skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend

Abstract

The challenge of continuous printing in high-efficiency large-area organic solar cells is a key limiting factor for their widespread adoption. We present a materials design concept for achieving large-area, solution-coated all-polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells with stable phase separation morphology between the donor and acceptor. The key concept lies in inhibiting strong crystallization of donor and acceptor polymers, thus forming intermixed, low crystallinity, and mostly amorphous blends. Based on experiments using donors and acceptors with different degree of crystallinity, the results show that microphase separated donor and acceptor domain sizes are inversely proportional to the crystallinity of the conjugated polymers. This particular methodology of using low crystallinity donors and acceptors has the added benefit of forming a consistent and robust morphology that is insensitive to different processing conditions, allowing one to easily scale up the printing process from a small-scale solution shearing coater to a large-scale continuous roll-to-roll (R2R) printer. Large-area all-polymer solar cells are continuously roll-to-roll slot die printed with power conversion efficiencies of 5%, with combined cell area up to 10 cm2. This is among the highest efficiencies realized with R2R-coated active layer organic materials on flexible substrate.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [3];  [6];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  3. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). College of Chemistry
  4. Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (China). Dept. of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration and Reconstruction
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource; Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (China). Dept. of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration and Reconstruction
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
  7. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
  8. Dresden Univ. of Technology (Germany). Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden
  9. Department of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration & Reconstruction, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Kowloon Hong Kong
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1390316
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401524; OSTI ID: 1425423
Grant/Contract Number:  
FOA-0000654-1588; N00014-14-1-0142; 6932623; SC0016523; AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; all-polymer solar cells; in situ X-ray scattering; organic solar cells; roll-to-roll processing; X-ray diffraction

Citation Formats

Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., and Bao, Zhenan. Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201602742.
Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., & Bao, Zhenan. Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201602742
Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., and Bao, Zhenan. Tue . "Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201602742. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1390316.
@article{osti_1390316,
title = {Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend},
author = {Gu, Xiaodan and Zhou, Yan and Gu, Kevin and Kurosawa, Tadanori and Guo, Yikun and Li, Yunke and Lin, Haoran and Schroeder, Bob C. and Yan, Hongping and Molina-Lopez, Francisco and Tassone, Christopher J. and Wang, Cheng and Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B. and Yan, He and Zhao, Dahui and Toney, Michael F. and Bao, Zhenan},
abstractNote = {The challenge of continuous printing in high-efficiency large-area organic solar cells is a key limiting factor for their widespread adoption. We present a materials design concept for achieving large-area, solution-coated all-polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells with stable phase separation morphology between the donor and acceptor. The key concept lies in inhibiting strong crystallization of donor and acceptor polymers, thus forming intermixed, low crystallinity, and mostly amorphous blends. Based on experiments using donors and acceptors with different degree of crystallinity, the results show that microphase separated donor and acceptor domain sizes are inversely proportional to the crystallinity of the conjugated polymers. This particular methodology of using low crystallinity donors and acceptors has the added benefit of forming a consistent and robust morphology that is insensitive to different processing conditions, allowing one to easily scale up the printing process from a small-scale solution shearing coater to a large-scale continuous roll-to-roll (R2R) printer. Large-area all-polymer solar cells are continuously roll-to-roll slot die printed with power conversion efficiencies of 5%, with combined cell area up to 10 cm2. This is among the highest efficiencies realized with R2R-coated active layer organic materials on flexible substrate.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201602742},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = 14,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 58 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Microstructure formation in molecular and polymer semiconductors assisted by nucleation agents
journal, June 2013

  • Treat, Neil D.; Nekuda Malik, Jennifer A.; Reid, Obadiah
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3655

Matrix Organization and Merit Factor Evaluation as a Method to Address the Challenge of Finding a Polymer Material for Roll Coated Polymer Solar Cells
journal, February 2015

  • Bundgaard, Eva; Livi, Francesco; Hagemann, Ole
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201402186

Quantification of Thin Film Crystallographic Orientation Using X-ray Diffraction with an Area Detector
journal, June 2010

  • Baker, Jessy L.; Jimison, Leslie H.; Mannsfeld, Stefan
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/la904840q

All-Polymer Solar Cell Performance Optimized via Systematic Molecular Weight Tuning of Both Donor and Acceptor Polymers
journal, January 2016

