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Title: Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF 3 framework

Lithium (Li) metal is the ultimate solution for next-generation high–energy density batteries but is plagued from commercialization by infinite relative volume change, low Coulombic efficiency due to side reactions, and safety issues caused by dendrite growth. These hazardous issues are further aggravated under high current densities needed by the increasing demand for fast charging/discharging. We report a one-step fabricated Li/Al 4Li 9-LiF nanocomposite (LAFN) through an “overlithiation” process of a mesoporous AlF 3 framework, which can simultaneously mitigate the abovementioned problems. Reaction-produced Al 4Li 9-LiF nanoparticles serve as the ideal skeleton for Li metal infusion, helping to achieve a near-zero volume change during stripping/plating and suppressed dendrite growth. As a result, the LAFN electrode is capable of working properly under an ultrahigh current density of 20 mA cm –2 in symmetric cells and manifests highly improved rate capability with increased Coulombic efficiency in full cells. Here, the simple fabrication process and its remarkable electrochemical performances enable LAFN to be a promising anode candidate for next-generation lithium metal batteries.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; award343944; BMR program and Battery 500 Consortium
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1389865

Wang, Hansen, Lin, Dingchang, Liu, Yayuan, Li, Yuzhang, and Cui, Yi. Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF3 framework. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1701301.
Wang, Hansen, Lin, Dingchang, Liu, Yayuan, Li, Yuzhang, & Cui, Yi. Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF3 framework. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1701301.
Wang, Hansen, Lin, Dingchang, Liu, Yayuan, Li, Yuzhang, and Cui, Yi. 2017. "Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF3 framework". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1701301. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389865.
@article{osti_1389865,
title = {Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF3 framework},
author = {Wang, Hansen and Lin, Dingchang and Liu, Yayuan and Li, Yuzhang and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Lithium (Li) metal is the ultimate solution for next-generation high–energy density batteries but is plagued from commercialization by infinite relative volume change, low Coulombic efficiency due to side reactions, and safety issues caused by dendrite growth. These hazardous issues are further aggravated under high current densities needed by the increasing demand for fast charging/discharging. We report a one-step fabricated Li/Al4Li9-LiF nanocomposite (LAFN) through an “overlithiation” process of a mesoporous AlF3 framework, which can simultaneously mitigate the abovementioned problems. Reaction-produced Al4Li9-LiF nanoparticles serve as the ideal skeleton for Li metal infusion, helping to achieve a near-zero volume change during stripping/plating and suppressed dendrite growth. As a result, the LAFN electrode is capable of working properly under an ultrahigh current density of 20 mA cm–2 in symmetric cells and manifests highly improved rate capability with increased Coulombic efficiency in full cells. Here, the simple fabrication process and its remarkable electrochemical performances enable LAFN to be a promising anode candidate for next-generation lithium metal batteries.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.1701301},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 9,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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