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Title: Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles

Abstract

Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (HFCEVs) are zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) that can provide drivers a similar experience to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), in terms of fueling time and performance (i.e. power and driving range). The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed fueling protocol J2601 for light-duty HFCEVs to ensure safe vehicle fills while maximizing fueling performance. This study employs a physical model that simulates and compares the fueling performance of two fueling methods, known as the “lookup table” method and the “MC formula” method, within the SAE J2601 protocol. Both the fueling methods provide fast fueling of HFCEVs within minutes, but the MC formula method takes advantage of active measurement of precooling temperature to dynamically control the fueling process, and thereby provides faster vehicle fills. Here, the MC formula method greatly reduces fueling time compared to the lookup table method at higher ambient temperatures, as well as when the precooling temperature falls on the colder side of the expected temperature window for all station types. Although the SAE J2601 lookup table method is the currently implemented standard for refueling hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the MC formula method provides significant fueling time advantages in certain conditions; these warrant itsmore » implementation in future hydrogen refueling stations for better customer satisfaction with fueling experience of HFCEVs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Fuel Cell Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1389635
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1550068
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 13 HYDRO ENERGY; Fueling time; Hydrogen fueling protocols; Light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles; MC Formula Method; SAE J2601

Citation Formats

Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, and Gupta, Erika. Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.233.
Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, & Gupta, Erika. Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.233
Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, and Gupta, Erika. Tue . "Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.233. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389635.
@article{osti_1389635,
title = {Impact of hydrogen SAE J2601 fueling methods on fueling time of light-duty fuel cell electric vehicles},
author = {Reddi, Krishna and Elgowainy, Amgad and Rustagi, Neha and Gupta, Erika},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (HFCEVs) are zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) that can provide drivers a similar experience to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), in terms of fueling time and performance (i.e. power and driving range). The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed fueling protocol J2601 for light-duty HFCEVs to ensure safe vehicle fills while maximizing fueling performance. This study employs a physical model that simulates and compares the fueling performance of two fueling methods, known as the “lookup table” method and the “MC formula” method, within the SAE J2601 protocol. Both the fueling methods provide fast fueling of HFCEVs within minutes, but the MC formula method takes advantage of active measurement of precooling temperature to dynamically control the fueling process, and thereby provides faster vehicle fills. Here, the MC formula method greatly reduces fueling time compared to the lookup table method at higher ambient temperatures, as well as when the precooling temperature falls on the colder side of the expected temperature window for all station types. Although the SAE J2601 lookup table method is the currently implemented standard for refueling hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the MC formula method provides significant fueling time advantages in certain conditions; these warrant its implementation in future hydrogen refueling stations for better customer satisfaction with fueling experience of HFCEVs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.233},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
number = 26,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 5 works
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    Parametric optimization and control toward the design of a smart metal hydride refueling system
    journal, June 2019

    • Ogumerem, Gerald S.; Pistikopoulos, Efstratios N.
    • AIChE Journal, Vol. 65, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/aic.16680