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Title: Microstructure, crystallization and shape memory behavior of titania and yttria co-doped zirconia

Small volume zirconia ceramics with few or no grain boundaries have been demonstrated recently to exhibit the shape memory effect. To explore the shape memory properties of yttria doped zirconia (YDZ), it is desirable to develop large, microscale grains, instead of submicron grains that result from typical processing of YDZ. In this paper, we have successfully produced single crystal micro-pillars from microscale grains encouraged by the addition of titania during processing. Titania has been doped into YDZ ceramics and its effect on the grain growth, crystallization and microscale elemental distribution of the ceramics have been systematically studied. With 5 mol% titania doping, the grain size can be increased up to ~4 μm, while retaining a large quantity of the desired tetragonal phase of zirconia. Finally, micro-pillars machined from tetragonal grains exhibit the expected shape memory effects where pillars made from titania-free YDZ would not.
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  1. Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the European Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0955-2219
Research Org:
Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; titania doping; YDZ; microstructure; crystallization; elemental analysis; shape memory effect
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1250378