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Title: Pyrolysis of forest residues: An approach to techno-economics for bio-fuel production

Here, the techno-economics for producing liquid fuels from Maine forest residues were determined from a combination of: (1) laboratory experiments at USDA-ARS’s Eastern Regional Research Center using hog fuel (a secondary woody residue produced from mill byproducts such as sawdust, bark and shavings) as a feedstock for pyrolysis to establish product yields and composition, and (2) Aspen Plus® process simulation for a feed rate of 2000 dry metric tons per day to estimate energy requirements and equipment sizes. The simulated plant includes feedstock sizing and drying, pyrolysis, hydrogen production and hydrotreatment of pyrolysis oils. The biomass is converted into bio-oil (61% yield), char (24%) and gases (15%) in the pyrolysis reactor, with an energy demand of 17%. The bio-oil is then hydrotreated to remove oxygen, thereby producing hydrocarbon fuels. The final mass yield of gasoline/diesel hydrocarbons is 16% with a 40% energy yield based on the dry biomass fed, this yield represents a fuel production of 51.9 gallons per dry metric ton of feedstock. A unique aspect of the process simulated herein is that pyrolysis char and gases are used as sources for both thermal energy and hydrogen, greatly decreasing the need to input fossil energy. The total capital investmentmore » for a grass-roots plant was estimated to be US$427 million with an annual operational cost of US$154 million. With a 30 year project life, a minimum fuel selling price was determined to be US$6.25 per gallon. The economic concerns are related to high capital costs, high feedstock costs and short hydrotreating catalyst lifetimes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Maine Chemical and Biological Engineering and Forest Bioproducts Research Inst., Orono, ME (United States)
  2. United States Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-07ER46373; 2012-10008-20271; DTRT13-G-UTC43; 1230908
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Fuel
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 193; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0016-2361
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Univ. of Maine Chemical and Biological Engineering and Forest Bioproducts Research Inst., Orono, ME (United States); United States Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA); Biomass Research and Development Initiative (BRDI); United States Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. (United States); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Pyrolysis; Techno-economics; Forest residues
OSTI Identifier:
1389700
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1423577