  • Zhou, Nanjia; Dudnik, Alexander S.; Li, Ting I. N. G.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b10735

High Performance All-Polymer Solar Cells by Synergistic Effects of Fine-Tuned Crystallinity and Solvent Annealing
journal, August 2016

  • Li, Zhaojun; Xu, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Wei
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b04822

Some unique features of polymer crystallisation
journal, January 2014


Morphological control and performance improvement of organic photovoltaic layer of roll-to-roll coated polymer solar cells
journal, June 2016


Understanding the Morphology of PTB7:PCBM Blends in Organic Photovoltaics
journal, October 2013

  • Liu, Feng; Zhao, Wei; Tumbleston, John R.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201301377

P3HT/PCBM Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics: Correlating Efficiency and Morphology
journal, February 2011

  • Chen, Dian; Nakahara, Atsuhiro; Wei, Dongguang
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 2, p. 561-567
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl103482n

Molecular Order in High-Efficiency Polymer/Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells
journal, September 2011

  • Hammond, Matthew R.; Kline, R. Joseph; Herzing, Andrew A.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn202951e

Efficient organic solar cells processed from hydrocarbon solvents
journal, January 2016


High Performance All-Polymer Solar Cell via Polymer Side-Chain Engineering
journal, March 2014


Tuning Local Molecular Orientation-Composition Correlations in Binary Organic Thin Films by Solution Shearing
journal, April 2015

  • Ma, Wei; Reinspach, Julia; Zhou, Yan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201500468

Modeling Branched Polyethylene:  Copolymers Possessing Precisely Placed Ethyl Branches
journal, September 2004

  • Sworen, John C.; Smith, Jason A.; Berg, Jessica M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja047850p

Correlating the Efficiency and Nanomorphology of Polymer Blend Solar Cells Utilizing Resonant Soft X-ray Scattering
journal, December 2011

  • Yan, Hongping; Collins, Brian A.; Gann, Eliot
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn204150f

Manipulation of Domain Purity and Orientational Ordering in High Performance All-Polymer Solar Cells
journal, August 2016


Quantitative Determination of Organic Semiconductor Microstructure from the Molecular to Device Scale
journal, June 2012

  • Rivnay, Jonathan; Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B.; Miller, Chad E.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr3001109

Calculation of the Kramers-Kronig transform of X-ray spectra by a piecewise Laurent polynomial method
journal, January 2014


Liquid-crystalline semiconducting polymers with high charge-carrier mobility
journal, March 2006

  • McCulloch, Iain; Heeney, Martin; Bailey, Clare
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1612

Making Ends Meet: Flow Synthesis as the Answer to Reproducible High-Performance Conjugated Polymers on the Scale that Roll-to-Roll Processing Demands
journal, February 2015

  • Helgesen, Martin; Carlé, Jon E.; dos Reis Benatto, Gisele A.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401996

Solar cells with one-day energy payback for the factories of the future
journal, January 2012

  • Espinosa, Nieves; Hösel, Markus; Angmo, Dechan
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02728J

Characterization of the morphology of solution-processed bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics
journal, December 2013


Photovoltaic materials: Present efficiencies and future challenges
journal, April 2016


Performance, morphology and photophysics of high open-circuit voltage, low band gap all-polymer solar cells
journal, January 2015

  • Deshmukh, Kedar D.; Qin, Tianshi; Gallaher, Joseph K.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE03059A

Relating Chemical Structure to Device Performance via Morphology Control in Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Low Band Gap Polymers
journal, December 2013

  • Liu, Feng; Wang, Cheng; Baral, Jayanta K.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja408923y

Roll-to-roll fabrication of polymer solar cells
journal, January 2012


25th Anniversary Article: Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: Understanding the Mechanism of Operation
journal, December 2013


Influence of blend microstructure on bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic performance
journal, January 2011

  • Brabec, Christoph J.; Heeney, Martin; McCulloch, Iain
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 40, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00045K

Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in PTB7:PC 71 BM Solar Cells
journal, October 2012

  • Collins, Brian A.; Li, Zhe; Tumbleston, John R.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200377

High-Performance All-Polymer Solar Cells Based on Face-On Stacked Polymer Blends with Low Interfacial Tension
journal, September 2014

