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Title: A Proteolytic Regulator Controlling Chalcone Synthase Stability and Flavonoid Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis

Flavonoids represent a large family of specialized metabolites involved in plant growth, development, and adaptation. Chalcone synthase (CHS) catalyzes the first step of flavonoid biosynthesis by directing carbon flux from general phenylpropanoid metabolism to flavonoid pathway. Despite extensive characterization of its function and transcriptional regulation, the molecular basis governing its posttranslational modification is enigmatic. Here, we report the discovery of a proteolytic regulator of CHS, namely, KFB CHS, a Kelch domain-containing F-box protein in Arabidopsis thaliana. KFB CHS physically interacts with CHS and specifically mediates its ubiquitination and degradation. KFB CHS exhibits developmental expression patterns in Arabidopsis leaves, stems, and siliques and strongly responds to the dark-to-light (or the light-to-dark) switch, the blue, red, and far-red light signals, and UV-B irradiation. Alteration of KFB CHS expression negatively correlates to the cellular concentration of CHS and the production of flavonoids. Our study suggests that KFB CHS serves as a crucial negative regulator, via mediating CHS degradation, coordinately controlling flavonoid biosynthesis in response to the developmental cues and environmental stimuli.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1040-4651
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Plant Cell
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1040-4651
American Society of Plant Biologists
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Flavonoids; Chalcone synthase; F-box protein; Ubiquitination; Arabidopsis
OSTI Identifier: