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Title: Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations

Abstract

We present two new products from near-infrared Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) observations: lowermost tropospheric (LMT, from 0 to 2.5 km) and upper tropospheric–stratospheric (U, above 2.5 km) carbon dioxide partial column mixing ratios. We compare these new products to aircraft profiles and remote surface flask measurements and find that the seasonal and year-to-year variations in the new partial column mixing ratios significantly improve upon the Atmospheric CO2 Observations from Space (ACOS) and GOSAT (ACOS-GOSAT) initial guess and/or a priori, with distinct patterns in the LMT and U seasonal cycles that match validation data. For land monthly averages, we find errors of 1.9, 0.7, and 0.8 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and XCO2; for ocean monthly averages, we find errors of 0.7, 0.5, and 0.5 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and XCO2. In the southern hemispheric biomass burning season, the new partial columns show similar patterns to MODIS fire maps and MOPITT multispectral CO for both vertical levels, despite a flat ACOS-GOSAT prior, and a CO–CO2 emission factor comparable to published values. The difference of LMT and U, useful for evaluation of model transport error, has also been validated with a monthly average error of 0.8 (1.4) ppmmore » for ocean (land). LMT is more locally influenced than U, meaning that local fluxes can now be better separated from CO2 transported from far away.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [1];  [8]
  1. Bay Area Environmental Research Inst., Sonoma, CA (United States)
  2. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  4. UCLA Joint Inst. for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering (JIFRESSE), Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  5. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States)
  8. NASA Ames Research Center (ARC), Moffett Field, Mountain View, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1379820
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; NNX14AI60G; NNX11AG01G; NAG5-12247; NNG05-GD07G
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Kulawik, Susan S., O'Dell, Chris, Payne, Vivienne H., Kuai, Le, Worden, Helen M., Biraud, Sebastien C., Sweeney, Colm, Stephens, Britton, Iraci, Laura T., Yates, Emma L., and Tanaka, Tomoaki. Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017.
Kulawik, Susan S., O'Dell, Chris, Payne, Vivienne H., Kuai, Le, Worden, Helen M., Biraud, Sebastien C., Sweeney, Colm, Stephens, Britton, Iraci, Laura T., Yates, Emma L., & Tanaka, Tomoaki. Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations. United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017.
Kulawik, Susan S., O'Dell, Chris, Payne, Vivienne H., Kuai, Le, Worden, Helen M., Biraud, Sebastien C., Sweeney, Colm, Stephens, Britton, Iraci, Laura T., Yates, Emma L., and Tanaka, Tomoaki. Thu . "Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations". United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379820.
@article{osti_1379820,
title = {Lower-tropospheric CO2 from near-infrared ACOS-GOSAT observations},
author = {Kulawik, Susan S. and O'Dell, Chris and Payne, Vivienne H. and Kuai, Le and Worden, Helen M. and Biraud, Sebastien C. and Sweeney, Colm and Stephens, Britton and Iraci, Laura T. and Yates, Emma L. and Tanaka, Tomoaki},
abstractNote = {We present two new products from near-infrared Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) observations: lowermost tropospheric (LMT, from 0 to 2.5 km) and upper tropospheric–stratospheric (U, above 2.5 km) carbon dioxide partial column mixing ratios. We compare these new products to aircraft profiles and remote surface flask measurements and find that the seasonal and year-to-year variations in the new partial column mixing ratios significantly improve upon the Atmospheric CO2 Observations from Space (ACOS) and GOSAT (ACOS-GOSAT) initial guess and/or a priori, with distinct patterns in the LMT and U seasonal cycles that match validation data. For land monthly averages, we find errors of 1.9, 0.7, and 0.8 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and XCO2; for ocean monthly averages, we find errors of 0.7, 0.5, and 0.5 ppm for retrieved GOSAT LMT, U, and XCO2. In the southern hemispheric biomass burning season, the new partial columns show similar patterns to MODIS fire maps and MOPITT multispectral CO for both vertical levels, despite a flat ACOS-GOSAT prior, and a CO–CO2 emission factor comparable to published values. The difference of LMT and U, useful for evaluation of model transport error, has also been validated with a monthly average error of 0.8 (1.4) ppm for ocean (land). LMT is more locally influenced than U, meaning that local fluxes can now be better separated from CO2 transported from far away.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-17-5407-2017},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = 8,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    A method for evaluating bias in global measurements of CO 2 total columns from space
    journal, January 2011

    • Wunch, D.; Wennberg, P. O.; Toon, G. C.
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    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-12317-2011

    A multi-year record of airborne CO 2 observations in the US Southern Great Plains
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    • Biraud, S. C.; Torn, M. S.; Smith, J. R.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-6-751-2013

    Using airborne HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) to evaluate model and remote sensing estimates of atmospheric carbon dioxide
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    • Frankenberg, Christian; Kulawik, Susan S.; Wofsy, Steven C.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-7867-2016

    The MOPITT Version 6 product: algorithm enhancements and validation
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    • Deeter, M. N.; Martínez-Alonso, S.; Edwards, D. P.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 7, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-7-3623-2014

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    • Wunch, Debra; Toon, Geoffrey C.; Blavier, Jean-François L.
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369, Issue 1943
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    • Kulawik, Susan; Wunch, Debra; O'Dell, Christopher
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    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-683-2016

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    • Akagi, S. K.; Yokelson, R. J.; Wiedinmyer, C.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-4039-2011

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    • Connor, Brian J.; Sherlock, Vanessa; Toon, Geoff
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    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-3513-2016

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    • Guerlet, S.; Butz, A.; Schepers, D.
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    • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50332

    The ACOS CO 2 retrieval algorithm – Part II: Global X CO 2 data characterization
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    • Crisp, D.; Fisher, B. M.; O'Dell, C.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 5, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-5-687-2012

    The ACOS CO 2 retrieval algorithm – Part 1: Description and validation against synthetic observations
    journal, January 2012

    • O'Dell, C. W.; Connor, B.; Bösch, H.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-5-99-2012

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    • Peters, W.; Jacobson, A. R.; Sweeney, C.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, Issue 48
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    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-2445-2016

    Validation of XCO 2 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data
    journal, January 2013


    Estimates of European uptake of CO 2 inferred from GOSAT X CO 2 retrievals: sensitivity to measurement bias inside and outside Europe
    journal, January 2016

    • Feng, L.; Palmer, P. I.; Parker, R. J.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-1289-2016

    Sensitivity analysis of the potential impact of discrepancies in stratosphere–troposphere exchange on inferred sources and sinks of CO 2
    journal, January 2015

    • Deng, F.; Jones, D. B. A.; Walker, T. W.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-11773-2015

    Quantifying errors in trace species transport modeling
    journal, December 2008

    • Prather, M. J.; Zhu, X.; Strahan, S. E.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 50
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0806541106

    The Bayesian Bootstrap
    journal, January 1981