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Title: Searches for relativistic magnetic monopoles in IceCube

Abstract

Various extensions of the Standard Model motivate the existence of stable magnetic monopoles that could have been created during an early high-energy epoch of the Universe. These primordial magnetic monopoles would be gradually accelerated by cosmic magnetic fields and could reach high velocities that make them visible in Cherenkov detectors such as IceCube. Equivalently to electrically charged particles, magnetic monopoles produce direct and indirect Cherenkov light while traversing through matter at relativistic velocities. This paper describes searches for relativistic ((Formula presented.)) and mildly relativistic ((Formula presented.)) monopoles, each using one year of data taken in 2008/2009 and 2011/2012, respectively. No monopole candidate was detected. For a velocity above (Formula presented.) the monopole flux is constrained down to a level of (Formula presented.). This is an improvement of almost two orders of magnitude over previous limits.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
IceCube Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1379127
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410325
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 76; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aartsen, M. G., Abraham, K., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., Altmann, D., Anderson, T., Ansseau, I., Archinger, M., Arguelles, C., Arlen, T. C., Auffenberg, J., Bai, X., Barwick, S. W., Baum, V., Bay, R., Beatty, J. J., Tjus, J. Becker, Becker, K. -H., Beiser, E., Benabderrahmane, M. L., Berghaus, P., Berley, D., Bernardini, E., Bernhard, A., Besson, D. Z., Binder, G., Bindig, D., Bissok, M., Blaufuss, E., Blumenthal, J., Boersma, D. J., Bohm, C., Börner, M., Bos, F., Bose, D., Böser, S., Botner, O., Braun, J., Brayeur, L., Bretz, H. -P., Buzinsky, N., Casey, J., Casier, M., Cheung, E., Chirkin, D., Christov, A., Clark, K., Classen, L., Coenders, S., Cowen, D. F., Cruz Silva, A. H., Daughhetee, J., Davis, J. C., Day, M., de André, J. P. A. M., De Clercq, C., del Pino Rosendo, E., Dembinski, H., De Ridder, S., Desiati, P., de Vries, K. D., de Wasseige, G., de With, M., DeYoung, T., Díaz-Vélez, J. C., di Lorenzo, V., Dumm, J. P., Dunkman, M., Eberhardt, B., Ehrhardt, T., Eichmann, B., Euler, S., Evenson, P. A., Fahey, S., Fazely, A. R., Feintzeig, J., Felde, J., Filimonov, K., Finley, C., Fischer-Wasels, T., Flis, S., Fösig, C. -C., Fuchs, T., Gaisser, T. K., Gaior, R., Gallagher, J., Gerhardt, L., Ghorbani, K., Gier, D., Gladstone, L., Glagla, M., Glüsenkamp, T., Goldschmidt, A., Golup, G., Gonzalez, J. G., Góra, D., Grant, D., Griffith, Z., Groß, A., Ha, C., Haack, C., Haj Ismail, A., Hallgren, A., Halzen, F., Hansen, E., Hansmann, B., Hanson, K., Hebecker, D., Heereman, D., Helbing, K., Hellauer, R., Hickford, S., Hignight, J., Hill, G. C., Hoffman, K. D., Hoffmann, R., Holzapfel, K., Homeier, A., Hoshina, K., Huang, F., Huber, M., Huelsnitz, W., Hulth, P. O., Hultqvist, K., In, S., Ishihara, A., Jacobi, E., Japaridze, G. S., Jeong, M., Jero, K., Jurkovic, M., Kappes, A., Karg, T., Karle, A., Kauer, M., Keivani, A., Kelley, J. L., Kemp, J., Kheirandish, A., Kiryluk, J., Kläs