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Title: Planck intermediate results: XXIX. All-sky dust modelling with Planck, IRAS, and WISE observations

Abstract

In this paper, we present all-sky modelling of the high resolution Planck, IRAS, and WISE infrared (IR) observations using the physical dust model presented by Draine & Li in 2007 (DL, ApJ, 657, 810). We study the performance and results of this model, and discuss implications for future dust modelling. The present work extends the DL dust modelling carried out on nearby galaxies using Herschel and Spitzer data to Galactic dust emission. We employ the DL dust model to generate maps of the dust mass surface density Σ Md, the dust optical extinction A V, and the starlight intensity heating the bulk of the dust, parametrized by U min. The DL model reproduces the observed spectral energy distribution (SED) satisfactorily over most of the sky, with small deviations in the inner Galactic disk and in low ecliptic latitude areas, presumably due to zodiacal light contamination. In the Andromeda galaxy (M31), the present dust mass estimates agree remarkably well (within 10%) with DL estimates based on independent Spitzer and Herschel data. We compare the DL optical extinction A V for the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) with optical estimates for approximately 2 × 10 5 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) observed inthe Sloan Digitalmore » Sky Survey (SDSS). The DL A V estimates are larger than those determined towards QSOs by a factor of about 2, which depends on U min. The DL fitting parameter U min, effectively determined by the wavelength where the SED peaks, appears to trace variations in the far-IR opacity of the dust grains per unit A V, and not only in the starlight intensity. These results show that some of the physical assumptions of the DL model will need to be revised. To circumvent the model deficiency, we propose an empirical renormalization of the DL A V estimate, dependent of U min, which compensates for the systematic differences found with QSO observations. This renormalization, made to match the A V estimates towards QSOs, also brings into agreement the DL A V estimates with those derived for molecular clouds from the near-IR colours of stars in the 2 micron all sky survey (2MASS). The DL model and the QSOs data are also used to compress the spectral information in the Planck and IRAS observations for the diffuse ISM to a family of 20 SEDs normalized per A V, parameterized by U min, which may be used to test and empirically calibrate dust models. Finally, the family of SEDs and the maps generated with the DL model are made public in the Planck Legacy Archive.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
Planck Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1393015
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 586; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; dust; extinction; ISM

