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Title: POLARBEAR constraints on cosmic birefringence and primordial magnetic fields

Here, we constrain anisotropic cosmic birefringence using four-point correlations of even-parity E-mode and odd-parity B-mode polarization in the cosmic microwave background measurements made by the POLARization of the Background Radiation (POLARBEAR) experiment in its first season of observations. We find that the anisotropic cosmic birefringence signal from any parity-violating processes is consistent with zero. The Faraday rotation from anisotropic cosmic birefringence can be compared with the equivalent quantity generated by primordial magnetic fields if they existed. The POLARBEAR nondetection translates into a 95% confidence level (C.L.) upper limit of 93 nanogauss (nG) on the amplitude of an equivalent primordial magnetic field inclusive of systematic uncertainties. This four-point correlation constraint on Faraday rotation is about 15 times tighter than the upper limit of 1380 nG inferred from constraining the contribution of Faraday rotation to two-point correlations of B-modes measured by Planck in 2015. Metric perturbations sourced by primordial magnetic fields would also contribute to the B-mode power spectrum. Using the POLARBEAR measurements of the B-mode power spectrum (two-point correlation), we set a 95% C.L. upper limit of 3.9 nG on primordial magnetic fields assuming a flat prior on the field amplitude. This limit is comparable to what was found in themore » Planck 2015 two-point correlation analysis with both temperature and polarization. Finally, we perform a set of systematic error tests and find no evidence for contamination. This work marks the first time that anisotropic cosmic birefringence or primordial magnetic fields have been constrained from the ground at subdegree scales.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AST-0618398; AST-1212230; 21111002; 26220709; AST-1313319; AST-1501422
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Orgs:
Polarbear Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1393000
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1228421

Ade, Peter A. R., Arnold, Kam, Atlas, Matt, Baccigalupi, Carlo, Barron, Darcy, Boettger, David, Borrill, Julian, Chapman, Scott, Chinone, Yuji, Cukierman, Ari, Dobbs, Matt, Ducout, Anne, Dunner, Rolando, Elleflot, Tucker, Errard, Josquin, Fabbian, Giulio, Feeney, Stephen, Feng, Chang, Gilbert, Adam, Goeckner-Wald, Neil, Groh, John, Hall, Grantland, Halverson, Nils W., Hasegawa, Masaya, Hattori, Kaori, Hazumi, Masashi, Hill, Charles, Holzapfel, William L., Hori, Yasuto, Howe, Logan, Inoue, Yuki, Jaehnig, Gregory C., Jaffe, Andrew H., Jeong, Oliver, Katayama, Nobuhiko, Kaufman, Jonathan P., Keating, Brian, Kermish, Zigmund, Keskitalo, Reijo, Kisner, Theodore, Kusaka, Akito, Le Jeune, Maude, Lee, Adrian T., Leitch, Erik M., Leon, David, Li, Yun, Linder, Eric, Lowry, Lindsay, Matsuda, Frederick, Matsumura, Tomotake, Miller, Nathan, Montgomery, Josh, Myers, Michael J., Navaroli, Martin, Nishino, Haruki, Okamura, Takahiro, Paar, Hans, Peloton, Julien, Pogosian, Levon, Poletti, Davide, Puglisi, Giuseppe, Raum, Christopher, Rebeiz, Gabriel, Reichardt, Christian L., Richards, Paul L., Ross, Colin, Rotermund, Kaja M., Schenck, David E., Sherwin, Blake D., Shimon, Meir, Shirley, Ian, Siritanasak, Praween, Smecher, Graeme, Stebor, Nathan, Steinbach, Bryan, Suzuki, Aritoki, Suzuki, Jun-ichi, Tajima, Osamu, Takakura, Satoru, Tikhomirov, Alexei, Tomaru, Takayuki, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wilson, Brandon, Yadav, Amit, Zahn, Alex, and Zahn, Oliver. POLARBEAR constraints on cosmic birefringence and primordial magnetic fields. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.123509.