, J., Klein, S. R., Kohnen, G., Koirala, R., Kolanoski, H., Konietz, R., Köpke, L., Kopper, C., Kopper, S., Koskinen, D. J., Kowalski, M., Krings, K., Kroll, G., Kroll, M., Krückl, G., Kunnen, J., Kurahashi, N., Kuwabara, T., Labare, M., Lanfranchi, J. L., Larson, M. J., Lesiak-Bzdak, M., Leuermann, M., Leuner, J., Lu, L., Lünemann, J., Madsen, J., Maggi, G., Mahn, K. B. M., Mandelartz, M., Maruyama, R., Mase, K., Matis, H. S., Maunu, R., McNally, F., Meagher, K., Medici, M., Meli, A., Menne, T., Merino, G., Meures, T., Miarecki, S., Middell, E., Mohrmann, L., Montaruli, T., Morse, R., Nahnhauer, R., Naumann, U., Neer, G., Niederhausen, H., Nowicki, S. C., Nygren, D. R., Obertacke Pollmann, A., Olivas, A., Omairat, A., O’Murchadha, A., Palczewski, T., Pandya, H., Pankova, D. V., Paul, L., Pepper, J. A., Pérez de los Heros, C., Pfendner, C., Pieloth, D., Pinat, E., Posselt, J., Price, P. B., Przybylski, G. T., Pütz, J., Quinnan, M., Raab, C., Rädel, L., Rameez, M., Rawlins, K., Reimann, R., Relich, M., Resconi, E., Rhode, W., Richman, M., Richter, S., Riedel, B., Robertson, S., Rongen, M., Rott, C., Ruhe, T., Ryckbosch, D., Sabbatini, L., Sander, H. -G., Sandrock, A., Sandroos, J., Sarkar, S., Schatto, K., Scheriau, F., Schimp, M., Schmidt, T., Schmitz, M., Schoenen, S., Schöneberg, S., Schönwald, A., Schulte, L., Schumacher, L., Seckel, D., Seunarine, S., Soldin, D., Song, M., Spiczak, G. M., Spiering, C., Stahlberg, M., Stamatikos, M., Stanev, T., Stasik, A., Steuer, A., Stezelberger, T., Stokstad, R. G., Stößl, A., Ström, R., Strotjohann, N. L., Sullivan, G. W., Sutherland, M., Taavola, H., Taboada, I., Tatar, J., Ter-Antonyan, S., Terliuk, A., Tešić, G., Tilav, S., Toale, P. A., Tobin, M. N., Toscano, S., Tosi, D., Tselengidou, M., Turcati, A., Unger, E., Usner, M., Vallecorsa, S., Vandenbroucke, J., van Eijndhoven, N., Vanheule, S., van Santen, J., Veenkamp, J., Vehring, M., Voge, M., Vraeghe, M., Walck, C., Wallace, A., Wallraff, M., Wandkowsky, N., Weaver, Ch., Wendt, C., Westerhoff, S., Whelan, B. J., Wiebe, K., Wiebusch, C. H., Wille, L., Williams, D. R., Wissing, H., Wolf, M., Wood, T. R., Woschnagg, K., Xu, D. L., Xu, X. W., Xu, Y., Yanez, J. P., Yodh, G., Yoshida, S., and Zoll, M. Searches for relativistic magnetic monopoles in IceCube. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3953-8.
Aartsen, M. G., Abraham, K., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., Altmann, D., Anderson, T., Ansseau, I., Archinger, M., Arguelles, C., Arlen, T. C., Auffenberg, J., Bai, X., Barwick, S. W., Baum, V., Bay, R., Beatty, J. J., Tjus, J. Becker, Becker, K. -H., Beiser, E., Benabderrahmane, M. L., Berghaus, P., Berley, D., Bernardini, E., Bernhard, A., Besson, D. Z., Binder, G., Bindig, D., Bissok, M., Blaufuss, E., Blumenthal, J., Boersma, D. J., Bohm, C., Börner, M., Bos, F., Bose, D., Böser, S., Botner, O., Braun, J., Brayeur, L., Bretz, H. -P., Buzinsky, N., Casey, J., Casier, M., Cheung, E., Chirkin, D., Christov, A., Clark, K., Classen, L., Coenders, S., Cowen, D. F., Cruz Silva, A. H., Daughhetee, J., Davis, J. C., Day, M., de André, J. P. A. M., De Clercq, C., del Pino Rosendo, E., Dembinski, H., De Ridder, S., Desiati, P., de Vries, K. D., de Wasseige, G., de With, M., DeYoung, T., Díaz-Vélez, J. C., di