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Title: Discovering new events beyond the catalogue—application of empirical matched field processing to Salton Sea geothermal field seismicity

Using empirical matched field processing (MFP), we compare 4 yr of continuous seismic data to a set of 195 master templates from within an active geothermal field and identify over 140 per cent more events than were identified using traditional detection and location techniques alone. In managed underground reservoirs, a substantial fraction of seismic events can be excluded from the official catalogue due to an inability to clearly identify seismic-phase onsets. Empirical MFP can improve the effectiveness of current seismic detection and location methodologies by using conventionally located events with higher signal-to-noise ratios as master events to define wavefield templates that could then be used to map normally discarded indistinct seismicity. Since MFP does not require picking, it can be carried out automatically and rapidly once suitable templates are defined. In this application, we extend MFP by constructing local-distance empirical master templates using Southern California Earthquake Data Center archived waveform data of events originating within the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. We compare the empirical templates to continuous seismic data collected between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2011. The empirical MFP method successfully identifies 6249 additional events, while the original catalogue reported 4352 events. The majority of these new eventsmore » are lower-magnitude events with magnitudes between M0.2–M0.8. Here, the increased spatial-temporal resolution of the microseismicity map within the geothermal field illustrates how empirical MFP, when combined with conventional methods, can significantly improve seismic network detection capabilities, which can aid in long-term sustainability and monitoring of managed underground reservoirs.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Deschutes Signal Processing, LLC, Maupin, OR (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-663217
Journal ID: ISSN 0956-540X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Journal International
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 203; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0956-540X
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 58 GEOSCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1377782