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Title: Modeling CO 2 emissions from A rctic lakes: Model development and site‐level study

Abstract

Recent studies indicated that Arctic lakes play an important role in receiving, processing, and storing organic carbon exported from terrestrial ecosystems. To quantify the contribution of Arctic lakes to the global carbon cycle, we developed a one-dimensional process-based Arctic Lake Biogeochemistry Model (ALBM) that explicitly simulates the dynamics of organic and inorganic carbon in Arctic lakes. By realistically modeling water mixing, carbon biogeochemistry, and permafrost carbon loading, the model can reproduce the seasonal variability of CO 2 fluxes from the study Arctic lakes. The simulated area-weighted CO 2 fluxes from yedoma thermokarst lakes, nonyedoma thermokarst lakes, and glacial lakes are 29.5, 13.0, and 21.4 g C m -2 yr -1, respectively, close to the observed values (31.2, 17.2, and 16.5 ± 7.7 g C m -2 yr -1, respectively). The simulations show that the high CO 2 fluxes from yedoma thermokarst lakes are stimulated by the biomineralization of mobilized labile organic carbon from thawing yedoma permafrost. The simulations also imply that the relative contribution of glacial lakes to the global carbon cycle could be the largest because of their much larger surface area and high biomineralization and carbon loading. According to the model, sunlight-induced organic carbon degradation is more importantmore » for shallow nonyedoma thermokarst lakes but its overall contribution to the global carbon cycle could be limited. Overall, the ALBM can simulate the whole-lake carbon balance of Arctic lakes, a difficult task for field and laboratory experiments and other biogeochemistry models.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary SciencesPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette Indiana USA, Now at Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichland Washington USA
  2. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary SciencesPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette Indiana USA, Department of AgronomyPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette Indiana USA
  3. Department of Environmental and Biological ScienceUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopio Finland
  4. Department of Environmental Systems ScienceETH ZurichZurich Switzerland
  5. Water and Environmental Research Center, University of Alaska FairbanksFairbanks Alaska USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1390343
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1390344; OSTI ID: 1413514
Report Number(s):
[PNNL-SA-129018]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[DE‐FG02‐08ER64599; AC05-076RL01830; FG02-08ER64599; AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 5]; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Tan, Zeli, Zhuang, Qianlai, Shurpali, Narasinha J., Marushchak, Maija E., Biasi, Christina, Eugster, Werner, and Walter Anthony, Katey. Modeling CO 2 emissions from A rctic lakes: Model development and site‐level study. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017MS001028.
Tan, Zeli, Zhuang, Qianlai, Shurpali, Narasinha J., Marushchak, Maija E., Biasi, Christina, Eugster, Werner, & Walter Anthony, Katey. Modeling CO 2 emissions from A rctic lakes: Model development and site‐level study. United States. doi:10.1002/2017MS001028.
Tan, Zeli, Zhuang, Qianlai, Shurpali, Narasinha J., Marushchak, Maija E., Biasi, Christina, Eugster, Werner, and Walter Anthony, Katey. Thu . "Modeling CO 2 emissions from A rctic lakes: Model development and site‐level study". United States. doi:10.1002/2017MS001028.
@article{osti_1390343,
title = {Modeling CO 2 emissions from A rctic lakes: Model development and site‐level study},
author = {Tan, Zeli and Zhuang, Qianlai and Shurpali, Narasinha J. and Marushchak, Maija E. and Biasi, Christina and Eugster, Werner and Walter Anthony, Katey},
abstractNote = {Recent studies indicated that Arctic lakes play an important role in receiving, processing, and storing organic carbon exported from terrestrial ecosystems. To quantify the contribution of Arctic lakes to the global carbon cycle, we developed a one-dimensional process-based Arctic Lake Biogeochemistry Model (ALBM) that explicitly simulates the dynamics of organic and inorganic carbon in Arctic lakes. By realistically modeling water mixing, carbon biogeochemistry, and permafrost carbon loading, the model can reproduce the seasonal variability of CO2 fluxes from the study Arctic lakes. The simulated area-weighted CO2 fluxes from yedoma thermokarst lakes, nonyedoma thermokarst lakes, and glacial lakes are 29.5, 13.0, and 21.4 g C m-2 yr-1, respectively, close to the observed values (31.2, 17.2, and 16.5 ± 7.7 g C m-2 yr-1, respectively). The simulations show that the high CO2 fluxes from yedoma thermokarst lakes are stimulated by the biomineralization of mobilized labile organic carbon from thawing yedoma permafrost. The simulations also imply that the relative contribution of glacial lakes to the global carbon cycle could be the largest because of their much larger surface area and high biomineralization and carbon loading. According to the model, sunlight-induced organic carbon degradation is more important for shallow nonyedoma thermokarst lakes but its overall contribution to the global carbon cycle could be limited. Overall, the ALBM can simulate the whole-lake carbon balance of Arctic lakes, a difficult task for field and laboratory experiments and other biogeochemistry models.},
doi = {10.1002/2017MS001028},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = [5],
volume = [9],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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DOI: 10.1002/2017MS001028

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journal, August 1986


Large contribution to inland water CO2 and CH4 emissions from very small ponds
journal, February 2016

  • Holgerson, Meredith A.; Raymond, Peter A.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2654

Biogeochemistry of organic carbon, CO2, CH4, and trace elements in thermokarst water bodies in discontinuous permafrost zones of Western Siberia
journal, September 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Minor contribution of small thaw ponds to the pools of carbon and methane in the inland waters of the permafrost-affected part of the Western Siberian Lowland
    journal, March 2018

    • Polishchuk, Y. M.; Bogdanov, A. N.; Muratov, I. N.
    • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aab046