  • Kang, Hyunbum; Kim, Ki-Hyun; Choi, Joonhyeong
  • ACS Macro Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/mz500415a

Effect of Regioregularity on Charge Transport and Structural and Excitonic Coherence in Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Nanowires
journal, June 2015

  • Mazzio, Katherine A.; Rice, Andrew H.; Durban, Mathew M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02914

7.7% Efficient All-Polymer Solar Cells
journal, July 2015

  • Hwang, Ye-Jin; Courtright, Brett A. E.; Ferreira, Amy S.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501604

Fullerene-Free Polymer Solar Cells with over 11% Efficiency and Excellent Thermal Stability
journal, April 2016

  • Zhao, Wenchao; Qian, Deping; Zhang, Shaoqing
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201600281

Reel-to-reel wet coating by variation of solvents and compounds of photoactive inks for polymer solar cell production
journal, December 2012


The impact of molecular weight on microstructure and charge transport in semicrystalline polymer semiconductors–poly(3-hexylthiophene), a model study
journal, December 2013


Comparison of the Morphology Development of Polymer-Fullerene and Polymer-Polymer Solar Cells during Solution-Shearing Blade Coating
journal, August 2016

  • Gu, Xiaodan; Yan, Hongping; Kurosawa, Tadanori
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201601225

Reverse gravure coating for roll-to-roll production of organic photovoltaics
journal, May 2016


Compact Roll-to-Roll Coater for in Situ X-ray Diffraction Characterization of Organic Electronics Printing
journal, January 2016

  • Gu, Xiaodan; Reinspach, Julia; Worfolk, Brian J.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09174

Miscibility, Crystallinity, and Phase Development in P3HT/PCBM Solar Cells: Toward an Enlightened Understanding of Device Morphology and Stability
journal, November 2011

  • Collins, Brian A.; Tumbleston, John R.; Ade, Harald
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz2014902

Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules
journal, January 2014

  • Andersen, Thomas R.; Dam, Henrik F.; Hösel, Markus
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01223B

Morphology changes upon scaling a high-efficiency, solution-processed solar cell
journal, January 2016

  • Ro, Hyun Wook; Downing, Jonathan M.; Engmann, Sebastian
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01623E

A general relationship between disorder, aggregation and charge transport in conjugated polymers
journal, August 2013

  • Noriega, Rodrigo; Rivnay, Jonathan; Vandewal, Koen
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3722

Roll-coating fabrication of flexible organic solar cells: comparison of fullerene and fullerene-free systems
journal, January 2016

  • Liu, Kuan; Larsen-Olsen, Thue Trofod; Lin, Yuze
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA07357J

Inverted Polymer Solar Cells Integrated with a Low-Temperature-Annealed Sol-Gel-Derived ZnO Film as an Electron Transport Layer
journal, February 2011

  • Sun, Yanming; Seo, Jung Hwa; Takacs, Christopher J.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 14, p. 1679-1683
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201004301

Aggregation and morphology control enables multiple cases of high-efficiency polymer solar cells
journal, November 2014

  • Liu, Yuhang; Zhao, Jingbo; Li, Zhengke
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6293

Polymer Blend Solar Cells Based on a High-Mobility Naphthalenediimide-Based Polymer Acceptor: Device Physics, Photophysics and Morphology
journal, February 2011

  • Moore, Jennifer R.; Albert-Seifried, Sebastian; Rao, Akshay
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201000035

Nika : software for two-dimensional data reduction
journal, March 2012


Polarized X-ray scattering reveals non-crystalline orientational ordering in organic films
journal, April 2012

  • Collins, B. A.; Cochran, J. E.; Yan, H.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3310

The Role of Regioregularity, Crystallinity, and Chain Orientation on Electron Transport in a High-Mobility n-Type Copolymer
journal, March 2014

  • Steyrleuthner, Robert; Di Pietro, Riccardo; Collins, Brian A.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4118736

25th Anniversary Article: Rise to Power - OPV-Based Solar Parks
journal, October 2013

  • Krebs, Frederik C.; Espinosa, Nieves; Hösel, Markus
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201302031

All-Polymer Solar Cells Based on Absorption-Complementary Polymer Donor and Acceptor with High Power Conversion Efficiency of 8.27%
journal, December 2015


