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Title: Intergenerational responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles exposure

The intergenerational impact of engineered nanomaterials in plants is a major knowledge gap in the literature. A soil microcosm study was performed to assess the effects of multi-generational exposure of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO 2 -NPs). Seeds from plants that were exposed to 0, 125, and 500 mg CeO 2-NPs kg -1 soil (Ce-0, Ce-125 or Ce-500, respectively) in first generation (S1) were cultivated in factorial combinations of Ce-0, Ce-125 or Ce-500 to produce second generation (S2) plants. The factorial combinations for first/second generation treatments in Ce-125 were S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0, S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-125, S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-0 and S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-125, and in Ce-500 were S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0, S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-500, S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-0 and S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-500. Agronomic, elemental, isotopic, and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) data were collected on second generation plants. Results showed that plants treated during the first generation only with either Ce-125 or Ce-500 (e.g. S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-0 or S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-0) had reduced accumulation of Ce (61 or 50%), Fe (49 or 58%) and Mn (34 or 41%) in roots, and δ 15 N (11 or 8%) in grains compared to the plants not treated in both generations (i.e. S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0). Plants treated in both generations with Ce-125 (i.e. S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-125) produced grains that had lowermore » Mn, Ca, K, Mg and P relative to plants treated in the second generation only (i.e. S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-125). In addition, synchrotron XRF elemental chemistry maps of soil/plant thin-sections revealed limited transformation of CeO 2-NPs with no evidence of plant uptake or accumulation. The findings demonstrated that first generation exposure of wheat to CeO 2-NPs affects the physiology and nutrient profile of the second generation plants. However, the lack of concentration-dependent responses indicate that complex physiological processes are involved which alter uptake and metabolism of CeO 2-NPs in wheat.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab.; National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States)
  2. US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab.
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science: Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2051-8153
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1379632

Rico, Cyren M., Johnson, Mark G., Marcus, Matthew A., and Andersen, Christian P.. Intergenerational responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles exposure. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1039/C7EN00057J.
Rico, Cyren M., Johnson, Mark G., Marcus, Matthew A., & Andersen, Christian P.. Intergenerational responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles exposure. United States. doi:10.1039/C7EN00057J.
Rico, Cyren M., Johnson, Mark G., Marcus, Matthew A., and Andersen, Christian P.. 2017. "Intergenerational responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles exposure". United States. doi:10.1039/C7EN00057J. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379632.
@article{osti_1379632,
title = {Intergenerational responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles exposure},
author = {Rico, Cyren M. and Johnson, Mark G. and Marcus, Matthew A. and Andersen, Christian P.},
abstractNote = {The intergenerational impact of engineered nanomaterials in plants is a major knowledge gap in the literature. A soil microcosm study was performed to assess the effects of multi-generational exposure of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO 2 -NPs). Seeds from plants that were exposed to 0, 125, and 500 mg CeO2-NPs kg-1 soil (Ce-0, Ce-125 or Ce-500, respectively) in first generation (S1) were cultivated in factorial combinations of Ce-0, Ce-125 or Ce-500 to produce second generation (S2) plants. The factorial combinations for first/second generation treatments in Ce-125 were S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0, S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-125, S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-0 and S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-125, and in Ce-500 were S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0, S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-500, S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-0 and S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-500. Agronomic, elemental, isotopic, and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) data were collected on second generation plants. Results showed that plants treated during the first generation only with either Ce-125 or Ce-500 (e.g. S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-0 or S1-Ce-500/S2-Ce-0) had reduced accumulation of Ce (61 or 50%), Fe (49 or 58%) and Mn (34 or 41%) in roots, and δ15 N (11 or 8%) in grains compared to the plants not treated in both generations (i.e. S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-0). Plants treated in both generations with Ce-125 (i.e. S1-Ce-125/S2-Ce-125) produced grains that had lower Mn, Ca, K, Mg and P relative to plants treated in the second generation only (i.e. S1-Ce-0/S2-Ce-125). In addition, synchrotron XRF elemental chemistry maps of soil/plant thin-sections revealed limited transformation of CeO2-NPs with no evidence of plant uptake or accumulation. The findings demonstrated that first generation exposure of wheat to CeO2-NPs affects the physiology and nutrient profile of the second generation plants. However, the lack of concentration-dependent responses indicate that complex physiological processes are involved which alter uptake and metabolism of CeO2-NPs in wheat.},
doi = {10.1039/C7EN00057J},
journal = {Environmental Science: Nano},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}