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Title: Evidence for Osteocalcin Binding and Activation of GPRC6A in β-Cells

The possibility that G protein-coupled receptor family C member A (GPRC6A) is the osteocalcin (Ocn)-sensing G protein-coupled receptor that directly regulates pancreatic β-cell functions is controversial. In the current study, we found that Ocn and an Ocn-derived C-terminal hexapeptide directly activate GPRC6A-dependent ERK signaling in vitro. Computational models probe the structural basis of Ocn binding to GPRC6A and predict that the C-terminal hexapeptide docks to the extracellular side of the transmembrane domain of GPRC6A. Consistent with the modeling, mutations in the computationally identified binding pocket of GPRC6A reduced Ocn and C-terminal hexapeptide activation of this receptor. In addition, selective deletion of Gprc6a in β-cells (Gprc6a β-cell-cko) by crossing Gprc6a flox/flox mice with Ins2-Cre mice resulted in reduced pancreatic weight, islet number, insulin protein content, and insulin message expression. Both islet size and β-cell proliferation were reduced in Gprc6a β-cell-cko compared with control mice. Gprc6a β-cell-cko exhibited abnormal glucose tolerance, but normal insulin sensitivity. Islets isolated from Gprc6a β-cell-cko mice showed reduced insulin simulation index in response to Ocn. Here, these data establish the structural basis for Ocn direct activation of GPRC6A and confirm a role for GPRC6A in regulating β-cell proliferation and insulin secretion.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee/Oak Ridge National Lab. Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee/Oak Ridge National Lab. Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Endocrinology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 157; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-7227
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1376607
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1424482