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Title: Search for double-beta decay of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba with the KamLAND-Zen experiment

Abstract

A search for double-beta decays of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba has been performed with the first phase data set of the KamLAND-Zen experiment. The 01+ , 21+ and 22+ transitions of 0νββ decay were evaluated in an exposure of 89.5 kg•yr of 136Xe, while the same transitions of 2νββ decay were evaluated in an exposure of 61.8 kg•yr. No excess over background was found for all decay modes. The lower half-life limits of the 21+ state transitions of 0νββ and 2νββ decay were improved to T$$0v\atop{1/2}$$(0+ →21+) > 2.6×1025 yr and T$$2v\atop{1/2}$$ (0+ →21+) > 4.6×1023 yr (90% C.L.), respectively. We report on the first experimental lower half-life limits for the transitions to the 01+ state of 136Xe for 0νββ and 2νββ decay. They are T$$0v\atop{1/2}$$(0+ →01+) > 2.4×1025 yr and T$$2v\atop{1/2}$$(0+ →01+) > 8.3×1023 yr (90% C.L.). The transitions to the 22+ states are also evaluated for the first time to be T$$0v\atop{1/2}$$(0+ →22+) > 2.6×1025 yr and T$$2v\atop{1/2}$$(0+ →22+) > 9.0×1023 yr (90% C.L.). Finally, these results are compared to recent theoretical predictions.

Authors:
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  1. Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Research Center for Neutrino Science
  2. Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Research Center for Neutrino Science; The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  3. The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  4. Osaka University, Toyonaka (Japan). Graduate School of Science
  5. University of Tokushima (Japan). Faculty of Integrated Arts and Science
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Physics Department; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Physics Department; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  8. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  9. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); National Research Nuclear University, Moscow (Russia); The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  10. Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Durham, NC (United States); Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC (United States); Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Physics Dept.
  11. Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Durham, NC (United States); Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC (United States); Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Physics Dept.; Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  12. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics; Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
  13. Nikhef and the University of Amsterdam, Science Park, Amsterdam (The Netherlands); Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1379070
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359697
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Physics. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 946; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0375-9474
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Double-beta decay; 136Xe; Excited state