Lorenzo, V., Dumm, J. P., Dunkman, M., Eberhardt, B., Ehrhardt, T., Eichmann, B., Euler, S., Evenson, P. A., Fahey, S., Fazely, A. R., Feintzeig, J., Felde, J., Filimonov, K., Finley, C., Fischer-Wasels, T., Flis, S., Fösig, C. -C., Fuchs, T., Gaisser, T. K., Gaior, R., Gallagher, J., Gerhardt, L., Ghorbani, K., Gier, D., Gladstone, L., Glagla, M., Glüsenkamp, T., Goldschmidt, A., Golup, G., Gonzalez, J. G., Góra, D., Grant, D., Griffith, Z., Groß, A., Ha, C., Haack, C., Haj Ismail, A., Hallgren, A., Halzen, F., Hansen, E., Hansmann, B., Hanson, K., Hebecker, D., Heereman, D., Helbing, K., Hellauer, R., Hickford, S., Hignight, J., Hill, G. C., Hoffman, K. D., Hoffmann, R., Holzapfel, K., Homeier, A., Hoshina, K., Huang, F., Huber, M., Huelsnitz, W., Hulth, P. O., Hultqvist, K., In, S., Ishihara, A., Jacobi, E., Japaridze, G. S., Jeong, M., Jero, K., Jurkovic, M., Kappes, A., Karg, T., Karle, A., Kauer, M., Keivani, A., Kelley, J. L., Kemp, J., Kheirandish, A., Kiryluk, J., Kläs, J., Klein, S. R., Kohnen, G., Koirala, R., Kolanoski, H., Konietz, R., Köpke, L., Kopper, C., Kopper, S., Koskinen, D. J., Kowalski, M., Krings, K., Kroll, G., Kroll, M., Krückl, G., Kunnen, J., Kurahashi, N., Kuwabara, T., Labare, M., Lanfranchi, J. L., Larson, M. J., Lesiak-Bzdak, M., Leuermann, M., Leuner, J., Lu, L., Lünemann, J., Madsen, J., Maggi, G., Mahn, K. B. M., Mandelartz, M., Maruyama, R., Mase, K., Matis, H. S., Maunu, R., McNally, F., Meagher, K., Medici, M., Meli, A., Menne, T., Merino, G., Meures, T., Miarecki, S., Middell, E., Mohrmann, L., Montaruli, T., Morse, R., Nahnhauer, R., Naumann, U., Neer, G., Niederhausen, H., Nowicki, S. C., Nygren, D. R., Obertacke Pollmann, A., Olivas, A., Omairat, A., O’Murchadha, A., Palczewski, T., Pandya, H., Pankova, D. V., Paul, L., Pepper, J. A., Pérez de los Heros, C., Pfendner, C., Pieloth, D., Pinat, E., Posselt, J., Price, P. B., Przybylski, G. T., Pütz, J., Quinnan, M., Raab, C., Rädel, L., Rameez, M., Rawlins, K., Reimann, R., Relich, M., Resconi, E., Rhode, W., Richman, M., Richter, S., Riedel, B., Robertson, S., Rongen, M., Rott, C., Ruhe, T., Ryckbosch, D., Sabbatini, L., Sander, H. -G., Sandrock, A., Sandroos, J., Sarkar, S., Schatto, K., Scheriau, F., Schimp, M., Schmidt, T., Schmitz, M., Schoenen, S., Schöneberg, S., Schönwald, A., Schulte, L., Schumacher, L., Seckel, D., Seunarine, S., Soldin, D., Song, M., Spiczak, G. M., Spiering, C., Stahlberg, M., Stamatikos, M., Stanev, T., Stasik, A., Steuer, A., Stezelberger, T., Stokstad, R. G., Stößl, A., Ström, R., Strotjohann, N. L., Sullivan, G. W., Sutherland, M., Taavola, H., Taboada, I., Tatar, J., Ter-Antonyan, S., Terliuk, A., Tešić, G., Tilav, S., Toale, P. A., Tobin, M. N., Toscano, S., Tosi, D., Tselengidou, M., Turcati, A., Unger, E., Usner, M., Vallecorsa, S., Vandenbroucke, J., van Eijndhoven, N., Vanheule, S., van Santen, J., Veenkamp, J., Vehring, M., Voge, M., Vraeghe, M., Walck, C., Wallace, A., Wallraff, M., Wandkowsky, N., Weaver, Ch., Wendt, C., Westerhoff, S., Whelan, B. J., Wiebe, K., Wiebusch, C. H., Wille, L., Williams, D. R., Wissing, H., Wolf, M., Wood, T. R., Woschnagg, K., Xu, D. L., Xu, X. W., Xu, Y., Yanez, J. P., Yodh, G., Yoshida, S., & Zoll, M. Searches for relativistic magnetic monopoles in IceCube. United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3953-8.
Aartsen, M. G., Abraham, K., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., Altmann, D., Anderson, T., Ansseau, I., Archinger, M., Arguelles, C., Arlen, T. C., Auffenberg, J., Bai, X., Barwick, S. W., Baum, V., Bay, R., Beatty, J. J., Tjus, J. Becker, Becker, K. -H., Beiser, E., Benabderrahmane, M. L., Berghaus, P., Berley, D., Bernardini, E., Bernhard, A., Besson, D. Z., Binder, G., Bindig, D., Bissok, M., Blaufuss, E., Blumenthal, J., Boersma, D. J., Bohm, C., Börner, M., Bos, F., Bose, D., Böser, S., Botner, O., Braun, J., Brayeur, L., Bretz, H. -P., Buzinsky, N., Casey, J., Casier, M., Cheung, E., Chirkin, D., Christov, A., Clark, K., Classen, L., Coenders, S., Cowen, D. F., Cruz Silva, A. H., Daughhetee, J., Davis, J. C., Day, M., de André, J. P. A. M., De Clercq, C., del Pino Rosendo, E., Dembinski, H., De Ridder, S., Desiati, P., de Vries, K. D., de Wasseige, G., de With, M., DeYoung, T., Díaz-Vélez, J. C., di Lorenzo, V., Dumm, J. P., Dunkman, M., Eberhardt, B., Ehrhardt, T., Eichmann, B., Euler, S., Evenson, P. A., Fahey, S., Fazely, A. R., Feintzeig, J., Felde, J., Filimonov, K., Finley, C., Fischer-Wasels, T., Flis, S., Fösig, C. -C., Fuchs, T., Gaisser, T. K., Gaior, R., Gallagher, J., Gerhardt, L., Ghorbani, K., Gier, D., Gladstone, L., Glagla, M., Glüsenkamp, T., Goldschmidt, A., Golup, G., Gonzalez, J. G., Góra, D., Grant, D., Griffith, Z., Groß, A., Ha, C., Haack, C., Haj Ismail, A., Hallgren, A., Halzen, F., Hansen, E., Hansmann, B., Hanson, K., Hebecker, D., Heereman, D., Helbing, K., Hellauer, R., Hickford, S., Hignight, J., Hill, G. C., Hoffman, K. D., Hoffmann, R., Holzapfel, K., Homeier, A., Hoshina, K., Huang, F., Huber, M., Huelsnitz, W., Hulth, P. O., Hultqvist, K., In, S., Ishihara, A., Jacobi, E., Japaridze, G. S., Jeong, M., Jero, K., Jurkovic, M., Kappes, A., Karg, T., Karle, A., Kauer, M., Keivani, A., Kelley, J. L., Kemp, J., Kheirandish, A., Kiryluk, J., Kläs, J., Klein, S. R., Kohnen, G., Koirala, R., Kolanoski, H., Konietz, R., Köpke, L., Kopper, C., Kopper, S., Koskinen, D. J., Kowalski, M., Krings, K., Kroll, G., Kroll, M., Krückl, G., Kunnen, J., Kurahashi, N., Kuwabara, T., Labare, M., Lanfranchi, J. L., Larson, M. J., Lesiak-Bzdak, M., Leuermann, M., Leuner, J., Lu, L., Lünemann, J., Madsen, J., Maggi, G., Mahn, K. B. M., Mandelartz, M., Maruyama, R., Mase, K., Matis, H. S., Maunu, R., McNally, F., Meagher, K., Medici, M., Meli, A., Menne, T., Merino, G., Meures, T., Miarecki, S., Middell, E., Mohrmann, L., Montaruli, T., Morse, R., Nahnhauer, R., Naumann, U., Neer, G., Niederhausen, H., Nowicki, S. C., Nygren, D. R., Obertacke Pollmann, A., Olivas, A., Omairat, A., O’Murchadha, A., Palczewski, T., Pandya, H., Pankova, D. V., Paul, L., Pepper, J. A., Pérez de los