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Title: Witnessing the growth of the nearest galaxy cluster: thermodynamics of the Virgo Cluster outskirts

Here, we present results from Suzaku Key Project observations of the Virgo Cluster, the nearest galaxy cluster to us, mapping its X-ray properties along four long ‘arms’ extending beyond the virial radius. The entropy profiles along all four azimuths increase with radius, then level out beyond ~0.5r 200, while the average pressure at large radii exceeds Planck Sunyaev–Zel'dovich measurements. These results can be explained by enhanced gas density fluctuations (clumping) in the cluster's outskirts. Using a standard Navarro, Frenk and White model, we estimate a virial mass, radius and concentration parameter of M 200 = 1.05 ± 0.02 × 10 14 M⊙, r 200 = 974.1 ± 5.7 kpc and c = 8.8 ± 0.2, respectively. The inferred cumulative baryon fraction exceeds the cosmic mean at r ~r 200 along the major axis, suggesting enhanced gas clumping possibly sourced by a candidate large-scale structure filament along the north–south direction. The Suzaku data reveal a large-scale sloshing pattern, with two new cold fronts detected at radii of 233 and 280 kpc along the western and southern arms, respectively. Two high-temperature regions are also identified 1 Mpc towards the south and 605 kpc towards the west of M87, likely representing shocks associatedmore » with the ongoing cluster growth. Although systematic uncertainties in measuring the metallicity for low-temperature plasma remain, the data at large radii appear consistent with a uniform metal distribution on scales of ~90 × 180 kpc and larger, providing additional support for the early chemical enrichment scenario driven by galactic winds at redshifts of 2–3.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Kanagawa (Japan)
  2. MTA-Eotvos Lorand Univ. Lendulet Hot Universe Research Group, Budapest (Hungary); Masaryk Univ., Brno (Czech Republic)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  4. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 469; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: individual: Virgo; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; X-rays: galaxies: clusters
OSTI Identifier: