skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Assessing Earthquake-Induced Tree Mortality in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study from Wenchuan, China

Abstract

Earthquakes can produce significant tree mortality, and consequently affect regional carbon dynamics. Unfortunately, detailed studies quantifying the influence of earthquake on forest mortality are currently rare. The committed forest biomass carbon loss associated with the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China is assessed by a synthetic approach in this study that integrated field investigation, remote sensing analysis, empirical models and Monte Carlo simulation. The newly developed approach significantly improved the forest disturbance evaluation by quantitatively defining the earthquake impact boundary and detailed field survey to validate the mortality models. Based on our approach, a total biomass carbon of 10.9 Tg·C was lost in Wenchuan earthquake, which offset 0.23% of the living biomass carbon stock in Chinese forests. Tree mortality was highly clustered at epicenter, and declined rapidly with distance away from the fault zone. It is suggested that earthquakes represent a signif icant driver to forest carbon dynamics, and the earthquake-induced biomass carbon loss should be included in estimating forest carbon budgets.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu (China); Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu (China)
  3. Univ. of Redlands, Redlands, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1378732
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Remote Sensing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2072-4292
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; synthetic approach; earthquake; remote sensing; forest mortality; biomass carbon loss

Citation Formats

Zeng, Hongcheng, Lu, Tao, Jenkins, Hillary, Negron-Juarez, Robinson, and Xu, Jiceng. Assessing Earthquake-Induced Tree Mortality in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study from Wenchuan, China. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.3390/rs8030252.
Zeng, Hongcheng, Lu, Tao, Jenkins, Hillary, Negron-Juarez, Robinson, & Xu, Jiceng. Assessing Earthquake-Induced Tree Mortality in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study from Wenchuan, China. United States. doi:10.3390/rs8030252.
Zeng, Hongcheng, Lu, Tao, Jenkins, Hillary, Negron-Juarez, Robinson, and Xu, Jiceng. Thu . "Assessing Earthquake-Induced Tree Mortality in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study from Wenchuan, China". United States. doi:10.3390/rs8030252. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1378732.
@article{osti_1378732,
title = {Assessing Earthquake-Induced Tree Mortality in Temperate Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study from Wenchuan, China},
author = {Zeng, Hongcheng and Lu, Tao and Jenkins, Hillary and Negron-Juarez, Robinson and Xu, Jiceng},
abstractNote = {Earthquakes can produce significant tree mortality, and consequently affect regional carbon dynamics. Unfortunately, detailed studies quantifying the influence of earthquake on forest mortality are currently rare. The committed forest biomass carbon loss associated with the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China is assessed by a synthetic approach in this study that integrated field investigation, remote sensing analysis, empirical models and Monte Carlo simulation. The newly developed approach significantly improved the forest disturbance evaluation by quantitatively defining the earthquake impact boundary and detailed field survey to validate the mortality models. Based on our approach, a total biomass carbon of 10.9 Tg·C was lost in Wenchuan earthquake, which offset 0.23% of the living biomass carbon stock in Chinese forests. Tree mortality was highly clustered at epicenter, and declined rapidly with distance away from the fault zone. It is suggested that earthquakes represent a signif icant driver to forest carbon dynamics, and the earthquake-induced biomass carbon loss should be included in estimating forest carbon budgets.},
doi = {10.3390/rs8030252},
journal = {Remote Sensing},
number = 3,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change
journal, April 2008

  • Kurz, W. A.; Dymond, C. C.; Stinson, G.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7190
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06777

Differential responses of shrubs and herbs present at the Upper Minjiang River basin (Tibetan Plateau) to several soil variables
journal, November 2006


A framework for simulating map error in ecosystem models
journal, July 2014

  • Healey, Sean P.; Urbanski, Shawn P.; Patterson, Paul L.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 150
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.04.028

Hurricane Katrina's Carbon Footprint on U.S. Gulf Coast Forests
journal, November 2007


Increasing storm damage to forests in Switzerland from 1858 to 2007
journal, January 2010


ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE: Slow in, Rapid out--Carbon Flux Studies and Kyoto Targets
journal, May 2003


Immediate Damage by an Earthquake to a Temperate Montane Forest
journal, March 1999


