP supernovae (SNe IIP) have recently been proposed as metallicity (Z) probes. The spectral models of Dessart et al. (2014, MNRAS, 440, 1856) showed that the pseudo-equivalent width of Fe ii λ5018 (pEW 5018) during the plateau phase depends on the primordial Z, but there was a paucity of SNe IIP exhibiting pEW 5018 that were compatible with Z < 0.4 Z . This lack might be due to some physical property of the SN II population or to the fact that those SNe have been discovered in luminous, metal-rich targeted galaxies. In this paper, we use SN II observations from the untargeted (intermediate) Palomar Transient Factory [(i)PTF] survey, aiming to investigate the pEW 5018 distribution of this SN population and, in particular, to look for the presence of SNe II at lower Z. We perform pEW 5018 measurements on the spectra of a sample of 39 (i)PTF SNe II, selected to have well-constrained explosion epochs and light-curve properties. Based on the comparison with the pEW 5018 spectral models, we subgrouped our SNe into four Z bins from Z ≈ 0.1 Z up to Z ≈ 2 Z . We also independently investigated the Z of the hostsmore » by using their absolute magnitudes and colors and, in a few cases, using strong-line diagnostics from spectra. We searched for possible correlations between SN observables, such as their peak magnitudes and the Z inferred from pEW 5018. We found 11 events with pEW 5018 that were small enough to indicate Z ≈ 0.1 Z . The trend of pEW 5018 with Z matches the Z estimates obtained from the host-galaxy photometry, although the significance of the correlation is weak. Finally, we also found that SNe with brighter peak magnitudes have smaller pEW 5018 and occur at lower Z.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [2]
  1. Stockholm Univ. (Sweden)
  2. Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel)
  3. Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel); Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
  4. Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Liverpool John Moores Univ., Liverpool (United Kingdom); Max Planck Inst. for Astrophysics, Garching (Germany)
  8. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  9. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)
  10. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  11. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF); Swedish Research Council (SRC); European Research Council (ERC); Israel Science Foundation (ISF)
OSTI Identifier:
1393032
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AST-1211916; AST-1302771; 307260
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 587; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; supernovae; galaxies; abundances

Citation Formats

Taddia, F., Moquist, P., Sollerman, J., Rubin, A., Leloudas, G., Gal-Yam, A., Arcavi, I., Cao, Y., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Mazzali, P. A., Nugent, P. E., Pan, Y. -C., Silverman, J. M., Xu, D., and Yaron, O. Metallicity from Type II supernovae from the (i)PTF. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527983.
Taddia, F., Moquist, P., Sollerman, J., Rubin, A., Leloudas, G., Gal-Yam, A., Arcavi, I., Cao, Y., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Mazzali, P. A., Nugent, P. E., Pan, Y. -C., Silverman, J. M., Xu, D., & Yaron, O. Metallicity from Type II supernovae from the (i)PTF. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527983.
Taddia, F., Moquist, P., Sollerman, J., Rubin, A., Leloudas, G., Gal-Yam, A., Arcavi, I., Cao, Y., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Mazzali, P. A., Nugent, P. E., Pan, Y. -C., Silverman, J. M., Xu, D., and Yaron, O. Tue . "Metallicity from Type II supernovae from the (i)PTF". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527983. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393032.
@article{osti_1393032,
title = {Metallicity from Type II supernovae from the (i)PTF},
author = {Taddia, F. and Moquist, P. and Sollerman, J. and Rubin, A. and Leloudas, G. and Gal-Yam, A. and Arcavi, I. and Cao, Y. and Filippenko, A. V. and Graham, M. L. and Mazzali, P. A. and Nugent, P. E. and Pan, Y. -C. and Silverman, J. M. and Xu, D. and Yaron, O.},
abstractNote = {Type IIP supernovae (SNe IIP) have recently been proposed as metallicity (Z) probes. The spectral models of Dessart et al. (2014, MNRAS, 440, 1856) showed that the pseudo-equivalent width of Fe ii λ5018 (pEW5018) during the plateau phase depends on the primordial Z, but there was a paucity of SNe IIP exhibiting pEW5018 that were compatible with Z < 0.4 Z⊙. This lack might be due to some physical property of the SN II population or to the fact that those SNe have been discovered in luminous, metal-rich targeted galaxies. In this paper, we use SN II observations from the untargeted (intermediate) Palomar Transient Factory [(i)PTF] survey, aiming to investigate the pEW5018 distribution of this SN population and, in particular, to look for the presence of SNe II at lower Z. We perform pEW5018 measurements on the spectra of a sample of 39 (i)PTF SNe II, selected to have well-constrained explosion epochs and light-curve properties. Based on the comparison with the pEW5018 spectral models, we subgrouped our SNe into four Z bins from Z ≈ 0.1 Z⊙ up to Z ≈ 2 Z⊙. We also independently investigated the Z of the hosts by using their absolute magnitudes and colors and, in a few cases, using strong-line diagnostics from spectra. We searched for possible correlations between SN observables, such as their peak magnitudes and the Z inferred from pEW5018. We found 11 events with pEW5018 that were small enough to indicate Z ≈ 0.1 Z⊙. The trend of pEW5018 with Z matches the Z estimates obtained from the host-galaxy photometry, although the significance of the correlation is weak. Finally, we also found that SNe with brighter peak magnitudes have smaller pEW5018 and occur at lower Z.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201527983},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 587,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, March 2014

