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Title: Boron Filled Siloxane Polymers for Radiation Shielding

Abstract

The purpose of the present work was to evaluate changes to structure-property relationships of 10B filled siloxane-based polymers when exposed to nuclear reactor radiation. Highly filled polysiloxanes were synthesized with the intent of fabricating materials that could shield high neutron fluences. The newly formulated materials consisted of cross-linked poly-diphenyl-methylsiloxane filled with natural boron and carbon nanofibers. This polymer was chosen because of its good thermal and chemical stabilities, as well as resistance to ionizing radiation thanks to the presence of aromatic groups in the siloxane backbone. Highly isotopically enriched 10B filler was used to provide an efficient neutron radiation shield, and carbon nanofibers were added to improve mechanical strength. This novel polymeric material was exposed in the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) at Sandia National Labs to five different neutron/gamma fluxes consisting of very high neutron fluences within very short time periods. Thermocouples placed on the specimens recorded in-situ temperature changes during radiation exposure, which agreed well with those obtained from our MCNP simulations. Changes in the microstructural, thermal, chemical, and mechanical properties were evaluated by SEM, DSC, TGA, FT-IR NMR, solvent swelling, and uniaxial compressive load measurements. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that these newly formulated materials are well-suitablemore » to be used in applications that require exposure to different types of ionizing conditions that take place simultaneously.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Honneywell, Kansas City, MO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1392810
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1549914
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22849
Journal ID: ISSN 0969-806X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Radiation Physics and Chemistry (1993)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Radiation Physics and Chemistry (1993); Journal Volume: 144; Journal ID: ISSN 0969-806X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Labouriau, Andrea, Robison, Tom, Shonrock, Clinton Otto, Simmonds, Steven Michael, Pacheco, Adam Nicholas, Cox, Brad, and Cady, Carl Mcelhinney. Boron Filled Siloxane Polymers for Radiation Shielding. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.08.027.
Labouriau, Andrea, Robison, Tom, Shonrock, Clinton Otto, Simmonds, Steven Michael, Pacheco, Adam Nicholas, Cox, Brad, & Cady, Carl Mcelhinney. Boron Filled Siloxane Polymers for Radiation Shielding. United States. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.08.027.
Labouriau, Andrea, Robison, Tom, Shonrock, Clinton Otto, Simmonds, Steven Michael, Pacheco, Adam Nicholas, Cox, Brad, and Cady, Carl Mcelhinney. Fri . "Boron Filled Siloxane Polymers for Radiation Shielding". United States. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.08.027. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1392810.
@article{osti_1392810,
title = {Boron Filled Siloxane Polymers for Radiation Shielding},
author = {Labouriau, Andrea and Robison, Tom and Shonrock, Clinton Otto and Simmonds, Steven Michael and Pacheco, Adam Nicholas and Cox, Brad and Cady, Carl Mcelhinney},
abstractNote = {The purpose of the present work was to evaluate changes to structure-property relationships of 10B filled siloxane-based polymers when exposed to nuclear reactor radiation. Highly filled polysiloxanes were synthesized with the intent of fabricating materials that could shield high neutron fluences. The newly formulated materials consisted of cross-linked poly-diphenyl-methylsiloxane filled with natural boron and carbon nanofibers. This polymer was chosen because of its good thermal and chemical stabilities, as well as resistance to ionizing radiation thanks to the presence of aromatic groups in the siloxane backbone. Highly isotopically enriched 10B filler was used to provide an efficient neutron radiation shield, and carbon nanofibers were added to improve mechanical strength. This novel polymeric material was exposed in the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) at Sandia National Labs to five different neutron/gamma fluxes consisting of very high neutron fluences within very short time periods. Thermocouples placed on the specimens recorded in-situ temperature changes during radiation exposure, which agreed well with those obtained from our MCNP simulations. Changes in the microstructural, thermal, chemical, and mechanical properties were evaluated by SEM, DSC, TGA, FT-IR NMR, solvent swelling, and uniaxial compressive load measurements. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that these newly formulated materials are well-suitable to be used in applications that require exposure to different types of ionizing conditions that take place simultaneously.},
doi = {10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.08.027},
journal = {Radiation Physics and Chemistry (1993)},
number = ,
volume = 144,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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