Isotensor Axial Polarizability and Lattice QCD Input for Nuclear Double $\beta $ Decay Phenomenology
Abstract
The potential importance of shortdistance nuclear effects in double$$\beta$$ decay is assessed using a lattice QCD calculation of the $$nn\rightarrow pp$$ transition and effective field theory methods. At the unphysical quark masses used in the numerical computation, these effects, encoded in the isotensor axial polarisability, are found to be of similar magnitude to the nuclear modification of the single axial current, which phenomenologically is the quenching of the axial charge used in nuclear manybody calculations. This finding suggests that nuclear models for neutrinoful and neutrinoless double$$\beta$$ decays should incorporate this previously neglected contribution if they are to provide reliable guidance for nextgeneration neutrinoless double$$\beta$$ decay searches. The prospects of constraining the isotensor axial polarisabilities of nuclei using lattice QCD input into nuclear manybody calculations are discussed.
 Authors:

 Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics
 City College of New York, NY (United States)
 Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory and Dept. of Physics
 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
 Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory
 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC)
 Contributing Org.:
 NPLQCD Collaboration
 OSTI Identifier:
 1376680
 Alternate Identifier(s):
 OSTI ID: 1374765
 Report Number(s):
 JLABTHY172502; DOE/OR/231774169; arXiv:1701.03456; MITCTP4867; INTPUB16056
Journal ID: ISSN 00319007; PRLTAO
 Grant/Contract Number:
 NSF PHY1125915; PHY1515738; AC0205CH11231; SC0010337; FG0200ER41132; SC0010495; SC0011090; FG0204ER41302; AC0500OR22725; AC0506OR23177
 Resource Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Physical Review Letters
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 00319007
 Publisher:
 American Physical Society (APS)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
Citation Formats
Shanahan, Phiala E., Tiburzi, Brian C., Wagman, Michael L., Winter, Frank, Chang, Emmanuel, Davoudi, Zohreh, Detmold, William, Orginos, Kostas, and Savage, Martin J. Isotensor Axial Polarizability and Lattice QCD Input for Nuclear Double β Decay Phenomenology. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.062003.
Shanahan, Phiala E., Tiburzi, Brian C., Wagman, Michael L., Winter, Frank, Chang, Emmanuel, Davoudi, Zohreh, Detmold, William, Orginos, Kostas, & Savage, Martin J. Isotensor Axial Polarizability and Lattice QCD Input for Nuclear Double β Decay Phenomenology. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.062003.
Shanahan, Phiala E., Tiburzi, Brian C., Wagman, Michael L., Winter, Frank, Chang, Emmanuel, Davoudi, Zohreh, Detmold, William, Orginos, Kostas, and Savage, Martin J. Tue .
"Isotensor Axial Polarizability and Lattice QCD Input for Nuclear Double β Decay Phenomenology". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.062003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376680.
@article{osti_1376680,
title = {Isotensor Axial Polarizability and Lattice QCD Input for Nuclear Double β Decay Phenomenology},
author = {Shanahan, Phiala E. and Tiburzi, Brian C. and Wagman, Michael L. and Winter, Frank and Chang, Emmanuel and Davoudi, Zohreh and Detmold, William and Orginos, Kostas and Savage, Martin J.},
abstractNote = {The potential importance of shortdistance nuclear effects in double$\beta$ decay is assessed using a lattice QCD calculation of the $nn\rightarrow pp$ transition and effective field theory methods. At the unphysical quark masses used in the numerical computation, these effects, encoded in the isotensor axial polarisability, are found to be of similar magnitude to the nuclear modification of the single axial current, which phenomenologically is the quenching of the axial charge used in nuclear manybody calculations. This finding suggests that nuclear models for neutrinoful and neutrinoless double$\beta$ decays should incorporate this previously neglected contribution if they are to provide reliable guidance for nextgeneration neutrinoless double$\beta$ decay searches. The prospects of constraining the isotensor axial polarisabilities of nuclei using lattice QCD input into nuclear manybody calculations are discussed.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.062003},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}
Web of Science
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