Ade, Peter A. R., Arnold, Kam, Atlas, Matt, Baccigalupi, Carlo, Barron, Darcy, Boettger, David, Borrill, Julian, Chapman, Scott, Chinone, Yuji, Cukierman, Ari, Dobbs, Matt, Ducout, Anne, Dunner, Rolando, Elleflot, Tucker, Errard, Josquin, Fabbian, Giulio, Feeney, Stephen, Feng, Chang, Gilbert, Adam, Goeckner-Wald, Neil, Groh, John, Hall, Grantland, Halverson, Nils W., Hasegawa, Masaya, Hattori, Kaori, Hazumi, Masashi, Hill, Charles, Holzapfel, William L., Hori, Yasuto, Howe, Logan, Inoue, Yuki, Jaehnig, Gregory C., Jaffe, Andrew H., Jeong, Oliver, Katayama, Nobuhiko, Kaufman, Jonathan P., Keating, Brian, Kermish, Zigmund, Keskitalo, Reijo, Kisner, Theodore, Kusaka, Akito, Le Jeune, Maude, Lee, Adrian T., Leitch, Erik M., Leon, David, Li, Yun, Linder, Eric, Lowry, Lindsay, Matsuda, Frederick, Matsumura, Tomotake, Miller, Nathan, Montgomery, Josh, Myers, Michael J., Navaroli, Martin, Nishino, Haruki, Okamura, Takahiro, Paar, Hans, Peloton, Julien, Pogosian, Levon, Poletti, Davide, Puglisi, Giuseppe, Raum, Christopher, Rebeiz, Gabriel, Reichardt, Christian L., Richards, Paul L., Ross, Colin, Rotermund, Kaja M., Schenck, David E., Sherwin, Blake D., Shimon, Meir, Shirley, Ian, Siritanasak, Praween, Smecher, Graeme, Stebor, Nathan, Steinbach, Bryan, Suzuki, Aritoki, Suzuki, Jun-ichi, Tajima, Osamu, Takakura, Satoru, Tikhomirov, Alexei, Tomaru, Takayuki, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wilson, Brandon, Yadav, Amit, Zahn, Alex, & Zahn, Oliver. POLARBEAR constraints on cosmic birefringence and primordial magnetic fields. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.123509.
Ade, Peter A. R., Arnold, Kam, Atlas, Matt, Baccigalupi, Carlo, Barron, Darcy, Boettger, David, Borrill, Julian, Chapman, Scott, Chinone, Yuji, Cukierman, Ari, Dobbs, Matt, Ducout, Anne, Dunner, Rolando, Elleflot, Tucker, Errard, Josquin, Fabbian, Giulio, Feeney, Stephen, Feng, Chang, Gilbert, Adam, Goeckner-Wald, Neil, Groh, John, Hall, Grantland, Halverson, Nils W., Hasegawa, Masaya, Hattori, Kaori, Hazumi, Masashi, Hill, Charles, Holzapfel, William L., Hori, Yasuto, Howe, Logan, Inoue, Yuki, Jaehnig, Gregory C., Jaffe, Andrew H., Jeong, Oliver, Katayama, Nobuhiko, Kaufman, Jonathan P., Keating, Brian, Kermish, Zigmund, Keskitalo, Reijo, Kisner, Theodore, Kusaka, Akito, Le Jeune, Maude, Lee, Adrian T., Leitch, Erik M., Leon, David, Li, Yun, Linder, Eric, Lowry, Lindsay, Matsuda, Frederick, Matsumura, Tomotake, Miller, Nathan, Montgomery, Josh, Myers, Michael J., Navaroli, Martin, Nishino, Haruki, Okamura, Takahiro, Paar, Hans, Peloton, Julien, Pogosian, Levon, Poletti, Davide, Puglisi, Giuseppe, Raum, Christopher, Rebeiz, Gabriel, Reichardt, Christian L., Richards, Paul L., Ross, Colin, Rotermund, Kaja M., Schenck, David E., Sherwin, Blake D., Shimon, Meir, Shirley, Ian, Siritanasak, Praween, Smecher, Graeme, Stebor, Nathan, Steinbach, Bryan, Suzuki, Aritoki, Suzuki, Jun-ichi, Tajima, Osamu, Takakura, Satoru, Tikhomirov, Alexei, Tomaru, Takayuki, Whitehorn, Nathan, Wilson, Brandon, Yadav, Amit, Zahn, Alex, and Zahn, Oliver. 2015. "POLARBEAR constraints on cosmic birefringence and primordial magnetic fields". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.123509. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393000.
