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Title: Cost-Effective and Ecofriendly Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Management

In this study we explore two charging management schemes for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The PHEV drivers and the government were stakeholders who might have preferred different charging control strategies. For the former, a proposed controlled charging scheme minimized the operational cost during PHEV charge-depleting and sustaining modes. For the latter, the research minimized monetized carbon dioxide emissions from electricity generation for the PHEVs charging, as well as tailpipe emissions for the portion of PHEV trips fueled by gasoline. Hourly driving patterns and electricity data were leveraged. Both were representative of each of the eight North American Electric Reliability Corporation regions to examine the results of the proposed schemes. The model accounted for drivers' activity patterns and charging availability spatial and temporal heterogeneity. The optimal charging profiles confirmed the differing nature of the objectives of PHEV drivers and the government; cost-effective charge should occur early in the morning, while ecofriendly charge should be late in the afternoon. Each control's trade-offs between operation cost and emission savings are discussed for each North American Electric Reliability Corporation region. The availability of workplace and public charging was found to affect the optimal charging profiles greatly. Charging control is more efficient for driversmore » and government when PHEVs have greater electric range.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Transportation and Hydrogen Systems Center; Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Civil and Coastal Engineering
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Civil and Coastal Engineering
  3. Shanghai Maritime Univ., Shanghai (China). College of Transport and Communications
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-68509
Journal ID: ISSN 0361-1981
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Transportation Research Record
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2628; Journal ID: ISSN 0361-1981
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; PHEV; charging management; charging control; electric vehicle charging
OSTI Identifier:
1392772