Flow-enhanced solution printing of all-polymer solar cells
journal, August 2015

  • Diao, Ying; Zhou, Yan; Kurosawa, Tadanori
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8955

Improving the Operational Stability of PBDTTTz-4 Polymer Solar Cells Modules by Electrode Modification: Improving the Operational Stability of PBDTTTz-4 
journal, September 2015

  • Roth, Bérenger; A. dos Reis Benatto, Gisele; Corazza, Michael
  • Advanced Engineering Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/adem.201500361

Exciton Diffusion in Conjugated Polymers: From Fundamental Understanding to Improvement in Photovoltaic Conversion Efficiency
journal, August 2015

  • Tamai, Yasunari; Ohkita, Hideo; Benten, Hiroaki
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b01147

“Solvent Annealing” Effect in Polymer Solar Cells Based on Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and Methanofullerenes
journal, July 2007

  • Li, G.; Yao, Y.; Yang, H.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 10, p. 1636-1644
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200600624

Dependence of Regioregular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Film Morphology and Field-Effect Mobility on Molecular Weight
journal, April 2005

  • Kline, R. Joseph; McGehee, Michael D.; Kadnikova, Ekaterina N.
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 38, Issue 8, p. 3312-3319
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma047415f

Effects of Thermal Annealing Upon the Morphology of Polymer-Fullerene Blends
journal, August 2010

  • Verploegen, Eric; Mondal, Rajib; Bettinger, Christopher J.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201000975

A Vinylene-Bridged Perylenediimide-Based Polymeric Acceptor Enabling Efficient All-Polymer Solar Cells Processed under Ambient Conditions
journal, August 2016


Effect of Mesoscale Crystalline Structure on the Field-Effect Mobility of Regioregular Poly(3-hexyl thiophene) in Thin-Film Transistors
journal, April 2005


Interdiffusion of PCBM and P3HT Reveals Miscibility in a Photovoltaically Active Blend
journal, November 2010

  • Treat, Neil D.; Brady, Michael A.; Smith, Gordon
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 1, p. 82-89
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201000023

Efficiency enhancement in low-bandgap polymer solar cells by processing with alkane dithiols
journal, May 2007

  • Peet, J.; Kim, J. Y.; Coates, N. E.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 497-500
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1928

High-Efficiency All-Polymer Solar Cells Based on a Pair of Crystalline Low-Bandgap Polymers
journal, September 2014


Semitransparent OPV modules pass environmental chamber test requirements
journal, July 2013


Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: Morphology and Performance Relationships
journal, May 2014

  • Huang, Ye; Kramer, Edward J.; Heeger, Alan J.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr400353v

Manipulating the Morphology of P3HT–PCBM Bulk Heterojunction Blends with Solvent Vapor Annealing
journal, October 2012

  • Verploegen, Eric; Miller, Chad E.; Schmidt, Kristin
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm302312a

Correction: Corrigendum: Rh D blood group conversion using transcription activator-like effector nucleases
journal, October 2015

  • Kim, Young-Hoon; Kim, Hyun O.; Baek, Eun J.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9678

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Manipulating nanoscale structure to control functionality in printed organic photovoltaic, transistor and bioelectronic devices
    journal, December 2019

    • Griffith, Matthew J.; Holmes, Natalie P.; Elkington, Daniel C.
    • Nanotechnology, Vol. 31, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/ab57d0

    Critical review of the molecular design progress in non-fullerene electron acceptors towards commercially viable organic solar cells
    journal, January 2019

    • Wadsworth, Andrew; Moser, Maximilian; Marks, Adam
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 48, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cs00892a

    Room Temperature Processed Highly Efficient Large‐Area Polymer Solar Cells Achieved with Molecular Engineering of Copolymers
    journal, April 2019

    • Rasool, Shafket; Vu, Doan Van; Song, Chang Eun
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201900168

    Evaporation‐Free Nonfullerene Flexible Organic Solar Cell Modules Manufactured by An All‐Solution Process
    journal, September 2019

    • Han, Yong Woon; Jeon, Sung Jae; Lee, Hyoung Seok
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902065

    Hot slot die coating for additive-free fabrication of high performance roll-to-roll processed polymer solar cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Song, Seyeong; Lee, Kang Taek; Koh, Chang Woo
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee02221f

