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Title: Characterization of Three Novel SXT/R391 Integrating Conjugative Elements ICE MfuInd1a and ICE MfuInd1b, and ICE MprChn1 Identified in the Genomes of Marinomonas fungiae JCM 18476 T and Marinomonas profundimaris Strain D104

The genus Marinomonas comprises Gram negative bacteria which are widespread in the marine environment and there is no report on the genomic analysis of SXT/R391 ICEs derived from this group of bacteria. This study describes the genomic features of three new SXT/R391 integrating conjugating elements (ICEs) identified in the genome of Marinomonas fungiae JCM 18476 T (ICE MfuInd1a and ICE MfuInd1b) and in Marinomonas profundimaris strain D104 (ICE MprChn1). Structural organizations of the three ICEs were similar to the typical SXT/R391 family of ICEs and showed high degree of conservation in the core genes. Sequence analysis revealed ICE MfuInd1b and ICE MprChn1 were inserted into the genome at 5'-end of an typical host prfC gene, while ICE MfuInd1a was inserted at 5'-end of an atypical hipA-like gene. Despite their coexistence, the ICE MfuInd1a and ICE MfuInd1b were not present in a tandem fashion in the genome of M. fungiae. Phylogenetic analyses revealed the three ICEs either evolved independently or high degrees of recombination events had masked their evolution from a common SXT ancestor. Further, we found that the typical entry exclusion mechanism mediated by the TraG/EeX protein pair was likely defective in preventing the conjugative transfer of a second copymore » of the same S (SXT) group ICE into the M. fungiae genome due to mutations. Our analysis showed the presence of 16, 25, and 27 variable genes in the hotspots of ICE MfuInd1a, ICE MfuInd1b, and ICE MprChn1, respectively, many of which were not reported earlier for SXT/R391 ICEs. Sequence analysis predicted these hot spot regions were shaped by acquisition of genes through homologous recombination between the SXT and R391 related ICEs or mobile genetic elements present in disparate marine bacteria. Multidrug resistance genes which are hallmark feature of SXT/R391 ICEs were not present in either of the two ICEs from M. fungiae but were present within a transposon cassette in the HS-1 of the ICE MprChn1 from M. profundimaris. Lastly, our data provided information on the genetic diversity and predicted functions encoded by variable genes present in the hotspot regions of these new ICEs.« less
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar (India)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Microbiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1664-302X
Frontiers Research Foundation
Research Org:
Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar (India)
Sponsoring Org:
US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (United States); USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; SXT/R391 ICEs; mobile genetic elements; Marinomonas; genomic analysis; hotspots
OSTI Identifier: