skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization

Abstract

Upon the injection of a pure spin current, a ferromagnet, similar to a nonmagnetic metal, also exhibits inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE). In our work, we show in Co/Cu/YIG, where the thin Cu layer allows transmission of spin current from YIG into Co but decouples the two ferromagnets, that the interaction between ISHE and ferromagnetic ordering in Co can be unambiguously investigated. By switching on and off the pure spin current contribution, we demonstrate that the ISHE in Co is independent of the direction of the Co magnetization, which clearly suggests that the ISHE in Co is dominated not by the extrinsic impurity scatterings, but from the intrinsic origin.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China); Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  2. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  3. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  4. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
OSTI Identifier:
1388938
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1260311
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012670
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: SHINES partners with University of California, Riverside (lead); Arizona State University; Colorado State University; Johns Hopkins University; University of California Irvine; University of California Los Angeles; University of Texas at Austin; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phonons; thermal conductivity; thermoelectric; spin dynamics; spintronics

Citation Formats

Tian, Dai, Li, Yufan, Qu, D., Huang, S. Y., Jin, Xiaofeng, and Chien, C. L. Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020403.
Tian, Dai, Li, Yufan, Qu, D., Huang, S. Y., Jin, Xiaofeng, & Chien, C. L. Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020403.
Tian, Dai, Li, Yufan, Qu, D., Huang, S. Y., Jin, Xiaofeng, and Chien, C. L. Tue . "Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020403. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1388938.
@article{osti_1388938,
title = {Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization},
author = {Tian, Dai and Li, Yufan and Qu, D. and Huang, S. Y. and Jin, Xiaofeng and Chien, C. L.},
abstractNote = {Upon the injection of a pure spin current, a ferromagnet, similar to a nonmagnetic metal, also exhibits inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE). In our work, we show in Co/Cu/YIG, where the thin Cu layer allows transmission of spin current from YIG into Co but decouples the two ferromagnets, that the interaction between ISHE and ferromagnetic ordering in Co can be unambiguously investigated. By switching on and off the pure spin current contribution, we demonstrate that the ISHE in Co is independent of the direction of the Co magnetization, which clearly suggests that the ISHE in Co is dominated not by the extrinsic impurity scatterings, but from the intrinsic origin.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020403},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 2,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Hall effect in dilute magnetic alloys
journal, October 1981


Extrinsic anomalous Hall effect in charge and heat transport in pure iron, Fe 0.997 Si 0.003 , and Fe 0.97 Co 0.03
journal, March 2009


Real-Space Observation of Current-Driven Domain Wall Motion in Submicron Magnetic Wires
journal, February 2004


Spin-Torque Switching with the Giant Spin Hall Effect of Tantalum
journal, May 2012


Direct electronic measurement of the spin Hall effect
journal, July 2006


Inverse Spin Hall Effect in a Ferromagnetic Metal
journal, August 2013


Spin Hall Effects in Metals
journal, October 2013


Measurement of the spin-transfer-torque vector in magnetic tunnel junctions
journal, November 2007

  • Sankey, Jack C.; Cui, Yong-Tao; Sun, Jonathan Z.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys783

Oscillatory dependence of current-driven magnetic domain wall motion on current pulse length
journal, September 2006

  • Thomas, Luc; Hayashi, Masamitsu; Jiang, Xin
  • Nature, Vol. 443, Issue 7108
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05093

Left-Right Asymmetry in the Scattering of Electrons by Magnetic Impurities, and a Hall Effect
journal, January 1972


Enhanced magnetoresistance in layered magnetic structures with antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange
journal, March 1989


Giant spin Hall effect in perpendicularly spin-polarized FePt/Au devices
journal, January 2008

  • Seki, Takeshi; Hasegawa, Yu; Mitani, Seiji
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2098

Giant spin-accumulation signal and pure spin-current-induced reversible magnetization switching
journal, October 2008

  • Yang, Tao; Kimura, Takashi; Otani, Yoshichika
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1095

Current-induced spin orientation of electrons in semiconductors
journal, July 1971


Angular dependence of inverse spin–Hall effect induced by spin pumping investigated in a Ni 81 Fe 19 / Pt thin film
journal, July 2008


Giant Magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr Magnetic Superlattices
journal, November 1988


Hall Effect and Magnetoresistance in Pure Iron, Lead, Fe-Co, and Fe-Cr Dilute Alloys
journal, May 1973


Quantifying Spin Hall Angles from Spin Pumping: Experiments and Theory
journal, January 2010


Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance Induced by the Spin Hall Effect
journal, January 2011


Intrinsic Spin Seebeck Effect in Au / YIG
journal, February 2013


Longitudinal Spin Seebeck Effect Free from the Proximity Nernst Effect
journal, February 2013


The anomalous Hall effect in epitaxial face-centered-cubic cobalt films
journal, October 2012


Separation of spin Seebeck effect and anomalous Nernst effect in Co/Cu/YIG
journal, May 2015

  • Tian, Dai; Li, Yufan; Qu, D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921927

Room-Temperature Reversible Spin Hall Effect
journal, April 2007


Conversion of spin current into charge current at room temperature: Inverse spin-Hall effect
journal, May 2006

  • Saitoh, E.; Ueda, M.; Miyajima, H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2199473

The spontaneous hall effect in ferromagnetics II
journal, January 1958


Side-Jump Mechanism for the Hall Effect of Ferromagnets
journal, December 1970


Observation of the Spin Hall Effect in Semiconductors
journal, December 2004


Wave-packet dynamics in slowly perturbed crystals: Gradient corrections and Berry-phase effects
journal, June 1999


Evidence of the side jump mechanism in the anomalous Hall effect in paramagnets
journal, April 2015


Spin Hall Effect
journal, August 1999


Intrinsic Spin-Dependent Thermal Transport
journal, November 2011


Hall Effect in Ferromagnetics
journal, September 1954


Anomalous Hall effect
journal, May 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Intrinsic spin currents in ferromagnets
    journal, June 2019


    Determining spin-torque efficiency in ferromagnetic metals via spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance
    journal, February 2020


    Intrinsic spin currents in ferromagnets
    journal, June 2019