Citation Formats

Asakura, K., Gando, A., Gando, Y., Hachiya, T., Hayashida, S., Ikeda, H., Inoue, K., Ishidoshiro, K., Ishikawa, T., Ishio, S., Koga, M., Matsuda, S., Mitsui, T., Motoki, D., Nakamura, K., Obara, S., Otani, M., Oura, T., Shimizu, I., Shirahata, Y., Shirai, J., Suzuki, A., Tachibana, H., Tamae, K., Ueshima, K., Watanabe, H., Xu, B. D., Yoshida, H., Kozlov, A., Takemoto, Y., Yoshida, S., Fushimi, K., Banks, T. I., Berger, B. E., Fujikawa, B. K., O'Donnell, T., Winslow, L. A., Efremenko, Y., Karwowski, H. J., Markoff, D. M., Tornow, W., Detwiler, J. A., Enomoto, S., and Decowski, M. P. Search for double-beta decay of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba with the KamLAND-Zen experiment. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2015.11.011.
Asakura, K., Gando, A., Gando, Y., Hachiya, T., Hayashida, S., Ikeda, H., Inoue, K., Ishidoshiro, K., Ishikawa, T., Ishio, S., Koga, M., Matsuda, S., Mitsui, T., Motoki, D., Nakamura, K., Obara, S., Otani, M., Oura, T., Shimizu, I., Shirahata, Y., Shirai, J., Suzuki, A., Tachibana, H., Tamae, K., Ueshima, K., Watanabe, H., Xu, B. D., Yoshida, H., Kozlov, A., Takemoto, Y., Yoshida, S., Fushimi, K., Banks, T. I., Berger, B. E., Fujikawa, B. K., O'Donnell, T., Winslow, L. A., Efremenko, Y., Karwowski, H. J., Markoff, D. M., Tornow, W., Detwiler, J. A., Enomoto, S., & Decowski, M. P. Search for double-beta decay of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba with the KamLAND-Zen experiment. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2015.11.011
Asakura, K., Gando, A., Gando, Y., Hachiya, T., Hayashida, S., Ikeda, H., Inoue, K., Ishidoshiro, K., Ishikawa, T., Ishio, S., Koga, M., Matsuda, S., Mitsui, T., Motoki, D., Nakamura, K., Obara, S., Otani, M., Oura, T., Shimizu, I., Shirahata, Y., Shirai, J., Suzuki, A., Tachibana, H., Tamae, K., Ueshima, K., Watanabe, H., Xu, B. D., Yoshida, H., Kozlov, A., Takemoto, Y., Yoshida, S., Fushimi, K., Banks, T. I., Berger, B. E., Fujikawa, B. K., O'Donnell, T., Winslow, L. A., Efremenko, Y., Karwowski, H. J., Markoff, D. M., Tornow, W., Detwiler, J. A., Enomoto, S., and Decowski, M. P. Fri . "Search for double-beta decay of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba with the KamLAND-Zen experiment". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2015.11.011. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379070.
@article{osti_1379070,
title = {Search for double-beta decay of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba with the KamLAND-Zen experiment},
author = {Asakura, K. and Gando, A. and Gando, Y. and Hachiya, T. and Hayashida, S. and Ikeda, H. and Inoue, K. and Ishidoshiro, K. and Ishikawa, T. and Ishio, S. and Koga, M. and Matsuda, S. and Mitsui, T. and Motoki, D. and Nakamura, K. and Obara, S. and Otani, M. and Oura, T. and Shimizu, I. and Shirahata, Y. and Shirai, J. and Suzuki, A. and Tachibana, H. and Tamae, K. and Ueshima, K. and Watanabe, H. and Xu, B. D. and Yoshida, H. and Kozlov, A. and Takemoto, Y. and Yoshida, S. and Fushimi, K. and Banks, T. I. and Berger, B. E. and Fujikawa, B. K. and O'Donnell, T. and Winslow, L. A. and Efremenko, Y. and Karwowski, H. J. and Markoff, D. M. and Tornow, W. and Detwiler, J. A. and Enomoto, S. and Decowski, M. P.},
abstractNote = {A search for double-beta decays of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba has been performed with the first phase data set of the KamLAND-Zen experiment. The 01+ , 21+ and 22+ transitions of 0νββ decay were evaluated in an exposure of 89.5 kg•yr of 136Xe, while the same transitions of 2νββ decay were evaluated in an exposure of 61.8 kg•yr. No excess over background was found for all decay modes. The lower half-life limits of the 21+ state transitions of 0νββ and 2νββ decay were improved to T$0v\atop{1/2}$(0+ →21+) > 2.6×1025 yr and T$2v\atop{1/2}$ (0+ →21+) > 4.6×1023 yr (90% C.L.), respectively. We report on the first experimental lower half-life limits for the transitions to the 01+ state of 136Xe for 0νββ and 2νββ decay. They are T$0v\atop{1/2}$(0+ →01+) > 2.4×1025 yr and T$2v\atop{1/2}$(0+ →01+) > 8.3×1023 yr (90% C.L.). The transitions to the 22+ states are also evaluated for the first time to be T$0v\atop{1/2}$(0+ →22+) > 2.6×1025 yr and T$2v\atop{1/2}$(0+ →22+) > 9.0×1023 yr (90% C.L.). Finally, these results are compared to recent theoretical predictions.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2015.11.011},
journal = {Nuclear Physics. A},
number = C,
volume = 946,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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Double beta decay to the excited states: Review
conference, January 2017

  • Barabash, A. S.
  • PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF GLOBAL NETWORK FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND AWAM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING (IGNITE-AICCE’17): Sustainable Technology And Practice For Infrastructure and Community Resilience, AIP Conference Proceedings
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Search for neutrinoless double beta decay
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Presupernova neutrino events relating to the final evolution of massive stars
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Combining texture zeros with a remnant CP symmetry in the minimal type-I seesaw
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Perturbation to TBM mixing and its phenomenological implications
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Presupernova neutrino events relating to the final evolution of massive stars
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Double Beta Decay to the Excited States: Review
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