Hurricane Katrina impacts on forest trees of Louisiana's Pearl River basin
journal, August 2008

  • Chapman, Elise L.; Chambers, Jeffrey Q.; Ribbeck, Kenny F.
  • Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 256, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2008.05.057

Amazon Forests Green-Up During 2005 Drought
journal, September 2007


Spatial distribution of landslides triggered by the 2008 Ms 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake, China
journal, March 2011


Multi-scale sensitivity of Landsat and MODIS to forest disturbance associated with tropical cyclones
journal, January 2014

  • Negrón-Juárez, Robinson; Baker, David B.; Chambers, Jeffrey Q.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 140
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.09.028

Estimating Wenchuan Earthquake induced landslides based on remote sensing
journal, July 2010

  • Zhang, Wenjiang; Lin, Jiayuan; Peng, Jian
  • International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 31, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1080/01431161003727630

Evidence for environmentally enhanced forest growth
journal, June 2014

  • Fang, Jingyun; Kato, Tomomichi; Guo, Zhaodi
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402333111

The land use and land cover change database and its relative studies in China
journal, July 2002

  • Jiyuan, Liu; Mingliang, Liu; Xiangzheng, Deng
  • Journal of Geographical Sciences, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02837545

Regional drought-induced reduction in the biomass carbon sink of Canada's boreal forests
journal, January 2012

  • Ma, Z.; Peng, C.; Zhu, Q.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1111576109

Vegetation recovery monitoring and assessment at landslides caused by earthquake in Central Taiwan
journal, May 2005


Landscape-scale changes in forest structure and functional traits along an Andes-to-Amazon elevation gradient
journal, January 2014


Recent burning of boreal forests exceeds fire regime limits of the past 10,000 years
journal, July 2013

  • Kelly, R.; Chipman, M. L.; Higuera, P. E.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1305069110

Effect of the Sumatran mega-earthquake on the global magnitude cut-off and event rate
journal, March 2008

  • Main, Ian G.; Li, Lun; McCloskey, John
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo141

Mudslide-caused ecosystem degradation following Wenchuan earthquake 2008
journal, January 2009

  • Ren, Diandong; Wang, Jiahu; Fu, Rong
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL036702

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Interferometry for Assessing Wenchuan Earthquake (2008) Deforestation in the Sichuan Giant Panda Site
journal, July 2014

  • Chen, Fulong; Guo, Huadong; Ishwaran, Natarajan
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs6076283

Distribution pattern of earthquake-induced landslides triggered by the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
journal, October 2011


Combining spectral and spatial information to map canopy damage from selective logging and forest fires
journal, October 2005

  • Souza, Carlos M.; Roberts, Dar A.; Cochrane, Mark A.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 98, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.013

Changes in Forest Biomass Carbon Storage in China Between 1949 and 1998
journal, June 2001


Earthquake-Caused Landslides: A Major Disturbance to Tropical Forests
journal, September 1979


Belowground biomass dynamics in the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector: recent improvements and implications for the estimation of NPP and NEP
journal, January 2003

  • Li, Zhong; Kurz, Werner A.; Apps, Michael J.
  • Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1139/x02-165

The landslide story
journal, April 2013

  • Huang, Runqiu; Fan, Xuanmei
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1806

Estimated Biomass and Productivity of Natural Vegetation on the Tibetan Plateau
journal, August 2002


Earthquake impacts in old‐growth Nothofagus forests in New Zealand
journal, February 2001

  • Vittoz, Pascal; Stewart, Glenn H.; Duncan, Richard P.
  • Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.2307/3236856

Buried Wood: A Common Yet Poorly Documented Form of Deadwood
journal, February 2015


A Deeply Scarred Land
journal, May 2009


Notes on Continuous Stochastic Phenomena
journal, January 1950


Evaluating the Vegetation Recovery in the Damage Area of Wenchuan Earthquake Using MODIS Data
journal, July 2015

  • Jiang, Wei-Guo; Jia, Kai; Wu, Jian-Jun
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs70708757

The 2010-2014.3 global earthquake rate increase: PARSONS AND GEIST; GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE RATE INCREASE
journal, July 2014

  • Parsons, Tom; Geist, Eric L.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060513