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Title: Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend

Abstract

The challenge of continuous printing in high-efficiency large-area organic solar cells is a key limiting factor for their widespread adoption. We present a materials design concept for achieving large-area, solution-coated all-polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells with stable phase separation morphology between the donor and acceptor. The key concept lies in inhibiting strong crystallization of donor and acceptor polymers, thus forming intermixed, low crystallinity, and mostly amorphous blends. Based on experiments using donors and acceptors with different degree of crystallinity, the results show that microphase separated donor and acceptor domain sizes are inversely proportional to the crystallinity of the conjugated polymers. This particular methodology of using low crystallinity donors and acceptors has the added benefit of forming a consistent and robust morphology that is insensitive to different processing conditions, allowing one to easily scale up the printing process from a small-scale solution shearing coater to a large-scale continuous roll-to-roll (R2R) printer. Large-area all-polymer solar cells are continuously roll-to-roll slot die printed with power conversion efficiencies of 5%, with combined cell area up to 10 cm2. This is among the highest efficiencies realized with R2R-coated active layer organic materials on flexible substrate.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [3];  [6];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  3. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). College of Chemistry
  4. Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (China). Dept. of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration and Reconstruction
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource; Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (China). Dept. of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration and Reconstruction
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
  7. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
  8. Dresden Univ. of Technology (Germany). Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden
  9. Department of Chemistry and Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Tissue Restoration & Reconstruction, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Kowloon Hong Kong
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1390316
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401524
Grant/Contract Number:  
FOA-0000654-1588; N00014-14-1-0142; 6932623; SC0016523; AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., and Bao, Zhenan. Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602742.
Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., & Bao, Zhenan. Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602742.
Gu, Xiaodan, Zhou, Yan, Gu, Kevin, Kurosawa, Tadanori, Guo, Yikun, Li, Yunke, Lin, Haoran, Schroeder, Bob C., Yan, Hongping, Molina-Lopez, Francisco, Tassone, Christopher J., Wang, Cheng, Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B., Yan, He, Zhao, Dahui, Toney, Michael F., and Bao, Zhenan. Tue . "Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201602742. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1390316.
@article{osti_1390316,
title = {Roll-to-Roll Printed Large-Area All-Polymer Solar Cells with 5% Efficiency Based on a Low Crystallinity Conjugated Polymer Blend},
author = {Gu, Xiaodan and Zhou, Yan and Gu, Kevin and Kurosawa, Tadanori and Guo, Yikun and Li, Yunke and Lin, Haoran and Schroeder, Bob C. and Yan, Hongping and Molina-Lopez, Francisco and Tassone, Christopher J. and Wang, Cheng and Mannsfeld, Stefan C. B. and Yan, He and Zhao, Dahui and Toney, Michael F. and Bao, Zhenan},
abstractNote = {The challenge of continuous printing in high-efficiency large-area organic solar cells is a key limiting factor for their widespread adoption. We present a materials design concept for achieving large-area, solution-coated all-polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells with stable phase separation morphology between the donor and acceptor. The key concept lies in inhibiting strong crystallization of donor and acceptor polymers, thus forming intermixed, low crystallinity, and mostly amorphous blends. Based on experiments using donors and acceptors with different degree of crystallinity, the results show that microphase separated donor and acceptor domain sizes are inversely proportional to the crystallinity of the conjugated polymers. This particular methodology of using low crystallinity donors and acceptors has the added benefit of forming a consistent and robust morphology that is insensitive to different processing conditions, allowing one to easily scale up the printing process from a small-scale solution shearing coater to a large-scale continuous roll-to-roll (R2R) printer. Large-area all-polymer solar cells are continuously roll-to-roll slot die printed with power conversion efficiencies of 5%, with combined cell area up to 10 cm2. This is among the highest efficiencies realized with R2R-coated active layer organic materials on flexible substrate.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201602742},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = 14,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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