skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Biorefinery for combined production of jet fuel and ethanol from lipid-producing sugarcane: a techno-economic evaluation

Abstract

Replacing fossil fuels with an economically viable green alternative at scale has proved most challenging in the aviation sector. Recently sugarcane, the most productive crop on the planet, has been engineered to accumulate lipids. This opens the way for production of far more industrial vegetable oil per acre than previously possible. This study performs techno-economic feasibility analysis of jet fuel production from this new cost efficient and high yield feedstock. A comprehensive process model for biorefinery producing hydrotreated jet fuel (from lipids) and ethanol (from sugars), with 1 600 000 MT yr -1 lipid-cane processing capacity, was developed in SuperPro Designer. Considering lipid-cane development is continuing for higher oil concentrations, analysis was performed with lipid-cane containing 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% lipids. Capital investments for the biorefinery ranged from 238.1 to 351.2 million USD, with jet fuel capacities of 12.6–50.5 million liters (correspondingly ethanol production of nil to 102.6 million liters). The production cost of jet fuel for different scenarios was estimated 0.73 to 1.79 per liter (2.74 to 6.76 per gal) of jet fuel. In all cases, the cost of raw materials accounted for more than 70% of total operational cost. Biorefinery was observed self-sustainable for steam and electricitymore » requirement, because of in-house steam and electricity generation from burning of bagasse. Minimum fuel selling prices with a 10% discount rate for 20% lipid case was estimated 1.40/L ($5.31/gal), which was lower than most of the reported prices of renewable jet fuel produced from other oil crops and algae. Along with lower production costs, lipid-cane could produce as high as 16 times the jet fuel (6307 L ha -1) per unit land than that of other oil crops and do so using low-value land unsuited to most other crops, while being highly water and nitrogen use efficient.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL USA
  2. Department of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL USA, Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4 YQ UK
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1379986
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1379987; OSTI ID: 1511181
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000206
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Global Change Biology. Bioenergy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1757-1693
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; bioethanol; biojet fuel; lipid; sugarcane; techno-economic; transgenic

Citation Formats

Kumar, Deepak, Long, Stephen P., and Singh, Vijay. Biorefinery for combined production of jet fuel and ethanol from lipid-producing sugarcane: a techno-economic evaluation. United Kingdom: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12478.
Kumar, Deepak, Long, Stephen P., & Singh, Vijay. Biorefinery for combined production of jet fuel and ethanol from lipid-producing sugarcane: a techno-economic evaluation. United Kingdom. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12478.
Kumar, Deepak, Long, Stephen P., and Singh, Vijay. Thu . "Biorefinery for combined production of jet fuel and ethanol from lipid-producing sugarcane: a techno-economic evaluation". United Kingdom. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12478.
@article{osti_1379986,
title = {Biorefinery for combined production of jet fuel and ethanol from lipid-producing sugarcane: a techno-economic evaluation},
author = {Kumar, Deepak and Long, Stephen P. and Singh, Vijay},
abstractNote = {Replacing fossil fuels with an economically viable green alternative at scale has proved most challenging in the aviation sector. Recently sugarcane, the most productive crop on the planet, has been engineered to accumulate lipids. This opens the way for production of far more industrial vegetable oil per acre than previously possible. This study performs techno-economic feasibility analysis of jet fuel production from this new cost efficient and high yield feedstock. A comprehensive process model for biorefinery producing hydrotreated jet fuel (from lipids) and ethanol (from sugars), with 1 600 000 MT yr-1 lipid-cane processing capacity, was developed in SuperPro Designer. Considering lipid-cane development is continuing for higher oil concentrations, analysis was performed with lipid-cane containing 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% lipids. Capital investments for the biorefinery ranged from 238.1 to 351.2 million USD, with jet fuel capacities of 12.6–50.5 million liters (correspondingly ethanol production of nil to 102.6 million liters). The production cost of jet fuel for different scenarios was estimated 0.73 to 1.79 per liter (2.74 to 6.76 per gal) of jet fuel. In all cases, the cost of raw materials accounted for more than 70% of total operational cost. Biorefinery was observed self-sustainable for steam and electricity requirement, because of in-house steam and electricity generation from burning of bagasse. Minimum fuel selling prices with a 10% discount rate for 20% lipid case was estimated 1.40/L ($5.31/gal), which was lower than most of the reported prices of renewable jet fuel produced from other oil crops and algae. Along with lower production costs, lipid-cane could produce as high as 16 times the jet fuel (6307 L ha-1) per unit land than that of other oil crops and do so using low-value land unsuited to most other crops, while being highly water and nitrogen use efficient.},
doi = {10.1111/gcbb.12478},
journal = {Global Change Biology. Bioenergy},
number = 2,
volume = 10,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12478

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Techno-economic analysis of biomass fast pyrolysis to transportation fuels
journal, November 2010


Technoeconomic analysis of renewable aviation fuel from microalgae, Pongamia pinnata , and sugarcane
journal, April 2013

  • Klein-Marcuschamer, Daniel; Turner, Christopher; Allen, Mark
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1404

Hydrocarbon bio-jet fuel from bioconversion of poplar biomass: techno-economic assessment
journal, June 2016

