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Title: Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO 3

Here, the magnetic interactions between rare-earth and Fe ions in hexagonal rare-earth ferrites (h–RFeO 3), may amplify the weak ferromagnetic moment on Fe, making these materials more appealing as multiferroics. To elucidate the interaction strength between the rare-earth and Fe ions as well as the magnetic moment of the rare-earth ions, element-specific magnetic characterization is needed. Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we have studied the ferrimagnetism in h–YbFeO 3 by measuring the magnetization of Fe and Yb separately. The results directly show antialignment of magnetization of Yb and Fe ions in h–YbFeO 3 at low temperature, with an exchange field on Yb of about 17 kOe. The magnetic moment of Yb is about 1.6μ B at low temperature, significantly reduced compared with the 4.5μ B moment of a free Yb 3+. In addition, the saturation magnetization of Fe in h–YbFeO 3 has a sizable enhancement compared with that in h–LuFeO 3. These findings directly demonstrate that ferrimagnetic order exists in h–YbFeO 3; they also account for the enhancement of magnetization and the reduction of coercivity in h–YbFeO 3 compared with those in h–LuFeO 3 at low temperature, suggesting an important role for the rare-earth ions in tuning the multiferroic propertiesmore » of h–RFeO 3.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [7] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  2. Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an (People's Republic of China); Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  3. Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Canadian Light Source, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  7. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1366580