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Title: Material impacts and heat flux characterization of an electrothermal plasma source with an applied magnetic field

Abstract

To produce a realistic tokamak-like plasma environment in linear plasma device, a transient source is needed to deliver heat and particle fluxes similar to those seen in an edge localized mode (ELM). ELMs in future large tokamaks will deliver heat fluxes of ~1 GW/m 2 to the divertor plasma facing components at a few Hz. An electrothermal plasma source can deliver heat fluxes of this magnitude. These sources operate in an ablative arc regime which is driven by a DC capacitive discharge. An electrothermal source was configured in this paper with two pulse lengths and tested under a solenoidal magnetic field to determine the resulting impact on liner ablation, plasma parameters, and delivered heat flux. The arc travels through and ablates a boron nitride liner and strikes a tungsten plate. Finally, the tungsten target plate is analyzed for surface damage using a scanning electron microscope.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Fusion and Materials for Nuclear Systems Division
  2. Univ. of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering. Nuclear Engineering Program
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Contributing Org.:
Univ. of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1376436
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374783
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Magnetostatics; Thermodynamic properties; Plasma sources; Plasma material interactions; Metalloids

Citation Formats

Gebhart, T. E., Martinez-Rodriguez, R. A., Baylor, L. R., Rapp, J., and Winfrey, A. L. Material impacts and heat flux characterization of an electrothermal plasma source with an applied magnetic field. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4998683.
Gebhart, T. E., Martinez-Rodriguez, R. A., Baylor, L. R., Rapp, J., & Winfrey, A. L. Material impacts and heat flux characterization of an electrothermal plasma source with an applied magnetic field. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4998683.
Gebhart, T. E., Martinez-Rodriguez, R. A., Baylor, L. R., Rapp, J., and Winfrey, A. L. Fri . "Material impacts and heat flux characterization of an electrothermal plasma source with an applied magnetic field". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4998683. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1376436.
@article{osti_1376436,
title = {Material impacts and heat flux characterization of an electrothermal plasma source with an applied magnetic field},
author = {Gebhart, T. E. and Martinez-Rodriguez, R. A. and Baylor, L. R. and Rapp, J. and Winfrey, A. L.},
abstractNote = {To produce a realistic tokamak-like plasma environment in linear plasma device, a transient source is needed to deliver heat and particle fluxes similar to those seen in an edge localized mode (ELM). ELMs in future large tokamaks will deliver heat fluxes of ~1 GW/m2 to the divertor plasma facing components at a few Hz. An electrothermal plasma source can deliver heat fluxes of this magnitude. These sources operate in an ablative arc regime which is driven by a DC capacitive discharge. An electrothermal source was configured in this paper with two pulse lengths and tested under a solenoidal magnetic field to determine the resulting impact on liner ablation, plasma parameters, and delivered heat flux. The arc travels through and ablates a boron nitride liner and strikes a tungsten plate. Finally, the tungsten target plate is analyzed for surface damage using a scanning electron microscope.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4998683},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

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