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Title: Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass

Abstract

Defying the requirements of translational periodicity in 3D, rotation of the lattice orientation within an otherwise single crystal provides a new form of solid. Such rotating lattice single (RLS) crystals are found, but only as spherulitic grains too small for systematic characterization or practical application. Here we report a novel approach to fabricate RLS crystal lines and 2D layers of unlimited dimensions via a recently discovered solid-to-solid conversion process using a laser to heat a glass to its crystallization temperature but keeping it below the melting temperature. The proof-of-concept including key characteristics of RLS crystals is demonstrated using the example of Sb2S3 crystals within the Sb-S-I model glass system for which the rotation rate depends on the direction of laser scanning relative to the orientation of initially formed seed. Lattice rotation in this new mode of crystal growth occurs upon crystallization through a well-organized dislocation/disclination structure introduced at the glass/ crystal interface. Implications of RLS growth on biomineralization and spherulitic crystal growth are noted.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Dept.
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Physics Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1377570
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0005010
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Savytskii, D., Jain, H., Tamura, N., and Dierolf, V. Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/srep36449.
Savytskii, D., Jain, H., Tamura, N., & Dierolf, V. Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass. United States. doi:10.1038/srep36449.
Savytskii, D., Jain, H., Tamura, N., and Dierolf, V. Thu . "Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass". United States. doi:10.1038/srep36449. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1377570.
@article{osti_1377570,
title = {Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass},
author = {Savytskii, D. and Jain, H. and Tamura, N. and Dierolf, V.},
abstractNote = {Defying the requirements of translational periodicity in 3D, rotation of the lattice orientation within an otherwise single crystal provides a new form of solid. Such rotating lattice single (RLS) crystals are found, but only as spherulitic grains too small for systematic characterization or practical application. Here we report a novel approach to fabricate RLS crystal lines and 2D layers of unlimited dimensions via a recently discovered solid-to-solid conversion process using a laser to heat a glass to its crystallization temperature but keeping it below the melting temperature. The proof-of-concept including key characteristics of RLS crystals is demonstrated using the example of Sb2S3 crystals within the Sb-S-I model glass system for which the rotation rate depends on the direction of laser scanning relative to the orientation of initially formed seed. Lattice rotation in this new mode of crystal growth occurs upon crystallization through a well-organized dislocation/disclination structure introduced at the glass/ crystal interface. Implications of RLS growth on biomineralization and spherulitic crystal growth are noted.},
doi = {10.1038/srep36449},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}

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