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Title: Revisiting the hydration structure of aqueous Na +

In this paper, a combination of theory, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) are used to probe the hydration structure of aqueous Na +. The high spatial resolution of the XRD measurements corresponds to Qmax = 24 Å –1 while the first-reported Na K-edge EXAFS measurements have a spatial resolution corresponding to 2k = Qmax = 16 Å –1. Both provide an accurate measure of the shape and position of the first peak in the Na–O pair distribution function, g NaO(r). The measured Na–O distances of 2.384 ± 0.003 Å (XRD) and 2.37 ± 0.024 Å (EXAFS) are in excellent agreement. These measurements show a much shorter Na–O distance than generally reported in the experimental literature (Na–O avg ~ 2.44 Å) although the current measurements are in agreement with recent neutron diffraction measurements. The measured Na–O coordination number from XRD is 5.5 ± 0.3. The measured structure is compared with both classical and first-principles density functional theory (DFT) simulations. Both of the DFT-based methods, revPBE and BLYP, predict a Na–O distance that is too long by about 0.05 Å with respect to the experimental data (EXAFS and XRD). The inclusion of dispersion interactions (–D3 and –D2)more » significantly worsens the agreement with experiment by further increasing the Na–O distance by 0.07 Å. In contrast, the use of a classical Na–O Lennard-Jones potential with SPC/E water accurately predicts the Na–O distance as 2.39 Å although the Na–O peak is over-structured with respect to experiment.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC05-76RL1830; FG02-09ER46650
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 146; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1389653
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1349340