  • Crawford, Jordan T.; Shan, Chin Wei; Budsberg, Erik
  • Biotechnology for Biofuels, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s13068-016-0545-7

Metabolic engineering of sugarcane to accumulate energy-dense triacylglycerols in vegetative biomass
journal, June 2015

  • Zale, Janice; Jung, Je Hyeong; Kim, Jae Yoon
  • Plant Biotechnology Journal, Vol. 14, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/pbi.12411

Metabolic engineering of biomass for high energy density: oilseed-like triacylglycerol yields from plant leaves
journal, October 2013

  • Vanhercke, Thomas; El Tahchy, Anna; Liu, Qing
  • Plant Biotechnology Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/pbi.12131

Disruption of the Arabidopsis CGI-58 homologue produces Chanarin–Dorfman-like lipid droplet accumulation in plants
journal, September 2010

  • James, Christopher N.; Horn, Patrick J.; Case, Charlene R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 41, p. 17833-17838
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0911359107

Predicting Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Carbon from Changing Pasture to an Energy Crop
journal, August 2013


Camelina-derived jet fuel and diesel: Sustainable advanced biofuels
journal, June 2010

  • Shonnard, David R.; Williams, Larry; Kalnes, Tom N.
  • Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, Vol. 29, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/ep.10461

Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: A review
journal, January 2010

  • Mata, Teresa M.; Martins, António A.; Caetano, Nidia. S.
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14, Issue 1, p. 217-232
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.020

Financial analysis and risk assessment of hydroprocessed renewable jet fuel production from camelina, carinata and used cooking oil
journal, July 2017


Techno-economic comparison of process technologies for biochemical ethanol production from corn stover
journal, November 2010


Technoeconomic analysis of jet fuel production from hydrolysis, decarboxylation, and reforming of camelina oil
journal, April 2015


Modeling the process and costs of fuel ethanol production by the corn dry-grind process
journal, May 2006


A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs
journal, March 2006


Drivers and barriers to the adoption and diffusion of Sustainable Jet Fuel (SJF) in the U.S. Pacific Northwest
journal, January 2017


Bio-jet fuel conversion technologies
journal, January 2016


Production of renewable diesel by hydroprocessing of soybean oil: Effect of catalysts
journal, April 2012


Effect of biomass species and plant size on cellulosic ethanol: A comparative process and economic analysis
journal, February 2009


A techno-economic review of hydroprocessed renewable esters and fatty acids for jet fuel production
journal, January 2013

  • Pearlson, Matthew; Wollersheim, Christoph; Hileman, James
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1378

Impact of pretreatment and downstream processing technologies on economics and energy in cellulosic ethanol production
journal, January 2011


Biodiesel Production From Oils And Fats With High Free Fatty Acids
journal, January 2001

  • Canakci, M.; Van Gerpen, J.
  • Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 44, Issue 6, p. 1429-1436
  • DOI: 10.13031/2013.7010

A Process for the Aqueous Enzymatic Extraction of Corn Oil from Dry Milled Corn Germ and Enzymatic Wet Milled Corn Germ (E-Germ)
journal, March 2009

  • Moreau, Robert A.; Dickey, Leland C.; Johnston, David B.
  • Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 86, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11746-009-1363-x

Simulation of integrated first and second generation bioethanol production from sugarcane: comparison between different biomass pretreatment methods
journal, September 2010

  • Dias, Marina O. S.; da Cunha, Marcelo Pereira; Maciel Filho, Rubens
  • Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, Vol. 38, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10295-010-0867-6

Techno-economic comparison of biojet fuel production from lignocellulose, vegetable oil and sugar cane juice
journal, September 2016


Modification of aqueous enzymatic oil extraction to increase the yield of corn oil from dry fractionated corn germ
journal, July 2011


Technoeconomic Analysis of Biodiesel and Ethanol Production from Lipid-Producing Sugarcane and Sweet Sorghum
journal, December 2016

  • Huang, Haibo; Long, Stephen P.; Clemente, Thomas E.
  • Industrial Biotechnology, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1089/ind.2016.0013

Economic feasibility and environmental life cycle assessment of ethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstock in Pacific Northwest U.S.
journal, March 2013

  • Juneja, Ankita; Kumar, Deepak; Murthy, Ganti S.
  • Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4803747

Physical and Chemical Processes to Enhance Oil Recovery from Condensed Corn Distillers Solubles
journal, September 2010

  • Majoni, Sandra; Wang, Tong; Johnson, Lawrence A.
  • Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 88, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11746-010-1681-z

Production of bioethanol and other bio-based materials from sugarcane bagasse: Integration to conventional bioethanol production process
journal, September 2009

  • Dias, Marina O. S.; Ensinas, Adriano V.; Nebra, Silvia A.
  • Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 87, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cherd.2009.06.020

Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane: Biodiesel and Ethanol Co-Production from Lipid-Producing Sugarcane
journal, March 2016

  • Huang, Haibo; Long, Stephen; Singh, Vijay
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1640

Extraction and Demulsification of Oil From Wheat Germ, Barley Germ, and Rice Bran Using an Aqueous Enzymatic Method
journal, April 2014

  • Fang, Xuezhi; Moreau, Robert A.
  • Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 91, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11746-014-2467-5