Citation Formats

Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Alves, M. I. R., Aniano, G., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Chamballu, A., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Couchot, F., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Draine, B. T., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Holmes, W. A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jones, W. C., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leonardi, R., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marshall, D. J., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Pasian, F., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Scott, D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Umana, G., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Ysard, N., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XXIX. All-sky dust modelling with Planck, IRAS, and WISE observations. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424945.
Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Alves, M. I. R., Aniano, G., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Chamballu, A., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Couchot, F., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Draine, B. T., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Holmes, W. A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jones, W. C., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leonardi, R., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marshall, D. J., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Pasian, F., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Scott, D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Umana, G., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Ysard, N., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., & Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XXIX. All-sky dust modelling with Planck, IRAS, and WISE observations. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424945.
Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Alves, M. I. R., Aniano, G., Arnaud, M., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Chamballu, A., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Couchot, F., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Draine, B. T., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hivon, E., Holmes, W. A., Hovest, W., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jones, W. C., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leonardi, R., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Maris, M., Marshall, D. J., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Natoli, P., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Pasian, F., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Scott, D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Umana, G., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Ysard, N., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Tue . "Planck intermediate results: XXIX. All-sky dust modelling with Planck, IRAS, and WISE observations". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424945. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393015.
@article{osti_1393015,
title = {Planck intermediate results: XXIX. All-sky dust modelling with Planck, IRAS, and WISE observations},
author = {Ade, P. A. R. and Aghanim, N. and Alves, M. I. R. and Aniano, G. and Arnaud, M. and Ashdown, M. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Banday, A. J. and Barreiro, R. B. and Bartolo, N. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bernard, J. -P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bielewicz, P. and Bonaldi, A. and Bonavera, L. and Bond, J. R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F. R. and Boulanger, F. and Burigana, C. and Butler, R. C. and Calabrese, E. and Cardoso, J. -F. and Catalano, A. and Chamballu, A. and Chiang, H. C. and Christensen, P. R. and Clements, D. L. and Colombi, S. and Colombo, L. P. L. and Couchot, F. and Crill, B. P. and Curto, A. and Cuttaia, F. and Danese, L. and Davies, R. D. and Davis, R. J. and de Bernardis, P. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J. M. and Dole, H. and Donzelli, S. and Doré, O. and Douspis, M. and Draine, B. T. and Ducout, A. and Dupac, X. and Efstathiou, G. and Elsner, F. and Enßlin, T. A. and Eriksen, H. K. and Falgarone, E. and Finelli, F. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Fraisse, A. A. and Franceschi, E. and Frejsel, A. and Galeotta, S. and Galli, S. and Ganga, K. and Ghosh, T. and Giard, M. and Gjerløw, E. and González-Nuevo, J. and Górski, K. M. and Gregorio, A. and Gruppuso, A. and Guillet, V. and Hansen, F. K. and Hanson, D. and Harrison, D. L. and Henrot-Versillé, S. and Hernández-Monteagudo, C. and Herranz, D. and Hildebrandt, S. R. and Hivon, E. and Holmes, W. A. and Hovest, W. and Huffenberger, K. M. and Hurier, G. and Jaffe, A. H. and Jaffe, T. R. and Jones, W. C. and Keihänen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Kisner, T. S. and Kneissl, R. and Knoche, J. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lagache, G. and Lamarre, J. -M. and Lasenby, A. and Lattanzi, M. and Lawrence, C. R. and Leonardi, R. and Levrier, F. and Liguori, M. and Lilje, P. B. and Linden-Vørnle, M. and López-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P. M. and Macías-Pérez, J. F. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Maris, M. and Marshall, D. J. and Martin, P. G. and Martínez-González, E. and Masi, S. and Matarrese, S. and Mazzotta, P. and Melchiorri, A. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Migliaccio, M. and Miville-Deschênes, M. -A. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Mortlock, D. and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J. A. and Naselsky, P. and Natoli, P. and Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and Oxborrow, C. A. and Pagano, L. and Pajot, F. and Paladini, R. and Paoletti, D. and Pasian, F. and Perdereau, O. and Perotto, L. and Perrotta, F. and Pettorino, V. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Plaszczynski, S. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Ponthieu, N. and Popa, L. and Pratt, G. W. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J. -L. and Rachen, J. P. and Reach, W. T. and Rebolo, R. and Reinecke, M. and Remazeilles, M. and Renault, C. and Ristorcelli, I. and Rocha, G. and Roudier, G. and Rubiño-Martín, J. A. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Santos, D. and Scott, D. and Spencer, L. D. and Stolyarov, V. and Sudiwala, R. and Sunyaev, R. and Sutton, D. and Suur-Uski, A. -S. and Sygnet, J. -F. and Tauber, J. A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Tucci, M. and Umana, G. and Valenziano, L. and Valiviita, J. and Van Tent, B. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Wade, L. A. and Wandelt, B. D. and Wehus, I. K. and Ysard, N. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we present all-sky modelling of the high resolution Planck, IRAS, and WISE infrared (IR) observations using the physical dust model presented by Draine & Li in 2007 (DL, ApJ, 657, 810). We study the performance and results of this model, and discuss implications for future dust modelling. The present work extends the DL dust modelling carried out on nearby galaxies using Herschel and Spitzer data to Galactic dust emission. We employ the DL dust model to generate maps of the dust mass surface density ΣMd, the dust optical extinction AV, and the starlight intensity heating the bulk of the dust, parametrized by Umin. The DL model reproduces the observed spectral energy distribution (SED) satisfactorily over most of the sky, with small deviations in the inner Galactic disk and in low ecliptic latitude areas, presumably due to zodiacal light contamination. In the Andromeda galaxy (M31), the present dust mass estimates agree remarkably well (within 10%) with DL estimates based on independent Spitzer and Herschel data. We compare the DL optical extinction AV for the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) with optical estimates for approximately 2 × 105 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) observed inthe Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The DL AV estimates are larger than those determined towards QSOs by a factor of about 2, which depends on Umin. The DL fitting parameter Umin, effectively determined by the wavelength where the SED peaks, appears to trace variations in the far-IR opacity of the dust grains per unit AV, and not only in the starlight intensity. These results show that some of the physical assumptions of the DL model will need to be revised. To circumvent the model deficiency, we propose an empirical renormalization of the DL AV estimate, dependent of Umin, which compensates for the systematic differences found with QSO observations. This renormalization, made to match the AV estimates towards QSOs, also brings into agreement the DL AV estimates with those derived for molecular clouds from the near-IR colours of stars in the 2 micron all sky survey (2MASS). The DL model and the QSOs data are also used to compress the spectral information in the Planck and IRAS observations for the diffuse ISM to a family of 20 SEDs normalized per AV, parameterized by Umin, which may be used to test and empirically calibrate dust models. Finally, the family of SEDs and the maps generated with the DL model are made public in the Planck Legacy Archive.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201424945},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 586,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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ISOCAM observations of the Ursa Major cirrus:: Evidence for large abundance variations of small dust grains
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  • Miville-Deschênes, M. -A.; Boulanger, F.; Joncas, G.
  • Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 381, Issue 1
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Planck 2013 results. XIV. Zodiacal emission
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The far-infrared signature of dust in high-latitude regions: FIR signature of dust in high-latitude regions
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The Evolution of the Elemental Abundances in the Gas and Dust Phases of the Galaxy
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  • Dwek, Eli
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 501, Issue 2
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The evolution of amorphous hydrocarbons in the ISM: dust modelling from a new vantage point
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Dust models post- Planck : constraining the far-infrared opacity of dust in the diffuse interstellar medium
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An Analysis of the Shapes of Interstellar Extinction Curves. vi. the Near-Ir Extinction law
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IceCube sensitivity for low-energy neutrinos from nearby supernovae ( Corrigendum )
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MODELING DUST AND STARLIGHT IN GALAXIES OBSERVED BY SPITZER AND HERSCHEL : NGC 628 AND NGC 6946
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The COBE mission - Its design and performance two years after launch
journal, September 1992

