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Title: A compact dispersive refocusing Rowland circle X-ray emission spectrometer for laboratory, synchrotron, and XFEL applications

X-ray emission spectroscopy is emerging as an important complement to x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, providing a characterization of the occupied electronic density of states local to the species of interest. Here, we present details of the design and performance of a compact x-ray emission spectrometer that uses a dispersive refocusing Rowland (DRR) circle geometry to achieve excellent performance for the 2-2.5 keV range, i.e., especially for the K-edge emission from sulfur and phosphorous. The DRR approach allows high energy resolution even for unfocused x-ray sources. This property enables high count rates in laboratory studies, approaching those of insertion-device beamlines at third-generation synchrotrons, despite use of only a low-powered, conventional x-ray tube. The spectrometer, whose overall scale is set by use of a 10-cm diameter Rowland circle and a new small-pixel complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor x-ray camera, is easily portable to synchrotron or x-ray free electron laser beamlines. Photometrics from measurements at the Advanced Light Source show excellent overall instrumental efficiency. In addition, the compact size of this instrument lends itself to future multiplexing to gain large factors in net collection efficiency or its implementation in controlled gas gloveboxes either in the lab or in an endstation.
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  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; ark:/13030/qt2792v2dk
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AC52-06NA25396; CHE-1552164; SC0016251; SC0008580
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC). Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; X-rays; Synchrotrons; Spectrometers; Metalloids; Semiconductors; Inorganic and Physical Chemistry; XES; Rowland Circle; X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1372944; OSTI ID: 1407890