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Title: The low temperature oxidation of lithium thin films on HOPG by O 2 and H 2O

Lithiated graphite and lithium thin films have been used in fusion devices. In this environment, lithiated graphite will undergo oxidation by background gases. In order to gain insight into this oxidation process, thin (< 15 monolayer (ML)) lithium films on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) were exposed in this paper to O 2(g) and H 2O (g) in an ultra-high vacuum chamber. High resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) was used to identify the surface species formed during O 2(g) and H 2O (g) exposure. Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) was used to obtain the relative oxidation rates during O 2(g) and H 2O (g) exposure. AES showed that as the lithium film thickness decreased from 15 to 5 to 1 ML, the oxidation rate decreased for both O 2(g) and H 2O (g). HREELS showed that a 15 ML lithium film was fully oxidized after 9.7 L (L) of O 2(g) exposure and Li 2O was formed. HREELS also showed that during initial exposure (< 0.5 L) H 2O (g), lithium hydride and lithium hydroxide were formed on the surface of a 15 ML lithium film. Finally, after 0.5 L of H 2O (g) exposure, the H 2O (g) beganmore » to physisorb, and after 15 L of H 2O (g) exposure, the 15 ML lithium film was not fully oxidized.« less
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  1. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Surface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 651; Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028
Research Org:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; lithium thin films; oxidation; adsorption; lithiated graphite
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1324349