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Title: Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water

Abstract

Summertime aerosol optical thickness (AOT) over the southeast U.S. is sharply enhanced over wintertime values. This seasonal pattern is unique and of particular interest because temperatures there have not warmed over the past 100 years. Patterns in surface fine particle mass are inconsistent with satellite reported AOT. In this work, we attempt to reconcile the spatial and temporal distribution of AOT over the U.S. with particle mass measurements at the surface by examining trends in aerosol liquid water (ALW), a particle constituent that scatters radiation and affects satellite AOT but is removed in mass measurements at routine surface monitoring sites. Herein, we employ the thermodynamic model ISORROPIAv2.1 to estimate ALW mass concentrations at Interagency Monitoring of PROtected Visual Environments sites using measured ion mass concentrations and North American Regional Reanalysis meteorological data. Excellent agreement between Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations AOT and estimated ALW provides a plausible explanation for the discrepancies in the geographical patterns of AOT and aerosol mass measurements.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USEPA; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Contributing Org.:
Atmospheric System Research
OSTI Identifier:
1392096
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; R835041; AGS-1242155; AGS-1445831
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; IMPROVE; aerosol liquid water; aerosol optical thickness; hygroscopicity; organic aerosol; particulate matter; PM2.5

Citation Formats

Nguyen, Thien Khoi V., Ghate, Virendra P., and Carlton, Annmarie G. Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016GL070994.
Nguyen, Thien Khoi V., Ghate, Virendra P., & Carlton, Annmarie G. Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water. United States. doi:10.1002/2016GL070994.
Nguyen, Thien Khoi V., Ghate, Virendra P., and Carlton, Annmarie G. Sat . "Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water". United States. doi:10.1002/2016GL070994. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1392096.
@article{osti_1392096,
title = {Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water},
author = {Nguyen, Thien Khoi V. and Ghate, Virendra P. and Carlton, Annmarie G.},
abstractNote = {Summertime aerosol optical thickness (AOT) over the southeast U.S. is sharply enhanced over wintertime values. This seasonal pattern is unique and of particular interest because temperatures there have not warmed over the past 100 years. Patterns in surface fine particle mass are inconsistent with satellite reported AOT. In this work, we attempt to reconcile the spatial and temporal distribution of AOT over the U.S. with particle mass measurements at the surface by examining trends in aerosol liquid water (ALW), a particle constituent that scatters radiation and affects satellite AOT but is removed in mass measurements at routine surface monitoring sites. Herein, we employ the thermodynamic model ISORROPIAv2.1 to estimate ALW mass concentrations at Interagency Monitoring of PROtected Visual Environments sites using measured ion mass concentrations and North American Regional Reanalysis meteorological data. Excellent agreement between Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations AOT and estimated ALW provides a plausible explanation for the discrepancies in the geographical patterns of AOT and aerosol mass measurements.},
doi = {10.1002/2016GL070994},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 22,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}

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