@article{osti_1393000,
title = {POLARBEAR constraints on cosmic birefringence and primordial magnetic fields},
author = {Ade, Peter A. R. and Arnold, Kam and Atlas, Matt and Baccigalupi, Carlo and Barron, Darcy and Boettger, David and Borrill, Julian and Chapman, Scott and Chinone, Yuji and Cukierman, Ari and Dobbs, Matt and Ducout, Anne and Dunner, Rolando and Elleflot, Tucker and Errard, Josquin and Fabbian, Giulio and Feeney, Stephen and Feng, Chang and Gilbert, Adam and Goeckner-Wald, Neil and Groh, John and Hall, Grantland and Halverson, Nils W. and Hasegawa, Masaya and Hattori, Kaori and Hazumi, Masashi and Hill, Charles and Holzapfel, William L. and Hori, Yasuto and Howe, Logan and Inoue, Yuki and Jaehnig, Gregory C. and Jaffe, Andrew H. and Jeong, Oliver and Katayama, Nobuhiko and Kaufman, Jonathan P. and Keating, Brian and Kermish, Zigmund and Keskitalo, Reijo and Kisner, Theodore and Kusaka, Akito and Le Jeune, Maude and Lee, Adrian T. and Leitch, Erik M. and Leon, David and Li, Yun and Linder, Eric and Lowry, Lindsay and Matsuda, Frederick and Matsumura, Tomotake and Miller, Nathan and Montgomery, Josh and Myers, Michael J. and Navaroli, Martin and Nishino, Haruki and Okamura, Takahiro and Paar, Hans and Peloton, Julien and Pogosian, Levon and Poletti, Davide and Puglisi, Giuseppe and Raum, Christopher and Rebeiz, Gabriel and Reichardt, Christian L. and Richards, Paul L. and Ross, Colin and Rotermund, Kaja M. and Schenck, David E. and Sherwin, Blake D. and Shimon, Meir and Shirley, Ian and Siritanasak, Praween and Smecher, Graeme and Stebor, Nathan and Steinbach, Bryan and Suzuki, Aritoki and Suzuki, Jun-ichi and Tajima, Osamu and Takakura, Satoru and Tikhomirov, Alexei and Tomaru, Takayuki and Whitehorn, Nathan and Wilson, Brandon and Yadav, Amit and Zahn, Alex and Zahn, Oliver},
abstractNote = {Here, we constrain anisotropic cosmic birefringence using four-point correlations of even-parity E-mode and odd-parity B-mode polarization in the cosmic microwave background measurements made by the POLARization of the Background Radiation (POLARBEAR) experiment in its first season of observations. We find that the anisotropic cosmic birefringence signal from any parity-violating processes is consistent with zero. The Faraday rotation from anisotropic cosmic birefringence can be compared with the equivalent quantity generated by primordial magnetic fields if they existed. The POLARBEAR nondetection translates into a 95% confidence level (C.L.) upper limit of 93 nanogauss (nG) on the amplitude of an equivalent primordial magnetic field inclusive of systematic uncertainties. This four-point correlation constraint on Faraday rotation is about 15 times tighter than the upper limit of 1380 nG inferred from constraining the contribution of Faraday rotation to two-point correlations of B-modes measured by Planck in 2015. Metric perturbations sourced by primordial magnetic fields would also contribute to the B-mode power spectrum. Using the POLARBEAR measurements of the B-mode power spectrum (two-point correlation), we set a 95% C.L. upper limit of 3.9 nG on primordial magnetic fields assuming a flat prior on the field amplitude. This limit is comparable to what was found in the Planck 2015 two-point correlation analysis with both temperature and polarization. Finally, we perform a set of systematic error tests and find no evidence for contamination. This work marks the first time that anisotropic cosmic birefringence or primordial magnetic fields have been constrained from the ground at subdegree scales.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.92.123509},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology},
number = 12,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}