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Title: Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus

Abstract

We ascertain the anisotropic thermal conductivity of passivated black phosphorus (BP), a reactive 2D nanomaterial with strong in-plane anisotropy. We measure the room temperature thermal conductivity by time-domain thermoreflectance for three crystalline axes of exfoliated BP. The thermal conductivity along the zigzag direction (86 ± 8 W m -1 K -1) is ~2.5 times higher than that of the armchair direction (34 ± 4 W m -1 K -1).

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  2. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1386280
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001059; N00014-14-1-0669; DMR-1121262; EFRI-1433467
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 48; Related Information: ANSER partners with Northwestern University (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; University of Chicago; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Yale University; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; catalysis (homogeneous); catalysis (heterogeneous); solar (photovoltaic); solar (fuels); photosynthesis (natural and artificial); bio-inspired; hydrogen and fuel cells; electrodes - solar; defects; charge transport; spin dynamics; membrane; materials and chemistry by design; optics; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly)

Citation Formats

Jang, Hyejin, Wood, Joshua D., Ryder, Christopher R., Hersam, Mark C., and Cahill, David G. Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201503466.
Jang, Hyejin, Wood, Joshua D., Ryder, Christopher R., Hersam, Mark C., & Cahill, David G. Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201503466.
Jang, Hyejin, Wood, Joshua D., Ryder, Christopher R., Hersam, Mark C., and Cahill, David G. Fri . "Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201503466. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1386280.
@article{osti_1386280,
title = {Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus},
author = {Jang, Hyejin and Wood, Joshua D. and Ryder, Christopher R. and Hersam, Mark C. and Cahill, David G.},
abstractNote = {We ascertain the anisotropic thermal conductivity of passivated black phosphorus (BP), a reactive 2D nanomaterial with strong in-plane anisotropy. We measure the room temperature thermal conductivity by time-domain thermoreflectance for three crystalline axes of exfoliated BP. The thermal conductivity along the zigzag direction (86 ± 8 W m-1 K-1) is ~2.5 times higher than that of the armchair direction (34 ± 4 W m-1 K-1).},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201503466},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 48,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 101 works
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Works referenced in this record:

Measurement of the anisotropic thermal conductivity of molybdenum disulfide by the time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect
journal, December 2014

  • Liu, Jun; Choi, Gyung-Min; Cahill, David G.
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  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4904513

Superior mechanical flexibility of phosphorene and few-layer black phosphorus
journal, June 2014

  • Wei, Qun; Peng, Xihong
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4885215

Inelastic neutron scattering study of acoustic phonons of black phosphorus
journal, November 1982


Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus
journal, June 2014


Reexamination of basal plane thermal conductivity of suspended graphene samples measured by electro-thermal micro-bridge methods
journal, May 2015

  • Jo, Insun; Pettes, Michael T.; Lindsay, Lucas
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921519

Anisotropic Debye model for the thermal boundary conductance
journal, March 2013


Anisotropic thermal transport in phosphorene: effects of crystal orientation
journal, January 2015


Strongly anisotropic in-plane thermal transport in single-layer black phosphorene
journal, February 2015

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  • DOI: 10.1038/srep08501

Enhanced Thermoelectric Efficiency via Orthogonal Electrical and Thermal Conductances in Phosphorene
journal, September 2014

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Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics
journal, July 2014

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Analysis of heat flow in layered structures for time-domain thermoreflectance
journal, December 2004

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Negative correlation between in-plane bonding strength and cross-plane thermal conductivity in a model layered material
journal, January 2013

  • Wei, Zhiyong; Chen, Yunfei; Dames, Chris
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4773372

Low-Frequency Interlayer Breathing Modes in Few-Layer Black Phosphorus
journal, May 2015


Coexistence of size-dependent and size-independent thermal conductivities in phosphorene
journal, December 2014


Probing anisotropic heat transport using time-domain thermoreflectance with offset laser spots
journal, October 2012

  • Feser, Joseph P.; Cahill, David G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4757863

Electronic Structure of Black Phosphorus in Tight Binding Approach
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Effective Passivation of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus Transistors against Ambient Degradation
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Raman and infrared reflection spectroscopy in black phosphorus
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Interfacial Thermal Conductance of Transfer-Printed Metal Films
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Waveguide-integrated black phosphorus photodetector with high responsivity and low dark current
journal, March 2015


Anisotropic intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity of phosphorene from first principles
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Phosphorene: An Unexplored 2D Semiconductor with a High Hole Mobility
journal, March 2014

