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Title: Holon Wigner Crystal in a Lightly Doped Kagome Quantum Spin Liquid

We address the problem of a lightly doped spin liquid through a large-scale density-matrix renormalization group study of the t–J model on a kagome lattice with a small but nonzero concentration δ of doped holes. It is now widely accepted that the undoped (δ = 0) spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state. Theoretical arguments have been presented that light doping of such a spin liquid could give rise to a high temperature superconductor or an exotic topological Fermi liquid metal. Instead, we infer that the doped holes form an insulating charge-density wave state with one doped hole per unit cell, i.e., a Wigner crystal. Spin correlations remain short ranged, as in the spin-liquid parent state, from which we infer that the state is a crystal of spinless holons, rather than of holes. In conclusion, our results may be relevant to kagome lattice herbertsmithite upon doping.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1389553
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374221

Jiang, Hong -Chen, Devereaux, T., and Kivelson, S. A.. Holon Wigner Crystal in a Lightly Doped Kagome Quantum Spin Liquid. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.067002.
Jiang, Hong -Chen, Devereaux, T., & Kivelson, S. A.. Holon Wigner Crystal in a Lightly Doped Kagome Quantum Spin Liquid. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.067002.
Jiang, Hong -Chen, Devereaux, T., and Kivelson, S. A.. 2017. "Holon Wigner Crystal in a Lightly Doped Kagome Quantum Spin Liquid". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.067002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389553.
@article{osti_1389553,
title = {Holon Wigner Crystal in a Lightly Doped Kagome Quantum Spin Liquid},
author = {Jiang, Hong -Chen and Devereaux, T. and Kivelson, S. A.},
abstractNote = {We address the problem of a lightly doped spin liquid through a large-scale density-matrix renormalization group study of the t–J model on a kagome lattice with a small but nonzero concentration δ of doped holes. It is now widely accepted that the undoped (δ = 0) spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state. Theoretical arguments have been presented that light doping of such a spin liquid could give rise to a high temperature superconductor or an exotic topological Fermi liquid metal. Instead, we infer that the doped holes form an insulating charge-density wave state with one doped hole per unit cell, i.e., a Wigner crystal. Spin correlations remain short ranged, as in the spin-liquid parent state, from which we infer that the state is a crystal of spinless holons, rather than of holes. In conclusion, our results may be relevant to kagome lattice herbertsmithite upon doping.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.067002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}