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Title: Interface mixing and its impact on exchange coupling in exchange biased systems

Exchange bias and interlayer exchange coupling are interface driven phenomena. Since an ideal interface is very challenging to achieve, a clear understanding of the chemical and magnetic natures of interfaces is pivotal to identify their influence on the magnetism. We have chosen Ni 80Fe 20/CoO(t CoO)/Co trilayers as a model system, and identified non-stoichiometric Ni-ferrite and Co-ferrite at the surface and interface, respectively. These ferrites, being ferrimagnets typically, should influence the exchange coupling. But, in our trilayers the interface ferrites were found not to be ferro-or ferri-magnetic; thus having no observable influence on the exchange coupling. Our analysis also revealed that (i) interlayer exchange coupling was present between Ni 80Fe 20 and Co even though the interlayer thickness was significantly larger than expected for this phenomenon to happen, and (ii) the majority of the CoO layer (except some portion near the interface) did not contribute to the observed exchange bias. Here, we also identified that the interlayer exchange coupling and the exchange bias properties were not interdependent.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. National Chung Hsing Univ., Taichung (Taiwan). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 48; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI)
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Exchange bias; Interlayer exchange coupling; interface mixing; x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS); x-ray magnetic circular dichrosim (XMCD)
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1328246