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Title: Band Tailing and Deep Defect States in CH 3NH 3Pb(I 1–xBr x) 3 Perovskites As Revealed by Sub-Bandgap Photocurrent

Organometal halide perovskite semiconductors have emerged as promising candidates for optoelectronic applications because of the outstanding charge carrier transport properties, achieved with low-temperature synthesis. In this paper, we present highly sensitive sub-bandgap external quantum efficiency (EQE) measurements of Au/spiro-OMeTAD/CH 3NH 3Pb(I 1–xBr x) 3/TiO 2/FTO/glass photovoltaic devices. The room-temperature spectra show exponential band tails with a sharp onset characterized by low Urbach energies (E u) over the full halide composition space. The Urbach energies are 15–23 meV, lower than those for most semiconductors with similar bandgaps (especially with E g > 1.9 eV). Intentional aging of CH 3NH 3Pb(I 1–xBr x) 3 for up to 2300 h, reveals no change in E u, despite the appearance of the PbI 2 phase due to decomposition, and confirms a high degree of crystal ordering. Moreover, sub-bandgap EQE measurements reveal an extended band of sub-bandgap electronic states that can be fit with one or two point defects for pure CH 3NH 3PbI 3 or mixed CH 3NH 3Pb(I 1–xBr x) 3 compositions, respectively. Finally, the study provides experimental evidence of defect states close to the midgap that could impact photocarrier recombination and energy conversion efficiency in higher bandgap CH 3NH 3Pb(I 1–xBr x)more » 3 alloys.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; SC0012363
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); LBNL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1379750