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  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 4
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Identifying the Crystalline Orientation of Black Phosphorus Using Angle-Resolved Polarized Raman Spectroscopy
journal, January 2015


Negative poisson’s ratio in single-layer black phosphorus
journal, August 2014

  • Jiang, Jin-Wu; Park, Harold S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5727

Basal-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer molybdenum disulfide
journal, May 2014

  • Jo, Insun; Pettes, Michael Thompson; Ou, Eric
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4876965

Black phosphorus field-effect transistors
journal, March 2014


Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry
journal, October 2014

  • Feser, Joseph P.; Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 10
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Solvent Exfoliation of Electronic-Grade, Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus
journal, February 2015


Interpreting picosecond acoustics in the case of low interface stiffness
journal, November 2012

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Thermal Conductivity of Elements with Complex Lattices: B, P, S
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Interfacial Thermal Conductance of Transfer-Printed Metal Films
    journal, October 2011


    Identifying the Crystalline Orientation of Black Phosphorus Using Angle-Resolved Polarized Raman Spectroscopy
    journal, January 2015


    Inelastic neutron scattering study of acoustic phonons of black phosphorus
    journal, November 1982


    Raman and infrared reflection spectroscopy in black phosphorus
    journal, March 1985


    Low-Frequency Interlayer Breathing Modes in Few-Layer Black Phosphorus
    journal, May 2015


    Solvent Exfoliation of Electronic-Grade, Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus
    journal, February 2015


    Enhanced Thermoelectric Efficiency via Orthogonal Electrical and Thermal Conductances in Phosphorene
    journal, September 2014

    • Fei, Ruixiang; Faghaninia, Alireza; Soklaski, Ryan
    • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1021/nl502865s

    Effective Passivation of Exfoliated Black Phosphorus Transistors against Ambient Degradation
    journal, November 2014

    • Wood, Joshua D.; Wells, Spencer A.; Jariwala, Deep
    • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1021/nl5032293

    Phosphorene: An Unexplored 2D Semiconductor with a High Hole Mobility
    journal, March 2014

    • Liu, Han; Neal, Adam T.; Zhu, Zhen
    • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1021/nn501226z

    Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics
    journal, July 2014

    • Xia, Fengnian; Wang, Han; Jia, Yichen
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5458

    Negative poisson’s ratio in single-layer black phosphorus
    journal, August 2014

    • Jiang, Jin-Wu; Park, Harold S.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5727

    Black phosphorus field-effect transistors
    journal, March 2014


    Waveguide-integrated black phosphorus photodetector with high responsivity and low dark current
    journal, March 2015


    Strongly anisotropic in-plane thermal transport in single-layer black phosphorene
    journal, February 2015

    • Jain, Ankit; McGaughey, Alan J. H.
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep08501

    Analysis of heat flow in layered structures for time-domain thermoreflectance
    journal, December 2004

    • Cahill, David G.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1819431

    Probing anisotropic heat transport using time-domain thermoreflectance with offset laser spots
    journal, October 2012

    • Feser, Joseph P.; Cahill, David G.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4757863

    Interpreting picosecond acoustics in the case of low interface stiffness
    journal, November 2012

    • Hohensee, Gregory T.; Hsieh, Wen-Pin; Losego, Mark D.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4766957

    Negative correlation between in-plane bonding strength and cross-plane thermal conductivity in a model layered material
    journal, January 2013

    • Wei, Zhiyong; Chen, Yunfei; Dames, Chris
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4773372

    Basal-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer molybdenum disulfide
    journal, May 2014

    • Jo, Insun; Pettes, Michael Thompson; Ou, Eric
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4876965

    Superior mechanical flexibility of phosphorene and few-layer black phosphorus
    journal, June 2014

    • Wei, Qun; Peng, Xihong
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4885215

    Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry
    journal, October 2014

    • Feser, Joseph P.; Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4897622

    Measurement of the anisotropic thermal conductivity of molybdenum disulfide by the time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect
    journal, December 2014

    • Liu, Jun; Choi, Gyung-Min; Cahill, David G.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4904513

    Reexamination of basal plane thermal conductivity of suspended graphene samples measured by electro-thermal micro-bridge methods
    journal, May 2015

    • Jo, Insun; Pettes, Michael T.; Lindsay, Lucas
    • AIP Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921519

    Highly anisotropic thermoelectric properties of black phosphorus crystals
    journal, July 2019