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Title: Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO 3

Abstract

Here, the magnetic interactions between rare-earth and Fe ions in hexagonal rare-earth ferrites (h–RFeO3), may amplify the weak ferromagnetic moment on Fe, making these materials more appealing as multiferroics. To elucidate the interaction strength between the rare-earth and Fe ions as well as the magnetic moment of the rare-earth ions, element-specific magnetic characterization is needed. Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we have studied the ferrimagnetism in h–YbFeO3 by measuring the magnetization of Fe and Yb separately. The results directly show antialignment of magnetization of Yb and Fe ions in h–YbFeO3 at low temperature, with an exchange field on Yb of about 17 kOe. The magnetic moment of Yb is about 1.6μB at low temperature, significantly reduced compared with the 4.5μB moment of a free Yb3+. In addition, the saturation magnetization of Fe in h–YbFeO3 has a sizable enhancement compared with that in h–LuFeO3. These findings directly demonstrate that ferrimagnetic order exists in h–YbFeO3; they also account for the enhancement of magnetization and the reduction of coercivity in h–YbFeO3 compared with those in h–LuFeO3 at low temperature, suggesting an important role for the rare-earth ions in tuning the multiferroic properties of h–RFeO3.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  2. Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an (People's Republic of China); Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  3. Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Canadian Light Source, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  7. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1376701
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1366580
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Cao, Shi, Sinha, Kishan, Zhang, Xin, Zhang, Xiaozhe, Wang, Xiao, Yin, Yuewei, N'Diaye, Alpha T., Wang, Jian, Keavney, David J., Paudel, Tula R., Liu, Yaohua, Cheng, Xuemei, Tsymbal, Evgeny Y., Dowben, Peter A., and Xu, Xiaoshan. Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO3. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.224428.
Cao, Shi, Sinha, Kishan, Zhang, Xin, Zhang, Xiaozhe, Wang, Xiao, Yin, Yuewei, N'Diaye, Alpha T., Wang, Jian, Keavney, David J., Paudel, Tula R., Liu, Yaohua, Cheng, Xuemei, Tsymbal, Evgeny Y., Dowben, Peter A., & Xu, Xiaoshan. Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO3. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.224428.
Cao, Shi, Sinha, Kishan, Zhang, Xin, Zhang, Xiaozhe, Wang, Xiao, Yin, Yuewei, N'Diaye, Alpha T., Wang, Jian, Keavney, David J., Paudel, Tula R., Liu, Yaohua, Cheng, Xuemei, Tsymbal, Evgeny Y., Dowben, Peter A., and Xu, Xiaoshan. Mon . "Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO3". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.224428. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376701.
@article{osti_1376701,
title = {Electronic structure and direct observation of ferrimagnetism in multiferroic hexagonal YbFeO3},
author = {Cao, Shi and Sinha, Kishan and Zhang, Xin and Zhang, Xiaozhe and Wang, Xiao and Yin, Yuewei and N'Diaye, Alpha T. and Wang, Jian and Keavney, David J. and Paudel, Tula R. and Liu, Yaohua and Cheng, Xuemei and Tsymbal, Evgeny Y. and Dowben, Peter A. and Xu, Xiaoshan},
abstractNote = {Here, the magnetic interactions between rare-earth and Fe ions in hexagonal rare-earth ferrites (h–RFeO3), may amplify the weak ferromagnetic moment on Fe, making these materials more appealing as multiferroics. To elucidate the interaction strength between the rare-earth and Fe ions as well as the magnetic moment of the rare-earth ions, element-specific magnetic characterization is needed. Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we have studied the ferrimagnetism in h–YbFeO3 by measuring the magnetization of Fe and Yb separately. The results directly show antialignment of magnetization of Yb and Fe ions in h–YbFeO3 at low temperature, with an exchange field on Yb of about 17 kOe. The magnetic moment of Yb is about 1.6μB at low temperature, significantly reduced compared with the 4.5μB moment of a free Yb3+. In addition, the saturation magnetization of Fe in h–YbFeO3 has a sizable enhancement compared with that in h–LuFeO3. These findings directly demonstrate that ferrimagnetic order exists in h–YbFeO3; they also account for the enhancement of magnetization and the reduction of coercivity in h–YbFeO3 compared with those in h–LuFeO3 at low temperature, suggesting an important role for the rare-earth ions in tuning the multiferroic properties of h–RFeO3.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.224428},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 22,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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