    Surpassing the 10% efficiency milestone for 1-cm2 all-polymer solar cells
    journal, September 2019


    Improving Performance of All‐Polymer Solar Cells Through Backbone Engineering of Both Donors and Acceptors
    journal, September 2018


    Highly-stable, green-solvent-processable organic thin-film transistors: angular- vs. linear-shaped carbazoledioxazine derivatives
    journal, January 2018

    • Wang, Yang; Tatsumi, Hiroki; Otsuka, Rikuo
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8tc01711e

    Photoactive Blend Morphology Engineering through Systematically Tuning Aggregation in All-Polymer Solar Cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Wang, Gang; Eastham, Nicholas D.; Aldrich, Thomas J.
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201702173

    Influence of perfluorinated ionomer in PEDOT:PSS on the rectification and degradation of organic photovoltaic cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Howells, Calvyn T.; Saylan, Sueda; Kim, Haeri
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta04098b

    Air-Processed, Stable Organic Solar Cells with High Power Conversion Efficiency of 7.41%
    journal, January 2019


    Imide‐Functionalized Polymer Semiconductors
    journal, December 2018

    • Sun, Huiliang; Wang, Lei; Wang, Yingfeng
    • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201803605

    Self-aligned capillarity-assisted printing of top-gate thin-film transistors on plastic
    journal, August 2018

    • Hyun, Woo Jin; Secor, Ethan B.; Zare Bidoky, Fazel
    • Flexible and Printed Electronics, Vol. 3, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1088/2058-8585/aad476

    The meniscus-guided deposition of semiconducting polymers
    journal, February 2018


    Efficiency above 12% for 1 cm 2 Flexible Organic Solar Cells with Ag/Cu Grid Transparent Conducting Electrode
    journal, September 2019


    All-polymer indoor photovoltaics with high open-circuit voltage
    journal, January 2019

    • Ding, Zicheng; Zhao, Ruyan; Yu, Yingjian
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 46
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta10040g

    Interface bonding engineering of a transparent conductive electrode towards highly efficient and mechanically flexible ITO-free organic solar cells
    journal, January 2019

    • Peng, Ruixiang; Song, Wei; Yan, Tingting
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02900a

    Synergistic effects of copolymerization and fluorination on acceptor polymers for efficient and stable all-polymer solar cells
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhang, Nan; Xu, Yunxiang; Zhou, Xiaobo
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc04766b

    Large‐Area Organic Solar Cells: Material Requirements, Modular Designs, and Printing Methods
    journal, December 2018

    • Wang, Guodong; Adil, Muhammad Abdullah; Zhang, Jianqi
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201805089

    All-Solution-Processed Metal-Oxide-Free Flexible Organic Solar Cells with Over 10% Efficiency
    journal, May 2018


    Visible to Near‐Infrared‐Absorbing Polymers Containing Bithiazole and 2,3‐Didodecyl‐6,7‐Difluoroquinoxaline Derivatives for Polymer Solar Cells
    journal, May 2019

    • Agneeswari, Rajalingam; Kong, MinSung; Lee, Jihoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, Vol. 40, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/bkcs.11752

    Understanding the Impact of Oligomeric Polystyrene Side Chain Arrangement on the All-Polymer Solar Cell Performance
    journal, September 2017

    • Kurosawa, Tadanori; Gu, Xiaodan; Gu, Kevin L.
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201701552

    Three-dimensional monolithic integration in flexible printed organic transistors
    journal, January 2019


    Aggregation‐Induced Multilength Scaled Morphology Enabling 11.76% Efficiency in All‐Polymer Solar Cells Using Printing Fabrication
    journal, August 2019


    Highly efficient and highly stable terpolymer-based all-polymer solar cells with broad complementary absorption and robust morphology
    journal, January 2018

    • Kim, Aesun; Park, Chang Geun; Park, Su Hong
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta01765d

    Blade-Cast Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells in Air with Excellent Morphology, Efficiency, and Stability
    journal, April 2018


    Revealing the Impact of F4-TCNQ as Additive on Morphology and Performance of High-Efficiency Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells
    journal, November 2018

    • Xiong, Yuan; Ye, Long; Gadisa, Abay
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201806262

