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Title: Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research

Abstract

X-ray scattering is a structural characterization tool that has impacted diverse fields of study. It is unique in its ability to examine materials in real time and under realistic sample environments, enabling researchers to understand morphology at nanometer and ångström length scales using complementary small and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS, WAXS), respectively. Herein, we focus on the use of SAXS to examine nanoscale particulate systems. We provide a theoretical foundation for X-ray scattering, considering both form factor and structure factor, as well as the use of correlation functions, which may be used to determine a particle’s size, size distribution, shape, and organization into hierarchal structures. The theory is expanded upon with contemporary use cases. Both transmission and reflection (grazing incidence) geometries are addressed, as well the combination of SAXS with other X-ray and non-X ray characterization tools. Furthermore, we conclude with an examination of several key areas of research where X-rays scattering has played a pivotal role, including in situ nanoparticle synthesis, nanoparticle assembly, and in operando studies of catalysts and energy storage materials. Throughout this review we highlight the unique capabilities of X-ray scattering for structural characterization of materials in their native environment.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1391950
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2665
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; SAXS; nanoparticle

Citation Formats

Li, Tao, Senesi, Andrew J., and Lee, Byeongdu. Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00690.
Li, Tao, Senesi, Andrew J., & Lee, Byeongdu. Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00690.
Li, Tao, Senesi, Andrew J., and Lee, Byeongdu. Thu . "Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00690. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1391950.
@article{osti_1391950,
title = {Small Angle X-ray Scattering for Nanoparticle Research},
author = {Li, Tao and Senesi, Andrew J. and Lee, Byeongdu},
abstractNote = {X-ray scattering is a structural characterization tool that has impacted diverse fields of study. It is unique in its ability to examine materials in real time and under realistic sample environments, enabling researchers to understand morphology at nanometer and ångström length scales using complementary small and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS, WAXS), respectively. Herein, we focus on the use of SAXS to examine nanoscale particulate systems. We provide a theoretical foundation for X-ray scattering, considering both form factor and structure factor, as well as the use of correlation functions, which may be used to determine a particle’s size, size distribution, shape, and organization into hierarchal structures. The theory is expanded upon with contemporary use cases. Both transmission and reflection (grazing incidence) geometries are addressed, as well the combination of SAXS with other X-ray and non-X ray characterization tools. Furthermore, we conclude with an examination of several key areas of research where X-rays scattering has played a pivotal role, including in situ nanoparticle synthesis, nanoparticle assembly, and in operando studies of catalysts and energy storage materials. Throughout this review we highlight the unique capabilities of X-ray scattering for structural characterization of materials in their native environment.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00690},
journal = {Chemical Reviews},
number = 18,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Monitoring Nanocrystal Self‐Assembly in Real Time Using In Situ Small‐Angle X‐Ray Scattering
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  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201902859

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  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp04658e

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  • Gommes, Cedric J.; Asset, Tristan; Drnec, Jakub
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  • Filez, Matthias; Redekop, Evgeniy A.; Dendooven, Jolien
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 131, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201902859

In Situ Synchrotron X-ray Characterization Shining Light on the Nucleation and Growth Kinetics of Colloidal Nanoparticles
journal, April 2019

  • Wu, Siyu; Li, Mingrui; Sun, Yugang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201900690

Formation and Functioning of Bimetallic Nanocatalysts: The Power of X-ray Probes
journal, July 2019

  • Filez, Matthias; Redekop, Evgeniy A.; Dendooven, Jolien
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201902859

Monitoring Nanocrystal Self‐Assembly in Real Time Using In Situ Small‐Angle X‐Ray Scattering
journal, April 2019


Kinetics of pressure-induced nanocrystal superlattice formation
journal, January 2019

  • Lehmkühler, Felix; Schroer, Martin A.; Markmann, Verena
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp04658e

In situ small-angle X-ray scattering environment for studying nanocrystal self-assembly upon controlled solvent evaporation
journal, March 2019

  • Lokteva, I.; Walther, M.; Koof, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5082685

Organic–mineral interfacial chemistry drives heterogeneous nucleation of Sr-rich (Ba x , Sr 1− x )SO 4 from undersaturated solution
journal, May 2019

  • Deng, Ning; Stack, Andrew G.; Weber, Juliane
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1821065116

Recent applications of synchrotron radiation and neutrons in the study of soft matter
journal, February 2017


Small-angle scattering by supported nanoparticles: exact results and useful approximations
journal, April 2019

  • Gommes, Cedric J.; Asset, Tristan; Drnec, Jakub
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 52, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/s1600576719003935

Reversible rearrangement of magnetic nanoparticles in solution studied using time-resolved SAXS method
journal, June 2019


Structure and Stability of PEG- and Mixed PEG-Layer-Coated Nanoparticles at High Particle Concentrations Studied In Situ by Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering
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  • Schulz, Florian; Möller, Johannes; Lehmkühler, Felix
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