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Title: Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles

Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (HFCEVs) are zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) that can provide drivers a similar experience to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), in terms of fueling time and performance (i.e. power and driving range). The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed fueling protocol J2601 for light-duty HFCEVs to ensure safe vehicle fills while maximizing fueling performance. This study employs a physical model that simulates and compares the fueling performance of two fueling methods, known as the “lookup table” method and the “MC formula” method, within the SAE J2601 protocol. Both the fueling methods provide fast fueling of HFCEVs within minutes, but the MC formula method takes advantage of active measurement of precooling temperature to dynamically control the fueling process, and thereby provides faster vehicle fills. Here, the MC formula method greatly reduces fueling time compared to the lookup table method at higher ambient temperatures, as well as when the precooling temperature falls on the colder side of the expected temperature window for all station types. Although the SAE J2601 lookup table method is the currently implemented standard for refueling hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the MC formula method provides significant fueling time advantages in certain conditions; these warrant itsmore » implementation in future hydrogen refueling stations for better customer satisfaction with fueling experience of HFCEVs.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 13 HYDRO ENERGY; Fueling time; Hydrogen fueling protocols; Light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles; MC Formula Method; SAE J2601
OSTI Identifier: