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Title: Lithium Transport in an Amorphous Li xSi Anode Investigated by Quasi-elastic Neutron Scattering

Here, we demonstrate the room temperature mechanochemical synthesis of highly defective Li xSi anode materials and characterization of the Li transport. We probed the Li + self-diffusion using quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) to measure the Li self-diffusion in the alloy. Li diffusion was found to be significantly greater (3.0 × 10 –6 cm 2 s –1) than previously measured crystalline and electrochemically made Li–Si alloys; the energy of activation was determined to be 0.20 eV (19 kJ mol –1). Amorphous Li–Si structures are known to have superior Li diffusion to their crystalline counterparts; therefore, the isolation and stabilization of defective Li–Si structures may improve the utility of Si anodes for Li-ion batteries.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1376409