skip to main content


Title: New insights into the structure, chemistry, and properties of Cu 4SnS 4

The ambient temperature structure of Cu 4SnS 4 has been revisited and the recently reported low temperature structure has been confirmed from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. A structural phase transition from a large monoclinic unit cell at low temperature to a smaller orthorhombic unit cell at high temperature has been observed. The room temperature phase exhibited disorder in the two copper sites, which is a different finding from earlier reports. The low temperature monoclinic form crystallizes in P2 1/c space group, which is isostructural with Cu 4GeS 4. The phase transition has also been studied with variable temperature powder X-ray diffraction and 119Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy. The Seebeck coefficients and electrical resistivity of polycrystalline Cu 4SnS 4 are reported from 16 to 400 K on hot pressed pellets. Thermal conductivity measurements at high temperatures, 350 – 750 K exhibited very low thermal conductivities in the range 0.28 – 0.35 W K –1 m –1. In all the transport measurements the phase transition has been observed at around 232 K. Resistivity decreases, while Seebeck coefficient increases after the phase transition during warming up from low to high temperatures. This change in resistivity has been correlated with the results of first-principles electronic bandmore » structure calculations using highly-accurate screened-exchange local density approximation. It was found that both the low hole effective mass of 0.63 me for the Γ→Y crystallographic direction and small band gap, 0.49 eV, are likely to contribute to the observed higher conductivity of the orthorhombic phase. Cu 4SnS 4 is also electrochemically active and shows reversible reaction with lithium between 1.7 and 3.5 volts.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Missouri Univ. of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)
  4. Duquesne Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  5. Univ. Gottingen (Germany)
  6. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Prague (Czech Republic). Inst. of Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 253; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: