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Title: Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe 2 CrO 4 )

Epitaxial chromium ferrite (Fe 2CrO 4), prepared by state-of-the-art oxygen plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy, is shown to exhibit unusual electronic transport properties driven by the crystallographic structure and composition of the material. By replacing 1/3 of the Fe cations with Cr converts the host ferrimagnet from a metal into a semiconductor by virtue of its fixed valence (3+); Cr substitutes for Fe at B sites in the spinel lattice. Conversely, replacing 2/3 of the Fe cations with Cr results in an insulator. Three candidate conductive paths, all involving electron hopping between Fe 2+ and Fe 3+, are identified in Fe 2CrO 4. Moreover, Fe 2CrO 4 is shown to be photoconductive across the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. As a result, this material is of potential interest for important photo-electrochemical processes such as water splitting.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab.
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; #10122
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; chromium ferrite; expitaxial film; photoelectronic properties
OSTI Identifier:
1389315
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401506

Chambers, Scott A., Droubay, Timothy C., Kaspar, Tiffany C., Nayyar, Iffat H., McBriarty, Martin E., Heald, Steve M., Keavney, David J., Bowden, Mark E., and Sushko, Peter V.. Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe 2 CrO 4 ). United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201605040.
Chambers, Scott A., Droubay, Timothy C., Kaspar, Tiffany C., Nayyar, Iffat H., McBriarty, Martin E., Heald, Steve M., Keavney, David J., Bowden, Mark E., & Sushko, Peter V.. Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe 2 CrO 4 ). United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201605040.
Chambers, Scott A., Droubay, Timothy C., Kaspar, Tiffany C., Nayyar, Iffat H., McBriarty, Martin E., Heald, Steve M., Keavney, David J., Bowden, Mark E., and Sushko, Peter V.. 2017. "Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe 2 CrO 4 )". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201605040. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389315.
@article{osti_1389315,
title = {Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe 2 CrO 4 )},
author = {Chambers, Scott A. and Droubay, Timothy C. and Kaspar, Tiffany C. and Nayyar, Iffat H. and McBriarty, Martin E. and Heald, Steve M. and Keavney, David J. and Bowden, Mark E. and Sushko, Peter V.},
abstractNote = {Epitaxial chromium ferrite (Fe2CrO4), prepared by state-of-the-art oxygen plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy, is shown to exhibit unusual electronic transport properties driven by the crystallographic structure and composition of the material. By replacing 1/3 of the Fe cations with Cr converts the host ferrimagnet from a metal into a semiconductor by virtue of its fixed valence (3+); Cr substitutes for Fe at B sites in the spinel lattice. Conversely, replacing 2/3 of the Fe cations with Cr results in an insulator. Three candidate conductive paths, all involving electron hopping between Fe2+ and Fe3+, are identified in Fe2CrO4. Moreover, Fe2CrO4 is shown to be photoconductive across the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. As a result, this material is of potential interest for important photo-electrochemical processes such as water splitting.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201605040},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 9,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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