Heros, C., Pfendner, C., Pieloth, D., Pinat, E., Posselt, J., Price, P. B., Przybylski, G. T., Pütz, J., Quinnan, M., Raab, C., Rädel, L., Rameez, M., Rawlins, K., Reimann, R., Relich, M., Resconi, E., Rhode, W., Richman, M., Richter, S., Riedel, B., Robertson, S., Rongen, M., Rott, C., Ruhe, T., Ryckbosch, D., Sabbatini, L., Sander, H. -G., Sandrock, A., Sandroos, J., Sarkar, S., Schatto, K., Scheriau, F., Schimp, M., Schmidt, T., Schmitz, M., Schoenen, S., Schöneberg, S., Schönwald, A., Schulte, L., Schumacher, L., Seckel, D., Seunarine, S., Soldin, D., Song, M., Spiczak, G. M., Spiering, C., Stahlberg, M., Stamatikos, M., Stanev, T., Stasik, A., Steuer, A., Stezelberger, T., Stokstad, R. G., Stößl, A., Ström, R., Strotjohann, N. L., Sullivan, G. W., Sutherland, M., Taavola, H., Taboada, I., Tatar, J., Ter-Antonyan, S., Terliuk, A., Tešić, G., Tilav, S., Toale, P. A., Tobin, M. N., Toscano, S., Tosi, D., Tselengidou, M., Turcati, A., Unger, E., Usner, M., Vallecorsa, S., Vandenbroucke, J., van Eijndhoven, N., Vanheule, S., van Santen, J., Veenkamp, J., Vehring, M., Voge, M., Vraeghe, M., Walck, C., Wallace, A., Wallraff, M., Wandkowsky, N., Weaver, Ch., Wendt, C., Westerhoff, S., Whelan, B. J., Wiebe, K., Wiebusch, C. H., Wille, L., Williams, D. R., Wissing, H., Wolf, M., Wood, T. R., Woschnagg, K., Xu, D. L., Xu, X. W., Xu, Y., Yanez, J. P., Yodh, G., Yoshida, S., and Zoll, M. Thu . "Searches for relativistic magnetic monopoles in IceCube". United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3953-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379127.
@article{osti_1379127,
title = {Searches for relativistic magnetic monopoles in IceCube},
author = {Aartsen, M. G. and Abraham, K. and Ackermann, M. and Adams, J. and Aguilar, J. A. and Ahlers, M. and Ahrens, M. and Altmann, D. and Anderson, T. and Ansseau, I. and Archinger, M. and Arguelles, C. and Arlen, T. C. and Auffenberg, J. and Bai, X. and Barwick, S. W. and Baum, V. and Bay, R. and Beatty, J. J. and Tjus, J. Becker and Becker, K. -H. and Beiser, E. and Benabderrahmane, M. L. and Berghaus, P. and Berley, D. and Bernardini, E. and Bernhard, A. and Besson, D. Z. and Binder, G. and Bindig, D. and Bissok, M. and Blaufuss, E. and Blumenthal, J. and Boersma, D. J. and Bohm, C. and Börner, M. and Bos, F. and Bose, D. and Böser, S. and Botner, O. and Braun, J. and Brayeur, L. and Bretz, H. -P. and Buzinsky, N. and Casey, J. and Casier, M. and Cheung, E. and Chirkin, D. and Christov, A. and Clark, K. and Classen, L. and Coenders, S. and Cowen, D. F. and Cruz Silva, A. H. and Daughhetee, J. and Davis, J. C. and Day, M. and de André, J. P. A. M. and De Clercq, C. and del Pino Rosendo, E. and Dembinski, H. and De Ridder, S. and Desiati, P. and de Vries, K. D. and de Wasseige, G. and de With, M. and DeYoung, T. and Díaz-Vélez, J. C. and di Lorenzo, V. and Dumm, J. P. and Dunkman, M. and Eberhardt, B. and Ehrhardt, T. and Eichmann, B. and Euler, S. and Evenson, P. A. and Fahey, S. and Fazely, A. R. and Feintzeig, J. and Felde, J. and Filimonov, K. and Finley, C. and Fischer-Wasels, T. and Flis, S. and Fösig, C. -C. and Fuchs, T. and Gaisser, T. K. and Gaior, R. and Gallagher, J. and Gerhardt, L. and Ghorbani, K. and Gier, D. and Gladstone, L. and Glagla, M. and Glüsenkamp, T. and Goldschmidt, A. and Golup, G. and Gonzalez, J. G. and Góra, D. and Grant, D. and