  • Boggess, N. W.; Mather, J. C.; Weiss, R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 397
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Planck early results. XVII. Origin of the submillimetre excess dust emission in the Magellanic Clouds
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Interstellar Dust Models Consistent with Extinction, Emission, and Abundance Constraints
journal, June 2004

  • Zubko, Viktor; Dwek, Eli; Arendt, Richard G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 152, Issue 2
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The Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS)
journal, September 2004

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  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 154, Issue 1
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The link between molecular cloud structure and turbulence
journal, March 2011


The Herschel -SPIRE instrument and its in-flight performance
journal, July 2010


Planck intermediate results : XXV. The Andromeda galaxy as seen by
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The relationship between infrared, optical, and ultraviolet extinction
journal, October 1989

  • Cardelli, Jason A.; Clayton, Geoffrey C.; Mathis, John S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 345
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Aggregate dust connections and emissivity enhancements
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The Sloan Digital Sky Survey quasar catalog: tenth data release
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Herschel Space Observatory : An ESA facility for far-infrared and submillimetre astronomy
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An Analysis of the Shapes of Interstellar Extinction Curves. V. The IR‐through‐UV Curve Morphology
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  • Fitzpatrick, E. L.; Massa, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 663, Issue 1
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The Spitzer Space Telescope Mission
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  • Werner, M. W.; Roellig, T. L.; Low, F. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 154, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/422992

Infrared Emission from Interstellar Dust. IV. The Silicate‐Graphite‐PAH Model in the Post‐ Spitzer Era
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  • Draine, B. T.; Li, Aigen
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 657, Issue 2
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The Sloan Digital Sky Survey: Technical Summary
journal, September 2000

  • York, Donald G.; Adelman, J.; Anderson, Jr., John E.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 120, Issue 3
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Variation in dust properties in a dense filament of the Taurus molecular complex (L1506)
journal, November 2013


Correcting for the Effects of Interstellar Extinction
journal, January 1999

  • Fitzpatrick, Edward L.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 111, Issue 755
  • DOI: 10.1086/316293

Infrared Emission from Interstellar Dust. II. The Diffuse Interstellar Medium
journal, June 2001

  • Li, Aigen; Draine, B. T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 554, Issue 2
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Composite Quasar Spectra from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, August 2001

  • Vanden Berk, Daniel E.; Richards, Gordon T.; Bauer, Amanda
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 122, Issue 2
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The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) mission
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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 278
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EVIDENCE FOR DUST EVOLUTION WITHIN THE TAURUS COMPLEX FROM SPITZER IMAGES
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Serendipity Observations of far Infrared Cirrus Emission in the Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey: Analysis of Far-Infrared Correlations
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Planck 2013 results. VIII. HFI photometric calibration and mapmaking
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Extrapolation of Galactic Dust Emission at 100 Microns to Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Frequencies Using FIRAS
journal, October 1999

  • Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Davis, Marc; Schlegel, David J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 524, Issue 2
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The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)
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  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 131, Issue 2
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KINGFISH—Key Insights on Nearby Galaxies: A Far-Infrared Survey with Herschel : Survey Description and Image Atlas1
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  • Kennicutt, R. C.; Calzetti, D.; Aniano, G.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 123, Issue 910
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The Submillimeter and Millimeter Excess of the Small Magellanic Cloud: Magnetic Dipole Emission from Magnetic Nanoparticles?
journal, September 2012


Planck early results. XXV. Thermal dust in nearby molecular clouds
journal, December 2011


Planck early results. XXIV. Dust in the diffuse interstellar medium and the Galactic halo
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A MAP OF DUST REDDENING TO 4.5 kpc FROM Pan-STARRS1
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E ( BV ), N (H I), AND N (H 2 )
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The distance to the Andromeda galaxy from eclipsing binaries
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A FULL-SKY, HIGH-RESOLUTION ATLAS OF GALACTIC 12 μm DUST EMISSION WITH WISE
journal, December 2013


The Infrared Astronomical Mission AKARI
journal, October 2007

  • Murakami, Hiroshi; Baba, Hajime; Barthel, Peter
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 59, Issue sp2
  • DOI: 10.1093/pasj/59.sp2.S369

Evolution of dust properties in an interstellar filament
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Planck 2013 results. XI. All-sky model of thermal dust emission
journal, October 2014


Dust spectral energy distributions of nearby galaxies: an insight from the Herschel Reference Survey
journal, May 2014


The Seventh data Release of the Sloan Digital sky Survey
journal, May 2009

  • Abazajian, Kevork N.; Adelman-McCarthy, Jennifer K.; Agüeros, Marcel A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 182, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/182/2/543

SINGS: The SIRTF Nearby Galaxies Survey
journal, August 2003

  • Kennicutt, Jr., Robert C.; Armus, Lee; Bendo, George
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 115, Issue 810
  • DOI: 10.1086/376941

The Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) on the  Herschel Space Observatory
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Andromeda'S dust
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The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (Wise): Mission Description and Initial On-Orbit Performance
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