skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Characterization of the Synthesis Process: Revealing the Interactions in Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Modified Sulfur–Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites

In this paper, we have investigated the chemical bonding interaction of S in a CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CH 3(CH 2) 15N +(CH 3) 3Br )-modified sulfur–graphene oxide (S–GO) nanocomposite used as the cathode material for Li/S cells by S K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The results show that the introduction of CTAB to the S–GO nanocomposite and changes in the synthesis recipe including alteration of the S precursor ratios and the sequence of mixing ingredients lead to the formation of different S species. CTAB modifies the cathode materials through bonding with Na 2S x in the precursor solution, which is subsequently converted to C–S bonds during the heat treatment at 155 °C. Moreover, GO bonds with CTAB and acts as the nucleation center for S precipitation. Finally, all these interactions among S, CTAB, and GO help to immobilize the sulfur in the cathode and may be responsible for the enhanced cell cycle life of CTAB–S–GO nanocomposite-based Li/S cells.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [2] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Harbin Inst. of Technology (China)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. Harbin Inst. of Technology (China)
  7. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China)
  8. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; 2013CB834605; U1232102; 21173200; 21473178; 2015SRG-HSC031; 2015HSC-UP022
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Basic Research Program of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Hefei Science Center of CAS (China)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1379346