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Title: Probing Titanium Disulfide-Sulfur Composite Materials for Li-S Batteries via In Situ X-ray Diffraction (XRD)

Development of Li-S batteries is hindered by sluggish kinetics resulting from the intrinsic poor conductivity of sulfur and capacity degradation due to solubility of intermediate lithium polysulfides (LiPS). A strategy for overcoming these issues is to use TiS 2, which is a good electrical conductor and LiPS absorbant, as an additive to sulfur electrodes. Furthemore, from a structural perspective, we probed TiS 2-S composite materials during electrochemical discharge and charge reactions in propylene-oxide based glyme (DPGDME) electrolyte using in-situ XRD, revealing the synergistic effects of TiS 2 and S in the composites. TiS 2 was found to function effectively as a conductive additive and improve the utilization of sulfur. Intercalation of Li + into TiS 2 takes place simultaneously with the sulfur-lithium reaction, and contributes favorably to the total realized capacity.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Energy Sciences Directorate
  3. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering and Dept. of Chemistry
  4. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering and Dept. of Chemistry; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Energy Sciences Directorate
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-114106-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; conductivity; ether; lithium sulfur battery; polysulfide; titanium(IV) sulfide
OSTI Identifier:
1377017