    Building intermixed donor–acceptor architectures for water-processable organic photovoltaics
    journal, January 2019

    • Marks, Melissa; Holmes, Natalie P.; Sharma, Anirudh
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp07137c

    Polymer solar cell textiles with interlaced cathode and anode fibers
    journal, January 2018

    • Liu, Peng; Gao, Zhen; Xu, Limin
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta06510a

    Tuning the Molecular Weight of the Electron Accepting Polymer in All-Polymer Solar Cells: Impact on Morphology and Charge Generation
    journal, March 2018

    • Deshmukh, Kedar D.; Matsidik, Rukiya; Prasad, Shyamal K. K.
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201707185

    Scalable fabrication of organic solar cells based on non-fullerene acceptors
    journal, January 2020

    • Gertsen, Anders S.; Castro, Marcial Fernández; Søndergaard, Roar R.
    • Flexible and Printed Electronics, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/2058-8585/ab5f57

    Perovskite and Organic Solar Cells Fabricated by Inkjet Printing: Progress and Prospects
    journal, September 2017

    • Peng, Xiaojin; Yuan, Jian; Shen, Shirley
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703704

    Synthesis of Alkyl-Substituted Quinoxaline-Based Copolymers Along with Photophysical Property Modulation for Polymer Solar Cells
    journal, July 2018

    • Kang, Yeongkwon; Agneeswari, Rajalingam; Lee, Jihoon
    • Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 219, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1002/macp.201800117

    In Situ Analysis of Solvent and Additive Effects on Film Morphology Evolution in Spin-Cast Small-Molecule and Polymer Photovoltaic Materials
    journal, May 2018

    • Manley, Eric F.; Strzalka, Joseph; Fauvell, Thomas J.
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800611

    A General Approach for Lab‐to‐Manufacturing Translation on Flexible Organic Solar Cells
    journal, August 2019

    • Meng, Xiangchuan; Zhang, Lin; Xie, Yuanpeng
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201903649

    High Performance Roll‐to‐Roll Produced Fullerene‐Free Organic Photovoltaic Devices via Temperature‐Controlled Slot Die Coating
    journal, December 2018

    • Na, Seok‐In; Seo, You‐Hyun; Nah, Yoon‐Chae
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201805825

    All-Printed Solid-State Microsupercapacitors Derived from Self-Template Synthesis of Ag@PPy Nanocomposites
    journal, October 2017

    • Liu, Li; Lu, Qiang; Yang, Shuanglei
    • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 3, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201700206

    High-Performance Thick-Film All-Polymer Solar Cells Created Via Ternary Blending of a Novel Wide-Bandgap Electron-Donating Copolymer
    journal, February 2018

    • Fan, Baobing; Zhu, Peng; Xin, Jingming
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703085

    Influence of the aryl spacer in 2,5-dialkoxyphenylene and diaryl substituted thieno[3,4- c ]pyrrole-4,6-dione copolymers
    journal, January 2018

    • Pankow, Robert M.; Munteanu, John D.; Thompson, Barry C.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8tc00823j

    Slot‐Die and Roll‐to‐Roll Processed Single Junction Organic Photovoltaic Cells with the Highest Efficiency
    journal, August 2019

    • Lee, Jeongjoo; Seo, You‐Hyun; Kwon, Sung‐Nam
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 36
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201901805

    An A–D–A′–D–A type small molecule acceptor with wide absorption spectrum and near-infrared absorption
    journal, January 2018

    • Miao, Junhui; Wang, Junxia; Meng, Bin
    • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 2, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8qm00441b

    In Situ Structure Characterization in Slot‐Die‐Printed All‐Polymer Solar Cells with Efficiency Over 9%
    journal, May 2019


    In Situ Structure Characterization in Slot‐Die‐Printed All‐Polymer Solar Cells with Efficiency Over 9%
    journal, May 2019


    10 cm 2 nonfullerene solar cells with efficiency over 10% using H x MoO 3 -assisted growth of silver electrodes with a low threshold thickness of 4 nm
    journal, January 2020

    • Jiang, Xueshi; Sun, Lulu; Wang, Wen
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11939f

    A review of non-fullerene polymer solar cells: from device physics to morphology control
    journal, February 2019

    • Gurney, Robert S.; Lidzey, David G.; Wang, Tao
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/ab0530