Griffith, Z. and Groß, A. and Ha, C. and Haack, C. and Haj Ismail, A. and Hallgren, A. and Halzen, F. and Hansen, E. and Hansmann, B. and Hanson, K. and Hebecker, D. and Heereman, D. and Helbing, K. and Hellauer, R. and Hickford, S. and Hignight, J. and Hill, G. C. and Hoffman, K. D. and Hoffmann, R. and Holzapfel, K. and Homeier, A. and Hoshina, K. and Huang, F. and Huber, M. and Huelsnitz, W. and Hulth, P. O. and Hultqvist, K. and In, S. and Ishihara, A. and Jacobi, E. and Japaridze, G. S. and Jeong, M. and Jero, K. and Jurkovic, M. and Kappes, A. and Karg, T. and Karle, A. and Kauer, M. and Keivani, A. and Kelley, J. L. and Kemp, J. and Kheirandish, A. and Kiryluk, J. and Kläs, J. and Klein, S. R. and Kohnen, G. and Koirala, R. and Kolanoski, H. and Konietz, R. and Köpke, L. and Kopper, C. and Kopper, S. and Koskinen, D. J. and Kowalski, M. and Krings, K. and Kroll, G. and Kroll, M. and Krückl, G. and Kunnen, J. and Kurahashi, N. and Kuwabara, T. and Labare, M. and Lanfranchi, J. L. and Larson, M. J. and Lesiak-Bzdak, M. and Leuermann, M. and Leuner, J. and Lu, L. and Lünemann, J. and Madsen, J. and Maggi, G. and Mahn, K. B. M. and Mandelartz, M. and Maruyama, R. and Mase, K. and Matis, H. S. and Maunu, R. and McNally, F. and Meagher, K. and Medici, M. and Meli, A. and Menne, T. and Merino, G. and Meures, T. and Miarecki, S. and Middell, E. and Mohrmann, L. and Montaruli, T. and Morse, R. and Nahnhauer, R. and Naumann, U. and Neer, G. and Niederhausen, H. and Nowicki, S. C. and Nygren, D. R. and Obertacke Pollmann, A. and Olivas, A. and Omairat, A. and O’Murchadha, A. and Palczewski, T. and Pandya, H. and Pankova, D. V. and Paul, L. and Pepper, J. A. and Pérez de los Heros, C. and Pfendner, C. and Pieloth, D. and Pinat, E. and Posselt, J. and Price, P. B. and Przybylski, G. 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abstractNote = {Various extensions of the Standard Model motivate the existence of stable magnetic monopoles that could have been created during an early high-energy epoch of the Universe. These primordial magnetic monopoles would be gradually accelerated by cosmic magnetic fields and could reach high velocities that make them visible in Cherenkov detectors such as IceCube. Equivalently to electrically charged particles, magnetic monopoles produce direct and indirect Cherenkov light while traversing through matter at relativistic velocities. This paper describes searches for relativistic ((Formula presented.)) and mildly relativistic ((Formula presented.)) monopoles, each using one year of data taken in 2008/2009 and 2011/2012, respectively. No monopole candidate was detected. For a velocity above (Formula presented.) the monopole flux is constrained down to a level of (Formula presented.). This is an improvement of almost two orders of magnitude over previous limits.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3953-8},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 3,
volume = 76,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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