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Title: Dilute condition corrosion behavior of glass-ceramic waste form

Abstract

Borosilicate glass-ceramics are being developed to immobilize high-level waste generated by aqueous reprocessing into a stable waste form. The corrosion behavior of this multiphase waste form is expected to be complicated by multiple phases and crystal-glass interfaces. A modified single-pass flow-through test was performed on polished monolithic coupons at a neutral pH (25 °C) and 90 °C for 33 d. The measured glass corrosion rates by micro analysis in the samples ranged from 0.019 to 0.29 g m-2 d-1 at a flow rate per surface area = 1.73 × 10-6 m s-1. The crystal phases (oxyapatite and Ca-rich powellite) corroded below quantifiable rates, by micro analysis. While, Ba-rich powellite corroded considerably in O10 sample. The corrosion rates of C1 and its replicate C20 were elevated an order of magnitude by mechanical stresses at crystal-glass interface caused by thermal expansion mismatch during cooling and unique morphology (oxyapatite clustering).

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1380038
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1335865
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC0576RL01830
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Nuclear Materials Journal Volume: 482 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES

Citation Formats

Crum, Jarrod V., Neeway, James J., Riley, Brian J., Zhu, Zihua, Olszta, Matthew J., and Tang, Ming. Dilute condition corrosion behavior of glass-ceramic waste form. Netherlands: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.002.
Crum, Jarrod V., Neeway, James J., Riley, Brian J., Zhu, Zihua, Olszta, Matthew J., & Tang, Ming. Dilute condition corrosion behavior of glass-ceramic waste form. Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.002
Crum, Jarrod V., Neeway, James J., Riley, Brian J., Zhu, Zihua, Olszta, Matthew J., and Tang, Ming. Thu . "Dilute condition corrosion behavior of glass-ceramic waste form". Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.002.
@article{osti_1380038,
title = {Dilute condition corrosion behavior of glass-ceramic waste form},
author = {Crum, Jarrod V. and Neeway, James J. and Riley, Brian J. and Zhu, Zihua and Olszta, Matthew J. and Tang, Ming},
abstractNote = {Borosilicate glass-ceramics are being developed to immobilize high-level waste generated by aqueous reprocessing into a stable waste form. The corrosion behavior of this multiphase waste form is expected to be complicated by multiple phases and crystal-glass interfaces. A modified single-pass flow-through test was performed on polished monolithic coupons at a neutral pH (25 °C) and 90 °C for 33 d. The measured glass corrosion rates by micro analysis in the samples ranged from 0.019 to 0.29 g m-2 d-1 at a flow rate per surface area = 1.73 × 10-6 m s-1. The crystal phases (oxyapatite and Ca-rich powellite) corroded below quantifiable rates, by micro analysis. While, Ba-rich powellite corroded considerably in O10 sample. The corrosion rates of C1 and its replicate C20 were elevated an order of magnitude by mechanical stresses at crystal-glass interface caused by thermal expansion mismatch during cooling and unique morphology (oxyapatite clustering).},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.002},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 482,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.002

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Cited by: 3 works
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Works referencing / citing this record:

Synthesis and crystal structure of a neodymium borosilicate, Nd 3 BSi 2 O 10
journal, April 2019

  • Chong, Saehwa; Kroll, Jared O.; Crum, Jarrod V.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section E Crystallographic Communications, Vol. 75, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1107/s2056989019005024

Synthesis and crystal structure of a neodymium borosilicate, Nd 3 BSi 2 O 10
journal, April 2019

  • Chong, Saehwa; Kroll, Jared O.; Crum, Jarrod V.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section E Crystallographic Communications, Vol. 75, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1107/s2056989019005024

Self-fluorescent antibiotic MoO x –hydroxyapatite: a nano-theranostic platform for bone infection therapies
journal, January 2019

  • Placente, Damián; Ruso, Juan. M.; Baldini, Mónica
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr01236b

Crystallization study of rare earth and molybdenum containing nuclear waste glass ceramics
journal, March 2019

  • McCloy, John S.; Riley, Brian J.; Crum, Jarrod
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 102, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.16406

Method Development for High Temperature In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Measurements of Glass Crystallization on Cooling from Melt
journal, January 2019

  • McCloy, John; Marcial, José; Riley, Brian
  • MRS Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 17-18
  • DOI: 10.1557/adv.2019.46