  • Ahn, Christopher P.; Alexandroff, Rachael; Allende Prieto, Carlos
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Optical Spectra of Supernovae
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Oxygen and nitrogen abundances in nearby galaxies: Correlations between oxygen abundance and macroscopic properties
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A metallicity study of 1987A-like supernova host galaxies
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Type II-Plateau supernova radiation: dependences on progenitor and explosion properties
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Classification parameters for the emission-line spectra of extragalactic objects
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Measuring Reddening with Sloan Digital sky Survey Stellar Spectra and Recalibrating sfd
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Metallicity at the explosion sites of interacting transients
journal, August 2015


Type II Plateau supernovae as metallicity probes of the Universe
journal, March 2014

  • Dessart, L.; Gutierrez, C. P.; Hamuy, M.
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CHARACTERIZING THE V -BAND LIGHT-CURVES OF HYDROGEN-RICH TYPE II SUPERNOVAE
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Real-Time Detection and Rapid Multiwavelength Follow-Up Observations of a Highly Subluminous type ii-p Supernova from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey
journal, July 2011


[O iii]/[N ii] as an abundance indicator at high redshift
journal, March 2004


Using Colors to Improve Photometric Metallicity Estimates for Galaxies
journal, September 2013


Core-Collapse Supernovae from the Palomar Transient Factory: Indications for a Different Population in Dwarf Galaxies
journal, September 2010


The Origin of the Mass‐Metallicity Relation: Insights from 53,000 Star‐forming Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, October 2004

  • Tremonti, Christy A.; Heckman, Timothy M.; Kauffmann, Guinevere
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 613, Issue 2
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Spectral properties of type Ia supernovae up to z  ~  0.3
journal, January 2011


Observational constraints on the progenitor metallicities of core-collapse supernovae★: CC SN progenitor metallicities
journal, August 2010


Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, September 2009


The Galactic chemical evolution of oxygen inferred from 3D non-LTE spectral-line-formation calculations
journal, September 2015

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  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 454, Issue 1
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Spectral properties of type Ia supernovae up to z  ~  0.3
    journal, January 2011


    A metallicity study of 1987A-like supernova host galaxies
    journal, October 2013


    Metallicity at the explosion sites of interacting transients
    journal, August 2015


    Oxygen and nitrogen abundances in nearby galaxies: Correlations between oxygen abundance and macroscopic properties
    journal, September 2004


    Classification parameters for the emission-line spectra of extragalactic objects
    journal, February 1981

    • Baldwin, J. A.; Phillips, M. M.; Terlevich, R.
    • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 93
    • DOI: 10.1086/130766

    The Origin of the Mass‐Metallicity Relation: Insights from 53,000 Star‐forming Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
    journal, October 2004

    • Tremonti, Christy A.; Heckman, Timothy M.; Kauffmann, Guinevere
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 613, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1086/423264

    The Tenth data Release of the Sloan Digital sky Survey: First Spectroscopic data from the Sdss-Iii Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment
    journal, March 2014

    • Ahn, Christopher P.; Alexandroff, Rachael; Allende Prieto, Carlos
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 211, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/211/2/17

    Type II-Plateau supernova radiation: dependences on progenitor and explosion properties
    journal, June 2013

    • Dessart, Luc; Hillier, D. John; Waldman, Roni
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 433, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt861

    Type II Plateau supernovae as metallicity probes of the Universe
    journal, March 2014

    • Dessart, L.; Gutierrez, C. P.; Hamuy, M.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 440, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu417

    The Galactic chemical evolution of oxygen inferred from 3D non-LTE spectral-line-formation calculations
    journal, September 2015

    • Amarsi, A. M.; Asplund, M.; Collet, R.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 454, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv122

    [O iii]/[N ii] as an abundance indicator at high redshift
    journal, March 2004


    Observational constraints on the progenitor metallicities of core-collapse supernovae★: CC SN progenitor metallicities
    journal, August 2010


    Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae
    journal, September 2009


    Optical Spectra of Supernovae
    journal, September 1997