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Title: Modeling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States

Abstract

Here, the export of wood pellets from the southeastern United States (USA) has grown significantly in recent years, following rising demand from Europe. Increased wood pellet demand could lead to spatially variable changes in timberland management and area in the USA. This study presents an assessment of the impacts of increasing wood pellet demand (an additional 11.6 Mt by 2030) on land–use dynamics, taking into account developments in other wood product markets as well as expected changes in other land uses. An economic model for the forest sector of the southeastern USA (SRTS) was linked to a land–use change model (PLUC) to identify potential locations of land–use change following scenarios of demand for pellets and other wood products. Projections show that in the absence of additional demand for wood pellets, natural timberland area is projected to decline by 450–15 000 km 2 by 2030, mainly through urbanization and pine plantation establishment. Under the high wood pellet demand scenario, more (2000–7500 km 2) natural timberland area is retained and more (8000–20 000 km 2) pine plantation is established. Shifts from natural timberland to pine plantation occur predominantly in the Atlantic coastal region. Future work will assess the impact of projected transitionsmore » in natural timberland and pine plantations on biodiversity and carbon storage. This modeling framework can be applied for multiple scenarios and land–use projections to identify locations of timberland area changes for the whole southeastern USA, thereby informing the debate about potential impacts of wood pellet demand on land–use dynamics and environmental services.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (Netherlands)
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1390375
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1390378; OSTI ID: 1468272
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; DE‐AC05‐00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; wood pellets; bioenergy; land‐use change; spatial variation; modeling; southeastern USA

Citation Formats

Duden, Anna S., Verweij, Pita A., Junginger, H. Martin, Abt, Robert C., Henderson, Jesse D., Dale, Virginia H., Kline, Keith L., Karssenberg, Derek, Verstegen, Judith A., Faaij, André P. C., and van der Hilst, Floor. Modeling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.1803.
Duden, Anna S., Verweij, Pita A., Junginger, H. Martin, Abt, Robert C., Henderson, Jesse D., Dale, Virginia H., Kline, Keith L., Karssenberg, Derek, Verstegen, Judith A., Faaij, André P. C., & van der Hilst, Floor. Modeling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1803.
Duden, Anna S., Verweij, Pita A., Junginger, H. Martin, Abt, Robert C., Henderson, Jesse D., Dale, Virginia H., Kline, Keith L., Karssenberg, Derek, Verstegen, Judith A., Faaij, André P. C., and van der Hilst, Floor. Thu . "Modeling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1803.
@article{osti_1390375,
title = {Modeling the impacts of wood pellet demand on forest dynamics in southeastern United States},
author = {Duden, Anna S. and Verweij, Pita A. and Junginger, H. Martin and Abt, Robert C. and Henderson, Jesse D. and Dale, Virginia H. and Kline, Keith L. and Karssenberg, Derek and Verstegen, Judith A. and Faaij, André P. C. and van der Hilst, Floor},
abstractNote = {Here, the export of wood pellets from the southeastern United States (USA) has grown significantly in recent years, following rising demand from Europe. Increased wood pellet demand could lead to spatially variable changes in timberland management and area in the USA. This study presents an assessment of the impacts of increasing wood pellet demand (an additional 11.6 Mt by 2030) on land–use dynamics, taking into account developments in other wood product markets as well as expected changes in other land uses. An economic model for the forest sector of the southeastern USA (SRTS) was linked to a land–use change model (PLUC) to identify potential locations of land–use change following scenarios of demand for pellets and other wood products. Projections show that in the absence of additional demand for wood pellets, natural timberland area is projected to decline by 450–15 000 km2 by 2030, mainly through urbanization and pine plantation establishment. Under the high wood pellet demand scenario, more (2000–7500 km2) natural timberland area is retained and more (8000–20 000 km2) pine plantation is established. Shifts from natural timberland to pine plantation occur predominantly in the Atlantic coastal region. Future work will assess the impact of projected transitions in natural timberland and pine plantations on biodiversity and carbon storage. This modeling framework can be applied for multiple scenarios and land–use projections to identify locations of timberland area changes for the whole southeastern USA, thereby informing the debate about potential impacts of wood pellet demand on land–use dynamics and environmental services.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1803},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
number = 6,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1803

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Cited by: 5 works
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